Anadolu Feneri

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Anadolu Feneri
Anadolu Feneri is located in Istanbul
Anadolu Feneri
Istanbul
Location Anadolufeneri
Beykoz
Istanbul Province
Turkey
Coordinates 41°13′02.9″N 29°09′07.7″E / 41.217472°N 29.152139°E / 41.217472; 29.152139Coordinates: 41°13′02.9″N 29°09′07.7″E / 41.217472°N 29.152139°E / 41.217472; 29.152139
Year first constructed 1830 (first)
Year first lit 1856 (current)[1]
Construction masonry[2]
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern[1]
Height 19 m (62 ft)[1]
Focal height 75 m (246 ft)[2][3]
Range 20 nmi (37 km; 23 mi)[2][3]
Characteristic Fl W 20s.[3]
Racon B[3]
Admiralty number E4958[1]
NGA number 17508[1]
ARLHS number TC2ALH[4]
Turkey number TUR-014[4]
Managing agent Directorate General of Coastal Safety

Anadolu Feneri is a historical lighthouse still in use, which is located on the Asian side of Bosphorus' Black Sea entrance in Istanbul, Turkey. Anadolu is the Turkish name for Anatolia. It is across from the lighthouse Rumeli Feneri, which is on the European side of the strait at a distance of 2 nmi (3.7 km; 2.3 mi). A connecting line between the two lighthouses marks the northern boundary of the Port of Istanbul. The place, where the lighthouse stands, is named Anadolufeneri, which today is a fishermen's village in Beykoz district.[2][3]

History[edit]

François Baron de Tott, a French engineer and military officer of Hungarian origin, who lived some years in Istanbul, reported on the existence of a lighthouse at this location in 1755.[5] During the Crimean War (1853–1856), it became necessary to have lighthouses on both sides of the Black Sea entrance of Bosporus to provide safe navigation for the French and British war ships. The French constructed Rumeli Feneri on the opposite side of the strait and improved the existing lighthouse Anadolu Feneri. Both lighthouses went in service on May 15, 1856.[2] Anadolu Feneri was operated by the French until 1933 when the 100-years concession was cancelled and the Turkish authorities took over.[2] Today, it is maintained by the Coastal Safety Authority (Turkish: Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü) of the Ministry of Transport and Communication.[6]

The lighthouse is situated on Yum Burnu or Yon (Hrom) Point[5] 75 m (246 ft) high above the sea level and the entirely white painted tower has a height of 19 m (62 ft).[1][2][3] The masonry built tower with a gallery around the lantern room has a conical form. A two-story keeper's house is attached to the tower.[1][5] Initially, it was lit by kerosene that was later replaced by Dalén light using carbide (acetylene gas). Today, the light source is electricity, however, a butane gas lighting system is also installed for backup purposes. The lighthouse's lantern flashes every 20 seconds and its light is visible at a range of 20 nmi (37 km; 23 mi).[2][3]

The lighthouse is listed in Turkey under the code "TUR 014" and its radio call sign is TC2ALH.[4]

Anadolu Feneri, inhabited by a family,[5] is open to public visit as a historical site.[7]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Northwestern Turkey". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Yağcı, Ahmet Gökhan. "Deniz Fenerleri" (in Turkish). Türk Denizcilik Portalı. Archived from the original on 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Free Topo Maps-My Topo". Map Server. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  4. ^ a b c "Istanbul Lighthouses On The Air (ILOTA) Award by TCSWAT". TCSWAT. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gence, Hakan (2006-11-10). "Meraklılarına deniz feneri turu". Hürryet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  6. ^ "Tarihi Fenerler" (in Turkish). Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  7. ^ "Turizme Açılan Fenerler" (in Turkish). Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 

External links[edit]