Cape Disappointment State Park
|Cape Disappointment State Park|
South side of Cape Disappointment and its lighthouse
|Location||Pacific, Washington, United States|
|Area||2,023 acres (8.19 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6.1 m)|
|Operator||Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission|
|Website||Cape Disappointment State Park|
Cape Disappointment State Park (formerly, Fort Canby State Park) is a public recreation area located southwest of Ilwaco, Washington, on the bottom end of Long Beach Peninsula, the northern headlands where the Columbia River meets the Pacific Ocean. The state park's 2,023 acres (819 ha) encompass a diverse landscape of old-growth forest, freshwater lakes, freshwater and saltwater marshes, and oceanside tidelands. Park sights include the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, North Head Lighthouse, and Cape Disappointment Lighthouse. Cape Disappointment is one of several state parks and sites in Washington and Oregon that make up the Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks.
Cape Disappointment earned its name when Captain John Meares failed to cross the river bar in 1788. The feat was accomplished in 1792 by American Captain Robert Gray. The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at Cape Disappointment in 1805.
In 1862, during the American Civil War, a camp called Post at Cape Disappointment was established and fortifications existed here from that date to protect the northern approaches to the mouth of the Columbia River from possible attacks by Confederate raiders or foreign fleets. It was garrisoned by Company A, U.S. 9th Infantry Regiment and Company A, 8th Regiment California Volunteer Infantry in the District of Oregon. In 1863, its mate Fort Stevens was established on the south bank of the Columbia River. In 1864, the post was renamed Fort Cape Disappointment. Some Civil War-era fortifications still exist: the Tower (or Right) Battery, Left Battery, and Center Battery.
Fort Cape Disappointment was expanded and renamed Fort Canby in 1875. By 1906, when construction finished under the Endicott program, Fort Canby became part of the three-fort Harbor Defenses of the Columbia River as a subpost of Fort Stevens along with Fort Columbia. The fort was further expanded during World War II. After being decommissioned in the years following World War II, the fort was turned over to the state for use as a state park in the early 1950s. Workers with the Civilian Conservation Corps helped restore the fort and improved roads and trails during the 1930s.
The Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center sits on a cliff that overlooks the confluence of the Columbia River and the Pacific Ocean. There are exhibits about the 1803–1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition from St. Louis, Missouri to the Pacific coast, the park's later history, including the lighthouses, U.S. Coast Guard and military activities, and the area's maritime and natural history.
Activities and amenities
Cape Disappointment State Park offers camping and other overnight accommodations, eight miles (13 km) of hiking trails, watercraft launch sites, picnicking facilities, and tours of the North Head Lighthouse.
- "Cape Disappointment State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Cape Disappointment State Park". Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Lewis & Clark National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Fort Canby". Coast Defense Study Group. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
- Tate, Cassandra (January 9, 2006). "Cape Disappointment State Park". The Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Lewis & Clark Interpretive Center". Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
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