Canyon, Texas

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Canyon, Texas
Downtown Canyon, Texas
Downtown Canyon, Texas
Official logo of Canyon, Texas
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to Palo Duro Canyon
Motto(s): 
"Feels like home..."
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Randall County Canyon.svg
Coordinates: 34°58′46″N 101°55′33″W / 34.97944°N 101.92583°W / 34.97944; -101.92583Coordinates: 34°58′46″N 101°55′33″W / 34.97944°N 101.92583°W / 34.97944; -101.92583
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyRandall
Government
 • MayorGary Hinders
Area
 • Total7.88 sq mi (20.40 km2)
 • Land7.85 sq mi (20.34 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
3,543 ft (1,080 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total13,303
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
15,945
 • Density2,030.69/sq mi (784.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
79015-79016
Area code806
FIPS code48-12532[3]
GNIS feature ID1353772[4]
Websitecanyontx.com

Canyon is a city in, and the county seat of, Randall County, Texas, United States. The population was 13,303 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Amarillo, Texas, metropolitan statistical area. Canyon is the home of West Texas A&M University and Panhandle–Plains Historical Museum, and the outdoor musical drama Texas.

History[edit]

Canyon was founded by L.G. Conner.[5] East of Canyon is the JA Ranch.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Canyon has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km2), all land. The city itself lies in a valley that eventually becomes Palo Duro Canyon to the east.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Canyon, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
82
(28)
93
(34)
97
(36)
103
(39)
109
(43)
106
(41)
104
(40)
103
(39)
98
(37)
86
(30)
82
(28)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 51.4
(10.8)
55.0
(12.8)
63.1
(17.3)
71.8
(22.1)
80.6
(27.0)
88.9
(31.6)
91.7
(33.2)
90.0
(32.2)
83.5
(28.6)
73.5
(23.1)
61.3
(16.3)
50.4
(10.2)
71.8
(22.1)
Average low °F (°C) 21.5
(−5.8)
24.1
(−4.4)
31.7
(−0.2)
41.2
(5.1)
51.9
(11.1)
60.7
(15.9)
65.4
(18.6)
64.3
(17.9)
56.2
(13.4)
43.8
(6.6)
31.6
(−0.2)
21.8
(−5.7)
42.9
(6.1)
Record low °F (°C) −3
(−19)
−11
(−24)
6
(−14)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
51
(11)
47
(8)
29
(−2)
15
(−9)
6
(−14)
−6
(−21)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.60
(15)
0.48
(12)
1.12
(28)
1.10
(28)
2.55
(65)
3.33
(85)
2.24
(57)
3.43
(87)
2.13
(54)
1.81
(46)
0.76
(19)
0.60
(15)
20.15
(512)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
1.6
(4.1)
1.2
(3.0)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.4
(3.6)
3.1
(7.9)
11.8
(30)
Source: NOAA[7]

Demographics[edit]

Randall County Courthouse in downtown Canyon, Texas
Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,400
19201,61815.6%
19302,82174.4%
19402,622−7.1%
19504,36466.4%
19605,86434.4%
19708,33342.1%
198010,72428.7%
199011,3656.0%
200012,87513.3%
201013,3033.3%
2019 (est.)15,945[2]19.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 census[edit]

Canyon racial composition[9]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 10,490 70.71%
Black or African American (NH) 536 3.61%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 120 0.81%
Asian (NH) 187 1.26%
Pacific Islander (NH) 7 0.05%
Some Other Race (NH) 62 0.42%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 529 3.57%
Hispanic or Latino 2,905 19.58%
Total 14,836

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,836 people, 5,189 households, and 3,444 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[3] 13,303 people, 5,185 households and 2,924 families resided in the city. The population density was 2687.47 per square mile (1,037.68/km2). The 5,611 housing units averaged 1,133.54 per square mile (437.68/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, and 2% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.7% of the population.

Of the 5,185 households, 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.6% were not families. About 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99.

The population was distributed as 21.4% under the age of 18, 18.6% from 20 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median household income was $32,361 and the median family income was $46,250. Males had a median income of $34,338 versus $25,255 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,292. About 8.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education in Canyon is served by the Canyon Independent School District. Currently, the only high school is Canyon High School, whose mascot is an Eagle.

Some students in Canyon, TX play soccer at the Brown Road Soccer Complex on the west side of town.

Intermediate school and junior high students playing soccer at Brown Road Soccer Complex in Canyon

Notable people[edit]

  • Houston Bright, composer who taught for three decades at West Texas A&M University
  • Harold Bugbee, Western artist and the former curator of Panhandle-Plains Museum
  • Terry Funk, professional wrestler and actor
  • Blair Garner, syndicated radio host
  • Bryan A. Garner, editor-in-chief of Black's Law Dictionary, author, and teacher; grandson to Meade F. Griffin of the Texas Supreme Court and Court of Criminal Appeals; older brother of Blair Garner
  • J. Evetts Haley, a historian of the American West, lived in Canyon and later Midland
  • Margaret Pease Harper, educator, musician and originator of Texas
  • Mark Lair, Hall of Fame bridge player, inducted into the American Contract Bridge League Bridge Hall of Fame in 2009; professional bridge player with two world championships, 21 North American championships, and 11 North American championship runners-up; honorary lifetime appointment to the American Contract Bridge League Goodwill Committee, 1997; ranking of fifth on ACBL all-time master point list with over 67,900 master points, 2018; winner of the Fishbein Trophy, Barry Crane Trophy, and Herman Trophy: Mark was raised in Canyon and has lived in Canyon for the past 41 years[12]
  • Georgia O'Keeffe, famous artist, lived in Canyon (1916–1918), inspired by the beauty of the Palo Duro country
  • Carmen Espinoza-Rodriquez, singer/songwriter
  • Brandon Schneider, women's basketball head coach at the University of Kansas; born in Canyon
  • Candace Whitaker, women's basketball head coach at Texas Tech; born in Canyon

See also[edit]

Palo Duro Canyon State Park is 12 miles east of Canyon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Canyon History". Canyon Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 17 August 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  6. ^ "HISTORY of the JA, THE RITCHIE FAMILY and the JA FAMILY". ranches.org. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  7. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  10. ^ www.census.gov
  11. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  12. ^ Mark Lair
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[10][11]

External links[edit]