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Basilica of Cap-de-la-Madeleine
Basilica of Cap-de-la-Madeleine
Coordinates: 45°26′25″N 73°42′20″W / 45.44028°N 73.70556°W / 45.44028; -73.70556
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Trois-Rivières
Incorporated March 20, 1651
Merged January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts

Provincial Champlain
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Yves Lévesque
 • Federal MP(s) Lise St-Denis (Lib)
 • Quebec MNA(s) Noella Champagne (PQ)
 • Land 18.26 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 33,022
 • Density 1,808.4/km2 (4,684/sq mi)
 • Change (2001-06) Increase1.5%
 • Dwellings 15,805
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 819
Access Routes[2]

Route 157

Cap-de-la-Madeleine is a former city in Quebec, Canada at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice River and the St. Lawrence River. It was amalgamated into the City of Trois-Rivières in 2002. Population (2006 census) 33,022.


Cap-de-la-Madeleine was founded March 20, 1651. The establishment was named by Jacques de La Ferté, who was abbot of Sainte-Madeleine de Châteaudun in France.

The city is famous for its basilica, Basilique Notre-Dame du Cap, dedicated to Our Lady of the Cape. The Basilica receives thousands of pilgrims and visitors each year. Pilgrims are drawn to the site because it is considered to be the place where two miracles were performed by the Blessed Virgin Mary, the first being the Miracle of the Ice Bridge (1879) and the other being the Miracle of the Eyes (1888). The first official pilgrimage occurred in 1883 and consisted of roughly 150 people who traveled to the location by foot.[3] The site is considered the first pilgrimage site in North America, excluding Mexico.

During World War II the Royal Canadian Air Force built and operated No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan[4] in Cap-de-la-Madelaine. The school opened on 14 October 1940 and closed on 11 February 1944. The airfield was located in what is now a residential area of near rue Saint Maurice and rue de Grandmont.46°23′00″N 072°31′00″W / 46.38333°N 72.51667°W / 46.38333; -72.51667 (No. 11 EFTS)[5]

The inhabitants call themselves Madelinois and Madelinoise.

Other interesting sites[edit]

  • Fort Saint-François: built 1660 and late abandoned with no visible traces remaining on what is now Notre dame du Cap Sanctuary
  • Fort du Moulin-à-Vent: built between 1649 and 1653; now a residential area

Notable people from Cap-de-la-Madeleine[edit]


  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada (January 12, 2008). "Trois-Rivières- 2006 Community Profiles". Retrieved 2008-01-13. 
  2. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  3. ^
  4. ^ Hatch, F. J. (1983). The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, 1939-1945. Ottawa: Directorate of History, Department of National Defence. ISBN 0660114437. 
  5. ^ Air Navigation Edition Parent-Three Rivers (Map) (23 February 1944 ed.). Cartography by Hydrographic and Map Service. Canada Department of Mines and Resources, Surveys and Engineering Branch. 

Coordinates: 46°22′N 72°30′W / 46.367°N 72.500°W / 46.367; -72.500 (Cap-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec)