Cape Engaño Lighthouse

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Cape Engaño Lighthouse
Cape Engano Angle.JPG
Cape Engaño Lighthouse is located in Philippines
Cape Engaño Lighthouse
Philippines
LocationPalaui Island
Santa Ana
Cagayan
Philippines
Coordinates18°34′47.51″N 122°8′15.68″E / 18.5798639°N 122.1376889°E / 18.5798639; 122.1376889Coordinates: 18°34′47.51″N 122°8′15.68″E / 18.5798639°N 122.1376889°E / 18.5798639; 122.1376889
Year first constructed1892
ConstructionStone
Tower shapeOctagonal tower with balcony and lantern removed, in the middle of an enclosed court
Markings / patternLight gray tower
Tower height14.5 metres (48 ft)
Focal height100 metres (330 ft)
Original lensfirst-order catadioptric lens
Current lensn/a
Light sourceSolar power
Range27 nautical miles (50 km; 31 mi)
CharacteristicFl W 5s.[1]
Fog signalnone
Admiralty numberF2732
NGA number14020
ARLHS numberPHI-013[2][3]
HeritageImportant Cultural Property Edit this on Wikidata

Cape Engaño Lighthouse, also known as Faro de Cabo Engaño, (Filipino: Parola ng Cape Engaño) is a historic lighthouse located at the Palaui Island in the town of Santa Ana, the province of Cagayan, Philippines. Located at the northernmost part of Luzon Island and situated atop the summit of a hill, 92 meters above sea level, the lighthouse provides a 360-degree view of Babuyan Island and the Dos Hermanas Island (Two Sisters) on the North, Pacific Ocean on the West and Engaño cove on the East.

Cape Engaño Lighthouse is now under the supervision of the Department of Transportation and Communications through the Philippine Coast Guards' lighthouse division.[4]

History[edit]

The lighthouse in 1903

Faro de Cabo Engaño is one of the four lighthouses built during the Spanish Colonial period, which served as gateway lighthouse for incoming ships. The construction started on 21 September 1888 and finished on 31 December 1892, wherein most of the labourers are Filipinos.

The Jamorabon family[edit]

The Cape Engaño Lighthouse was for generations the home of the Jamorabons. They also worked as lighthouse keepers, notably Gregorio Jamorabon, the longest-servicing keeper. The complex used to shelter seven crew members tasked to maintain the lighthouse. At that time, according to Teresa Jamorabon, late wife of Gregorio Jamorabon, the lighthouse was the only place where residents enjoyed electricity.

Teresa Jamorabon described how well the government took care of the lighthouse keepers and the station. Their rations of rice, beans, noodles, cooking oil and kerosene arrived every month and were shared equally among the workers, regardless of rank.

According to the Jamorabons, the name of the lighthouse was given by Spaniard seafarers when they first set foot on the cape and were so stunned by its natural beauty that they named it "Engaño".[5]

Structure[edit]

It was initially designed by Engineer Magin Pers y Pers, who also designed Cape Bojeador and Capones Island, and further design was by Guillermo Brockman.

The lighthouse complex is composed of the housing pavilion that served as an office and workers quarter, the service buildings, that served as kitchen and storage, and the 11-meter octagonal tower that houses the crown and the copper lantern (but was now a solar-based lighting mechanism) that is visible in all angles of the lighthouse. This was all built using local materials, masonry and hardwood.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coast Guard District North Eastern Luzon
  2. ^ "Cabo Engaño/Cagayan Light". Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society. Retrieved on 2010-06-27.
  3. ^ Lighthouses of the Northern Philippines The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved March 12, 2016
  4. ^ "Faro de Cabo Engaño". ICOMOS. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Faro de Cabo Engaño". ICOMOS. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  6. ^ "Faro de Cabo Engano". Filipino Heritage Festivals. Retrieved 2 May 2014.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]