Cape (geography)

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Cape Cod and the islands off the Massachusetts coast, from space
Cape Tindari and Marinello lagoons, Sicily

In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea.[1] A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline. Their proximity to the coastline makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions. This results in capes having a relatively short geologic lifespan. Capes can be formed by glaciers, volcanoes, and changes in sea level. Erosion plays a large role in each of these methods of formation.[citation needed]

List of some well-known capes[edit]

By Country[edit]

Country Cape
Eritrea Ras Kasar
Sudan
Ghana Cape Coast
Liberia Cape Mesurado (on which Monrovia is located)
Cape Palmas (southernmost point in Liberia)[citation needed]
Grand Cape Mount
Mauritania Cape Blanc
Morocco Cape Juby
Cape Three Forks
Senegal Cap-Vert (westernmost point in Mainland Africa, site of Senegalese capital Dakar)[citation needed]
Somalia Cape Guardafui (easternmost point in mainland Africa)[citation needed]
South Africa Cape Agulhas (southernmost point in mainland Africa)[citation needed]
Cape of Good Hope
Tunisia Cap Bon
Ras ben Sakka (northernmost point in mainland Africa)[citation needed]
Boto
India Cape Comorin
Philippines Cape Engaño
Russia Cape Chelyuskin (northern tip of mainland Asia)[citation needed]
Cape Dezhnev (easternmost point in mainland Asia)[citation needed]
Turkey Cape Baba (western tip of mainland Asia)[citation needed]
Vietnam Mũi Né
Albania Cape of Gjuhëz, Karaburun Peninsula
Cape of Rodon
Bulgaria Cape Emine
Cape Kaliakra
Cyprus Cape Greco
France Cap Gris Nez
Pointe du Raz
Germany Cape Arkona
Greece Cape Matapan, also known as Cape Tainaron (southern tip of mainland Europe, on Peloponnesus)[citation needed]
Latvia Cape Kolka
Norway Cape Nordkinn (northern tip of mainland Europe)[citation needed]
North Cape
Portugal Cabo da Roca (western tip of mainland Europe)[citation needed]
Cape St. Vincent / Sagres Point (southwestern tip of mainland Europe)[citation needed]
Spain Cape Finisterre
Cape Trafalgar
Turkey Sarayburnu, İstanbul (the easternmost point of the historical city; separates the Golden Horn Bay from the Sea of Marmara)[citation needed]
United Kingdom Cape Cornwall, Cornwall
Cape Wrath, Scotland
Canada Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia
Cape Chidley, Newfoundland and Labrador / Nunavut
Cape Columbia, Nunavut (Canada's northernmost point)[citation needed]
Cap Diamant, Quebec City
Cape Race, Newfoundland and Labrador
Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada's easternmost point)[citation needed]
Murchison Promontory, Nunavut (northern tip of mainland America)[citation needed]
Greenland Cape Farewell (Greenland's southernmost point)
Cape Morris Jesup (northernmost point of mainland Greenland)[citation needed]
Mexico Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur
United States Cape Ann, Massachusetts
Cape Canaveral, Florida
Cape Charles, Virginia
Cape Cod, Massachusetts
Cape Coral, Florida
Cape Fear, North Carolina
Cape Flattery, Washington (farthest northwest point of the contiguous United States)
Cape Girardeau, Missouri
Capes on the Mississippi River
Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
Cape Henlopen, Delaware
Cape Henry, Virginia
Cape Lookout, North Carolina
Cape May, New Jersey
Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska
Cape San Blas, Florida
Cape Elizabeth, Maine
Cape Sable, Florida (southernmost point in the mainland United States)[citation needed]
Australia Cape Byron
Cape Leeuwin
Cape York
South East Cape
New Zealand Cape Egmont
Cape Foulwind
Cape Kidnappers
Cape Reinga
East Cape
North Cape
Argentina Cape Virgenes
Chile Cape Froward
Cape Horn
Venezuela Cape San Román (northernmost point of Paraguaná Peninsula)[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whittow, John (1984). Dictionary of Physical Geography. London: Penguin, 1984, p. 80. ISBN 0-14-051094-X.