It was named by Captain Cook when he passed on 25 May 1770, since he found it to located on the Tropic of Capricorn. The modern surveyed location of its endpoint is just slightly north of the tropic.
Cape Capricorn has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
A lighthouse was first established on the Cape in 1875. The current lighthouse, dating from 1964, is the third built on the site. The lighthouse, like most along the Queensland coast, is automated.
- "Cape Capricorn". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government.
- "Cape Capricorn Lightstation (entry 601723)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Cape Capricorn". Lighthouses of Queensland. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
- Cape Capricorn Lighthouse Escape - Curtis Island Lighthouse
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