Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse

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Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse
CapeLeeuwinLighthouse2 gobeirne.jpg
Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse
Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse is located in Western Australia
Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse
Western Australia
LocationCape Leeuwin
Western Australia
Coordinates34°22′27″S 115°08′09″E / 34.37417°S 115.13583°E / -34.37417; 115.13583Coordinates: 34°22′27″S 115°08′09″E / 34.37417°S 115.13583°E / -34.37417; 115.13583
Year first lit1895
Constructionlimestone tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower on square base
Markings / patternwhite tower and lantern
Tower height39 metres (128 ft)
Focal height57 metres (187 ft)
Original lens2nd order Chance Brothers Fresnel lens[1]
CharacteristicFl W 7.5s.
Admiralty numberK1794
NGA number8872
ARLHS numberAUS-035
Official nameCape Leeuwin Lighthouse
TypeListed place (Historic)
Designated22 June 2004
Reference no.105416
TypeState Registered Place
Designated13 May 2005
Reference no.104
Heritagelisted on the Commonwealth Heritage List Edit this on Wikidata

The Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse is a lighthouse located on the headland of Cape Leeuwin, /ˈlwɪn/ (About this soundlisten) the most south-westerly point on the mainland of the Australian Continent, in the state of Western Australia.

Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse was constructed by a company led by M. C. Davies, with George Temple Poole supervising the construction of the light and designing the keepers’ quarters.[2] The light tower which is built of local stone was originally designed to show two lights – a higher white light and a lower red light. Although the foundations were completed, the lower light was never installed.[3] It was opened with great ceremony in 1895 by John Forrest, the Premier of Western Australia. Until June 1982 the lens was rotated by a counter weight driving clockwork mechanism, and the beacon was a pressure kerosene mantle type. A radio navigation beacon was commissioned in 1955 and operated until 1992.[3] The lighthouse was automated in 1982.[2] The lighthouse, besides being a navigational aid, serves as an important automatic weather station. The lighthouse's buildings and grounds are now vested in the local tourism body and the single (1960s) and double (1980s) communications towers that were north-west of the lighthouse, seen in older photographs of Cape Leeuwin, have been removed.

The nearest functioning lighthouse north of Cape Leeuwin is the much smaller Cape Hamelin lighthouse, just south of the Hamelin Bay camping area.

The young Felix von Luckner, later a German World War I war hero, noted for his long voyage on the Seeadler during which he captured 14 enemy ships, was briefly assistant lighthouse keeper. He abandoned the job when discovered with his hotel-keeper's daughter by her father.

International Lighthouse Day was celebrated at Cape Leeuwin lighthouse for the first time in 2004.[4] The climb to the viewing deck consists of 176 steps.[3]

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Australia: Western Australia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  2. ^ a b "Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse and Quarters". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "History - Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse". Margaret River Attractions. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  4. ^ Lighthouses of Australia Inc. "Bulletin No 5/2004 - Sept/October 2004". Archived from the original on 4 March 2009.

External links[edit]