|Comune di Capalbio|
Historic center of Capalbio
|Province / Metropolitan city||Province of Grosseto (GR)|
|Frazioni||Borgo Carige, Capalbio Scalo, Chiarone Scalo, Giardino, La Torba, Pescia Fiorentina|
|• Mayor||Lucia Biagi in Galli (since June 2004)|
|• Total||187.5 km2 (72.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||217 m (712 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2004)|
|• Density||22/km2 (56/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Bernardino of Siena|
|Saint day||May 20|
Capalbio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Grosseto in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Florence and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of Grosseto. Capalbio borders the following municipalities: Manciano, Montalto di Castro, Orbetello.
Capalbio is known for the first time in 805 CE, when it was donated to the Abbey of the Tre Fontane, near Rome, by Charlemagne. The possession was confirmed in 1161 by Pope Alexander III. Later it was under the Aldobrandeschi family, who were followed by Orvieto, the Republic of Siena and the Orsini, who built the Castle.
Conquered by the Spaniards in 1555. it was assigned to Cosimo I de' Medici as part of his new Grand Duchy of Tuscany. The city subsequently decayed and the area depopulated due to the presence of malaria.
It became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, becoming an independent comune in 1960.
The hills around the commune is part Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) that produces red, white and rosé wines as a dessert Vin Santo style. The red and rosé wines are a blend of at least 50% Sangiovese with other local grape varieties, such as Abrusco, permitted to make up to 50% of the remainder. A varietal Sangiovese and Cabernet Sauvignon can also be made in the DOC provided that the stated variety makes up at least 85% of the blend and the wine has a minimum alcohol level of at least 12%. The white wines of the region are a blend of at least 50% Trebbiano with other local varieties permitted to make up the remaining 50%. Grapes destined for DOC production must be limited to a harvest yield of no more than 10 tonnes/hectare for the red wine and 12 tonnes/ha for the white rosé. In order to attain DOC designation the finished white and rosé must attain a minimum alcohol level of at least 10.5% and 11% alcohol by volume for the reds. The Vin Santo can be produced in both dry and sweet styles and must be aged for at least three years prior to release.
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