Canyons of the Teton Range

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Paintbrush Canyon at center left and Leigh Canyon at right in the Teton Range

The canyons of the Teton Range lie almost entirely within Grand Teton National Park in the U.S. state of Wyoming. Ranging from 9 miles (14 km) to less than 1 mile (1.6 km) in length and up to 6,000 feet (1,800 m) deep, the canyons were carved primarily by glaciers over the past 250,000 years.[1] The canyons in the Teton Range descend in altitude generally west to east and many have lakes at their outlets. The lakes were created by terminal moraines left behind by the now retreated glaciers.[2] A few of the canyons have small glaciers that were created mostly during the Little Ice Age (1550-1850). Fast retreating Schoolroom Glacier is a tiny glacier located at the head of the South Cascade Canyon. Most of the canyons have streams from which rain and snowmelt flow towards Jackson Hole valley, and due to the sometimes rapid altitude descent, waterfalls are common. The canyons offer the easiest hiking access into the Teton Range.[3]

Teton Range canyons within Grand Teton National Park[edit]

Cascade Canyon with the Cathedral Group at left and Symmetry Spire at right
  • Webb Canyon[4] is 9 miles (14 km) long and originates at several alpine lakes near the western boundary of Grand Teton National Park. Moose Creek flows through the canyon and empties into Jackson Lake.
  • Colter Canyon[5] is 3 miles (4.8 km) long and originates north of Ranger Peak.
  • Waterfalls Canyon[6] is 3 miles (4.8 km) long. Several cascades near the head of the canyon descend from an unnamed lake.
  • Snowshoe Canyon[7] has a north and south fork. This 5 miles (8.0 km) long canyon lies between Eagles Rest Peak and Rolling Thunder Mountain to the north and Raynolds Peak, Traverse Peak and Bivouac Peak to the south.
  • Moran Canyon[8] is 6 miles (9.7 km) long and is situated south of Raynolds Peak, Traverse Peak and Bivouac Peak and north of Mount Moran. The canyon outlet is at Moran Bay on Jackson Lake.
  • Leigh Canyon[9] is 6 miles (9.7 km) long and lies between Mount Moran to the north and Mount Woodring to the south. The canyon outlet is at Leigh Lake.
  • Paintbrush Canyon[10] is 3 miles (4.8 km) long and the canyon outlet is near Leigh Lake. The popular but very strenuous Paintbrush-Cascade Loop hike traverses through the canyon.[3]
  • Hanging Canyon[11] is a 2 miles (3.2 km) long canyon which is immediately south of Mount Saint John.
  • Cascade Canyon[12] is 7 miles (11 km) long and splits into the North Cascade and South Cascade canyons 4 miles (6.4 km) from its outlet at Jenny Lake. The canyon is more than 6,000 feet (1,800 m) deep in places as the north slopes of Mount Owen and Grand Teton tower above the canyon. One of the most visited canyons in Grand Teton National Park, Cascade Canyon can be accessed by trail via a loop hike around Jenny Lake or a boat shuttle which provides easier access to Inspiration Point and the nearly 200 feet (61 m) cascade known as Hidden Falls. Schoolroom Glacier is located at the head of the South Cascade Canyon while Lake Solitude lies at the end of the North Cascade Canyon.[3]
  • Valhalla Canyon[13] extends northward 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the northwestern slopes of Grand Teton and ends within Cascade Canyon.
Death Canyon

Teton Range canyons outside Grand Teton National Park[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Love, J.D.; John C. Reed, Jr. "Creation of the Teton Landscape: The Geologic Story of Grand Teton National Park". Quaternary-Time of Ice, More Lakes and Continued Crustal Disturbance. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  2. ^ "Park Geology". Geology Fieldnotes. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  3. ^ a b c "Day Hikes" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  4. ^ "Webb Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  5. ^ "Colter Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  6. ^ "Waterfalls Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  7. ^ "Snowshoe Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  8. ^ "Moran Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  9. ^ "Leigh Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  10. ^ "Paintbrush Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  11. ^ "Hanging Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  12. ^ "Cascade Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  13. ^ "Valhalla Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  14. ^ "Garnet Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  15. ^ "Avalanche Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  16. ^ "Death Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  17. ^ "Open Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  18. ^ "Granite Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  19. ^ "Jensen Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  20. ^ "Phillips Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  21. ^ "Teton Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15. 
  22. ^ "Darby Canyon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-15.