Cape May County, New Jersey
|Cape May County, New Jersey|
|County of New Jersey|
|County of Cape May|
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Cornelius Jacobsen Mey|
• Freeholder Director
Gerald M. Thornton (R, term ends December 31, 2019)
|Seat||Cape May Court House (in Middle Township)|
|Largest municipality||Lower Township (population)|
Middle Township (area)
|• Total||620.42 sq mi (1,607 km2)|
|• Land||251.42 sq mi (651 km2)|
|• Water||368.99 sq mi (956 km2), 59.47%|
93,553 (2017 est.; second-least populous in state)
|• Density||377/sq mi (145.5/km2)|
Cape May County is the southernmost county in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Much of the county is located on the Cape May Peninsula, bounded by the Delaware Bay to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east. Adjacent to the Atlantic coastline are five barrier islands that have been built up as seaside resorts. A consistently popular summer destination with 30 miles (48 km) of beaches, Cape May County attracts vacationers from New Jersey and surrounding states, with the summer population exceeding 750,000. Tourism generates annual revenues of about $6 billion as of 2015, making it the county's single largest industry, with leisure and hospitality being Cape May's largest employment category. Its county seat is the Cape May Court House section of Middle Township.
As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 93,553, making it the state's second-least populous county, a 3.9% decrease from the 97,265 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn decreasing by 5,061 (-4.9%) from the 102,326 counted in the 2000 Census. Cape May was one of only two counties to lose population in the decade since 2000; the decline was the largest percentage decrease of any county statewide and the second-largest in absolute terms. The county is part of the Ocean City, NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area.
Before the county was settled by Europeans, the indigenous Kechemeche tribe of the Lenape people inhabited South Jersey. Beginning in 1609, European explorers purchased land from, and contributed to the decline of, the indigenous people. The county was named for Cornelius Jacobsen Mey, a Dutch captain who explored and charted the area from 1611 to 1614, and established a claim for the province of New Netherland. In 1685, the court of Cape May County was split from neighboring Burlington County, although the boundaries were not set until seven years later. In 1690, Cape May (originally known as Cape Island) was founded, becoming America's oldest seaside resort. The county was subdivided into three townships in 1723 – Lower, Middle, and Upper. The other 16 municipalities in the county, including two no longer in existence, were established between 1827 and 1928. In 1863, the first railroad in the county opened, which carried crops from the dominant farming industry. Railroads later led to the popularity of the coastal resorts in the county. Improved automotive access led to further development after the Garden State Parkway opened in 1956.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Human resources and utilities
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Municipalities
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Before Cape May County was settled by Europeans, the indigenous Kechemeche tribe of the Lenape people inhabited South Jersey, and traveled to the barrier islands during the summer to hunt and fish. During the 17th century, the area that is now Cape May County was claimed as part of New Netherlands, New Sweden, the Province of New Jersey under the British crown, and later West Jersey. On August 28, 1609, English explorer Henry Hudson entered the Delaware Bay and stayed one day on land, north of what is now Cape May Point. As early as 1666, the southern tip of New Jersey was known as Cape Maey, named after Dutch explorer Cornelius Jacobsen May, who sailed the coastline of New Jersey from 1620–1621. In 1630, representatives of the Dutch West India Company purchased a 16 sq mi (41 km2) tract of land along the Delaware from indigenous people, and bought additional land 11 years later. Due to the large number of whales in the region of Cape May, Dutch explorers founded Town Bank around 1640 along the Delaware Bay as a whaling village. It was the first European settlement in Cape May County, and was populated by descendants of Plymouth County.
In 1685, the court of Cape May was split from Burlington. In 1690, a settlement began at Cape Island (now Cape May). As whaling declined due to overpopulation, Town Bank diminished in importance in favor of Cape May, and was largely washed away by 1750. In 1692, Cape May County was designated as one of the original four counties of West Jersey, defined as the land from the most northerly portion of Great Egg Harbor Bay to a point 20 mi (32 km) east of the mouth of the Maurice River (called West Creek), south to the tip of Cape May. The limits of the county were adjusted over the next two centuries, mostly the portion near Maurice River Township. The first water mill in the county was constructed in 1699 in Cold Spring. Nearby, the First Baptist Church was built in 1712, and the first Cold Spring Presbyterian Church was built in 1718. Both churches, as well as nearby private homes, functioned as the center of early county government.
In 1744, the county chose Romney Marsh – later Cape May Court House near the county's center to become the county seat. The first jail and courthouse was built in 1764. The county's population was around 1,000 in 1750, isolated from the rest of New Jersey by forests. Cape May grew independently as America's oldest bathing resort by 1765, leading to the city's current motto "The Nation's Oldest Seashore Resort". Amid the British blockade of the Delaware Bay in the American Revolutionary War, two British ships pursued and attacked the American brig Nancy, which fled to the coast at Turtle Gut Inlet (located in Wildwood Crest today). The Nancy was abandoned and sabotaged, killing at least 30 British sailors when the brig exploded after they boarded. The Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet on June 29, 1776 was the only Revolutionary War battle fought in the county.
Cape May County was split into three townships on February 21, 1798 – Lower, Middle, and Upper. The three townships were previously established as precincts on April 2, 1723. During the War of 1812, British forces raided farms in the county for food and fresh water. In retaliation, residents dug canals to the ocean, making the water no longer drinkable. In 1827, Dennis Township was created from portions of Upper Township, 101 years after its namesake Dennisville was founded in 1726. The oldest independent borough in the county was Cape Island Borough in 1848, which became the city of Cape May in 1869. Over the next 60 years as transport to the region improved, most of the current municipalities in the county were created. Sea Grove, later renamed Cape May Point, was founded in 1875. In 1879, Ocean City was founded as a religious retreat. Sea Isle City was founded in 1882, followed by West Cape May in 1884. In 1885, Anglesea (renamed North Wildwood in 1906) and Holly Beach (later a part of Wildwood) were founded. A land development company established Avalon in 1887. In 1891, Woodbine was founded on the mainland as an agriculture settlement for Russian Jews who fled religious persecution. From 1894 until 1945, South Cape May existed as an independent borough until it was largely destroyed by the 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane. In 1906, the eastern coastal boundary of Cape May County was established at a point 3 nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.5 km) east of the coast. The last municipalities to be established were Wildwood Crest (in 1910), Stone Harbor (in 1914), and West Wildwood (in 1920). In 1928, North Cape May was founded, but was dissolved in 1945 after it failed to attract development following the Great Depression.
During World War II, Cape May Canal was built to connect the Delaware Bay and Cape May Harbor, completed in March 1943. The completion of the Garden State Parkway in 1955 brought hundreds of thousands of tourists, as well as a larger year-round population. Since the 1970s, the mainland has become more developed, due to the high cost of building on the barrier islands. Commercial development concentrated along U.S. Route 9 in Rio Grande, Cape May Court House, and Marmora. Concurrent with the 1980 Presidential election, Cape May County residents voted in favor to create a new state of South Jersey, along with five other counties in a nonbinding referendum.
Cape May County is 29 mi (47 km) long and 15 mi (24 km) at its widest. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 620.42 square miles (1,606.9 km2), including 251.42 square miles (651.2 km2) of land (40.5%) and 368.99 square miles (955.7 km2) of water (59.5%). The county is located about 150 mi (240 km) south of New York City, 80 mi (130 km) southeast of Philadelphia, and 150 mi (240 km) east of Washington, D.C. To the south and east of the county is the Atlantic Ocean. The location near water provides milder temperatures than surrounding areas, as well as a continuous breeze, which contribute to the area's tourism-driven economy. Sea level along the coast is the lowest point. The highest elevation is found at three areas in Belleplain State Forest in the county's northern corner, which are approximately 60 ft (18 m) above sea level.
Overall, the county is flat and coastal. Much of Cape May County lays on the Cape May Peninsula, which is part of the Atlantic coastal plain. The peninsula is bounded to the west by the Delaware Bay, and to the east is 1.5 to 3 mi (2.4 to 4.8 km) of marshes and water channels making up the Intracoastal Waterway. There are over 1,574 mi (2,533 km) of streams and rivers in the county, with the Great Egg Harbor River and its tributaries covering the northern portion of the county. There are also 24,150 acres (9,770 ha) of ponds, lakes, bays, and reservoirs. There are five barrier islands, measuring 32 mi (51 km) in total, that are adjacent to the mainland. The islands have gently-sloped beaches and are largely built up. There were only barrier four islands from 1922, when Turtle Gut Inlet was filled in to create Wildwood Crest, until 1945, when Cape May Canal was constructed through the southern portion of the county.
Cape May County borders the following counties:
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – north
- Cumberland County, New Jersey – northwest
- Kent County, Delaware - west¹
- Sussex County, Delaware - southwest¹
¹ across Delaware Bay; no land border
|Cape May Court House, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Given its maritime influence and southernmost location within New Jersey, Cape May County has a more moderate climate than surrounding areas. During the summer, the county is often 3–5 degrees cooler, and 5–10 degrees warmer in the winter. Much of the county is in USDA plant hardiness zone 7a/7b, with a small portion in the county's northwestern extreme in zone 6b. This equates to an average annual minimum temperature of 0 to 10 °F (−18 to −12 °C). The average temperatures in the county seat of Cape May Court House range from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1942 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1993. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.91 inches (74 mm) in June to 4.68 inches (119 mm) in August, and annual precipitation is around 40 in (1,000 mm). The region typically gets 10 to 15 in (250 to 380 mm) of snowfall each year, much less than the mountains of New Jersey. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Cape May County has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), one of the northernmost locations in the United States to be classified as such. The county has windy conditions throughout the year.
Owing to its location along the coast, Cape May County has experienced the effects of tropical cyclones for centuries. In Whale Beach on Ludlam Island, core samples suggested the passage of an intense hurricane sometime between 1278 and 1438. The next significant hurricane in the area was September 3, 1821. Around 1800 UTC (2:00 PM local time), the eye of the hurricane crossed over Cape May, estimated as a Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale. It is estimated that an identical hurricane to the 1821 storm would cause over $1 billion in damage in Cape May County, and $107 billion in damage nationwide. The Gale of 1878 flooded Cape May County and produced 84 mph (135 km/h) winds. During the passage of Hurricane Gloria in 1985, Ocean City recorded a wind gust of 101 mph (162 km/h). Former Hurricane Sandy struck the state on October 31, causing at least $150 million in damage in the county from its high winds and high tides. At the terminal for the Cape May–Lewes Ferry in North Cape May, Sandy produced the highest tide on record at 8.9 ft (2.7 m), surpassing the previous record of 8.8 ft (2.7 m) set by Hurricane Gloria.
Cape May County has experienced a variety of other weather effects. In March 1962, a stalled coastal storm produced several days of extremely high tides along the barrier islands, which damaged the boardwalks of Cape May, Avalon, and Sea Isle City. The 1991 Perfect Storm produced high tides and beach erosion. In January 2016, a blizzard nicknamed "Winter Storm Jonas" produced record high tides in the county, reaching 9.0 ft (2.7 m) at the terminal for Cape May–Lewes Ferry, surpassing that of Hurricane Sandy. Nearly every municipality in the county reported damage, and in coastal towns, the beaches were severely eroded. Since 1997, only one tornado has touched down in the county – a weak F0 that was on the ground for 317 ft (97 m) in Middle Township.
Flora and fauna
The uplands, wetlands, and open waters of the county support one of the largest concentration of migratory birds in North America. Nearly 900,000 migratory birds were observed in 1995 in Avalon. Along the Delaware Bay, 800,000 to 1.5 million birds pass through the area each spring. In 1947, the Stone Harbor Bird Sanctuary was established, which was designated as a National Natural Landmark in 1965. In addition to the 151 species of birds that frequent the county, there are two species of whales, the loggerhead sea turtle, the northern pine snake, two species of treefrog, and the tiger salamander that inhabit the waters of Cape May County. Eight species of fish and four species of shellfish populate the coastal waters.
About 30% of the county is covered by forests that runs the length of the Cape May peninsula and connects with the Pinelands. The largely unfragemented forest provides breeding grounds for the barred owl, red-shouldered hawk, and wood thrush, and also provides habitat for insects and migratory birds. In the county's swampy interior, there are over 20 species of trees and 40 species of shrubs. About 42% of the county consists of wetlands. The marshes between the mainland and the barrier island are dominated by the common reed, narrow-leaved cattail, bulrushes, and smooth cordgrass. Along the beach, the American beachgrass predominantly make up dune systems, along with other plant species.
The county utilizes five underground aquifers, including two that derive from the Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer. Severe storms resulted in saltwater intrusion of the county's freshwater supply. The suitable growing conditions led to West Cape May considering itself the "lima bean capital of the world", until Guatemala surpassed it in the 1990s. The city still hosts an annual lima bean festival.
The oldest rocks in the county are at a depth of 5,000 ft (1,500 m), formed during the Precambrian era. These metamorphic rocks included gneiss, quartzite, and schist. During the Paleozoic era, the region was part of a mountainous landmass that extended from the Arctic to Mexico. Erosion during the Triassic and Jurassic periods formed valleys that gathered sediment, which deposited and layered as the coastline receded and rose. In the Paleocene and Eocene epochs, as well as the later Miocene epoch, the area that is now now Cape May County was under water. The coastline receded again during the Quaternary period.
During the Sangamonian interglacial period, melting glaciers formed rivers that carried sediment to the coast. The Bridgeton Formation deposited silt and clay through a fluvial process, while the later Cape May Formation deposited sand, silt, clay, and gravel. The Great Egg Harbor River in its formative stage produced a delta that covered much of what is now Cape May County with sediment. During the most recent ice age (Wisconsin glaciation), the sea level dropped to 430 ft (130 m) below its current depth. Around 14,000 years ago, glaciers began melting, and the barrier islands of Cape May County formed, likely from spits and lines of dunes.
As of 2015, 49% of the lands in Cape May County were preserved open space. On November 9, 1989, the voters of Cape May County approved the Open Space Preservation Tax, which generates $4.9 million each year. Since then, the program spent $65 million to preserve open space, farmlands, and historic sites.
Belleplain State Forest was established in 1928 in northwestern Cape May County and adjacent Cumberland County, and consists of 21,254 acres (8,601 ha) of young pine, oak, and Atlantic white cedar trees. Corson's Inlet State Park was established in 1969 near the southern end of Ocean City to protect and preserve one of the last undeveloped areas of land along the New Jersey coastline. Cape May Point State Park was established at the southern end of the county in 1974, having been previously used as a military base until the Ash Wednesday Storm of 1962 damaged the facility. There are 10 wildlife management areas in the county, including Peaslee, which extends into neighboring Cumberland County, and Tuckahoe/MacNamara, which extends into neighboring Atlantic County.
In 1942, a 40 acres (16 ha) area of wooded land was donated to the county, which housed the 4-H fair. In November 1962, county residents approved a referendum to create a park commission, which was established in 1967 to maintain the county's parks. The lands donated in 1942 became Park Central, and is now over 200 acres (81 ha). In 1978, the Cape May County Park & Zoo was created within Park Central, which houses 250 species of animals. Nearby Cape May County Park East has basketball and tennis courts. Park North is the Richard M. Cameron Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Palermo. Park South is the Fishing Creek Wildlife Preserve, which is 1,700 acres (690 ha) of wetlands and trails. The 93 acres (38 ha) undeveloped Great Sound State Park is in Middle Township.
In 1978, the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve became the first National Reserve in the United States, a 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha) region of South Jersey that spans seven counties, including Cape May. The act, and additional legislation from the New Jersey legislature, created the Pinelands Commission, which manages the growth in the Pine Barrens, and coordinates federal, state, and local governments. Each county appoints a commissioner, and since January 2018, Woodbine mayor William Pikolycky has represented the county. From 1988 until 2011, the National Park Service operated the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route, which promoted awareness and protection of nearly 300 mi (480 km) of New Jersey coastline. In 1989, the Cape May National Wildlife Refuge was established from lands purchased by the Nature Conservancy, and has grown in size since its establishment.
|Historical sources: 1790-1990|
1970-2010 2000 2010
As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 93,553, making it the state's second-least populous county. This continued a trend of declining population since 1990, representing a 3.9% decrease from the 97,265 people counted in the 2010 United States Census, which in turn was a decrease of 5,061 (-4.9%) from the 102,326 people enumerated in the 2000 Census. Much of the decline occurred on the barrier islands. During the summer, the population of the county increases significantly to 763,940 as of 2010. Much of the summertime increase was on the barrier islands, where year-round residents represented only 7% of the estimated 500,000 people.
The county's median age was 48.1 as of 2013, with 22.7% of residents 65 years of age or older, and 18.3% of residents under 18. Also as of 2013, about 93% of the county's residents were White, 6% were Black or African American, and 1.3% were Asian American. Hispanics of any race made up 6.7% of county residents. About 4.8% of the county's population was born outside of the United States. Around 17.5% of the county lived in rural areas.
As of the 2010 Census, there were 98,365 houses in the county, of which only 42% were occupied year round. There are 47 campgrounds with 17,999 campsites, greater than the number of campsites in all other counties in the state combined. There are also 18,700 hotel rooms in the county. The median household income of the county was $57,168 as of 2013, the fourth-lowest of New Jersey's 21 counties. About 10% of residents live below the federal poverty line. The county ranked last in the state in terms of residents with Assets Limited, Income Constrained, and Employed (ALICE), representing nearly one-third of the county's residents.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 97,265 people, 40,812 households, and 25,956 families residing in the county. The population density was 386.9 per square mile (149.4/km2). There were 98,309 housing units at an average density of 391 per square mile (151/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.83% (87,369) White, 4.69% (4,565) Black or African American, 0.21% (205) Native American, 0.86% (834) Asian, 0.04% (36) Pacific Islander, 2.47% (2,399) from other races, and 1.91% (1,857) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.22% (6,054) of the population.
There were 40,812 households out of which 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 92.4 males.
Cape May County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for vote as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members. In 2016, freeholders were paid $17,973 and the freeholder director was paid an annual salary of $18,973.
- Freeholder Director Gerald M. Thornton (Republican Party, Cape May Court House in Middle Township; term as freeholder expires December 31, 2019, term as freeholder director ends 2018)
- Freeholder Vice-Director Leonard C. Desiderio (R, Sea Isle City; term as freeholder and as freeholder vice-director ends 2018)
- E. Marie Hayes (R. Ocean City; 2019)
- Will Morey (R, Wildwood Crest; 2020)
- Jeffrey L. Pierson (R. Upper Township; 2020)
Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term). Cape May County's Constitutional Officers are:
- County Clerk Rita Marie Fulginiti (R, 2020, Ocean City)
- Sheriff Robert Nolan (R, 2020, Lower Township)
- Surrogate Dean Marcolongo (R, 2022, Upper Township)
Cape May County, along with Atlantic County, is part of Vicinage 1 of New Jersey Superior Court. Atlantic County has a civil courthouse in Atlantic City, while criminal cases are heard in Mays Landing; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 1 is Julio L. Mendez.
The county lies entirely within the 1st Legislative District. For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland).
As of October 31, 2014, there were a total of 67,972 registered voters in Cape May County, of whom 26,525 (39%) were registered as Republicans, 13,534 (19.9%) were registered as Democrats and 27,850 (41%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 63 voters registered to other parties. Among the county's 2010 Census population, 69.9% were registered to vote, including 81.1% of those ages 18 and over.
The primary job sectors in Cape May County are related to hotel accommodation, food service, retail, health care/aide, arts/entertainment, and construction. Historically, Cape May County's economy was driven by whaling and farming, until seasonal resorts were built in the 19th century. These industries remain a part of the county's job sector, along with agritourism, and around 30,000 people in the private industry. The largest employer is Morey's Piers, which hires 1,500 people. Cape Regional Medical Center hires over 1,000 people. More than 10,000 people are in the hospitality sector. As of February 2018, the unemployment rate in Cape May County was 14.3%, significantly more than the 5.2% unemployment rate in August 2017. Each year, the unemployment rate peaks in the wintertime and drops in the summertime, reflective of the county's dependence on seasonal tourism-driven jobs. As of February 2018, Cape May County had the worst unemployment rate in New Jersey, followed by neighboring Atlantic and Cumberland counties.
As of 2015, the tourism industry generated about $6 billion worth of income in Cape May County, representing 56.6% of county employment. Retail, food, and beverage represented $2.6 billion, while camping and lodging represented about $2.4 billion in expenditures. Recreational activities generated $708 million in expenditures. Eco-tourism generated $670 million, and transportation costs were $390 million. There is little heavy industry in the county due to environmental concerns.
The majority of Cape May County's industry is tourism, due to its beaches and location between the Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. During the summer season (which traditionally ranges from Memorial Day to Labor Day), tourists often outnumber locals 9 to 1. As of 2010, the four largest markets for tourism in Cape May County were Greater Philadelphia, North Jersey, New York, and the Canadian province of Québec.
In addition to sales tax, hotel occupancy tax and other assessments charged throughout the state, tourism-related business in North Wildwood, Wildwood and Wildwood Crest, such as hotels and restaurants, are required to collect an additional 2% tourism sales tax that is used to cover costs for promoting tourism.
Canadian tourists typically visit Cape May County over the summer. In 1991, Canadian tourism into Cape May County remained strong despite an economic recession occurring in Canada. As of 1993, most Canadian tourists to the county were Francophones, who typically began their visits during the final two weeks of the month of July, when many Canadians working in the construction and garment sectors receive two-week paid time off. Most of the French Canadian tourists who visit Cape May County stay in hotels in The Wildwoods or campgrounds on the mainland. In the 1990s, Cape May County established its first international tourism office in Montréal, along St. Catherine's Street, but closed it around 1995, due to budget cuts. By 2010 the tourism office of Cape May County established a French language coupon booklet. In 2010, Cape May County tourism director estimated that 13% of visitors to the region originated from Quebec.
Beach tags are required for beach access in some of the most popular beaches and are collected under the terms of a 1955 state law that allows oceanfront municipalities to charge "reasonable fees" for providing safety and maintenance at the beaches. The highest seasonal beach tag fee in the county was $35. The sale of daily, weekly and seasonal tags is a major source of revenue for the communities, with the six beachfront communities in Cape May County that charge for beach tags generating $10 million in revenue in 2016. Ocean City brought in $4.1 million in revenue in the 2016 season, the most of any municipality in the state. In the 2017 budget, the projected $4.1 million in fees for beach tag and $3 million for parking were two of Ocean City's biggest revenue sources, accounting for almost 9% of the city's annual budget of almost $80 million. Cape May City, with revenue of $2.2 million, was ranked third in the state. Four of the five municipalities in the state with guarded oceanfront beaches available with free public access are in the county, including Strathmere in Upper Township and the Wildwoods communities of North Wildwood, Wildwood and Wildwood Crest.
Fishing and farming
Fishing has been an important industry in Cape May County since at least the 17th century, when the county's first European settlement was founded as a whaling village. In 1693, whaling proved such a successful industry that colonial Governor Andrew Hamilton instituted a 10% tax on whale products. By the mid-1700s, overfishing had diminished the whale population in the region. In the early 1800s, shipbuilding was an important industry, which declined by the 1850s. Fishing remains an important aspect of Cape May County's economy. In 2016, the combined port of Cape May and Wildwood ranked the ninth largest commercial fishing port in the United States as measured by monetary value, as well as the second largest on the east coast, only after New Bedford. Fishermen brought in 47 million lbs (21 million kg) of seafood, mainly scallops, worth $85 million (2016 USD). This was up from $73.7 million in 2009, when the overall market value of the port was estimated at $442 million, making it the fourth most valuable port in the country. In the 1980s, the scallop industry was worth only $15 million in the state of New Jersey. In 1990, laws limiting the catch and area of scallops led to a healthier and steadier population to harvest, which allowed for growth in the industry. Cold Spring Fish and Supply Company provides 500 jobs and is the county's third-largest employer.
Farming became an important industry in the county by the 19th century, when nearly 70,000 acres (28,000 ha), or about 40% of the county's land area, was involved in farming. The industry's popularity led to the first freight railroad in 1863, and continued to be a fixture of the county's economy until the 1960s.
Breweries, distilleries, and wineries
Cape May Brewing Company opened in 2011 at the Cape May Airport, and by 2015 was the third-largest brewer in New Jersey. Tuckahoe Brewing also opened in 2011 in Ocean View, but moved to a bigger facility in Egg Harbor Township in neighboring Atlantic County in 2015. In 2015, Slack Tide Brew opened in Clermont. In 2016, Ludlam Island Brewery opened in the former location of Tuckahoe Brewing, after originally seeking to open the facility in Sea Isle City. Also in 2016, Cold Spring Brewing began operations out of a barn from 1804, as part of Historic Cold Spring Village, and 7 Mile Brewery opened in Cape May Court House. In 2017, Avalon Brew Pub opened in Avalon, and Bucket Brigade Brewery opened in Cape May Court House. Mudhen Brewery opened in Wildwood in April 2018.
The first distillery to open in the county since the prohibition era was Lazy Eye Distillery, which opened a second facility in Wildwood in 2015 after opening its first facility in Atlantic County in 2014. In the same year, Cape May Distillery opened in Green Creek. In 2017, Nauti Spirits opened in Cape May on a 60 acres (24 ha) farm.
In 2007, the New Jersey Department of Agriculture designated Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, and Ocean counties as the Outer Coastal Plain American Viticultural Area (AVA) in 2007, recognizing the area as well-suited for grape growing. In late 2014, local wineries sought for a distinct Cape May Peninsula AVA. As of 2015, there were six wineries in the county. Cape May Winery & Vineyard opened in 1995 in North Cape May as the first commercial winery in the county. Turdo Vineyards & Winery opened to the public in North Cape May in 2004. Natali Vineyards opened in 2007 in the Goshen section of Middle Township. In 2009, Hawk Haven Vineyard & Winery opened to the public in the Rio Grande section of Lower Township. In 2012, Jessie Creek Winery opened in Cape May Court House, and in the same year, Willow Creek Winery opened in West Cape May.
Human resources and utilities
There are 25 public elementary or middle schools in Cape May County, including two in Avalon and Stone Harbor (consolidated school district since 2011), one in Cape May, two in Dennis Township, five in Lower Township, three in Middle Township, one in North Wildwood, two in Ocean City, three in Upper Township, one in West Cape May, three in Wildwood, one in Wildwood Crest, and one in Woodbine. The following high schools are in the county: Cape May County Technical High School, Lower Cape May Regional High School, Middle Township High School, Ocean City High School, and Wildwood High School. There are also eight private schools in the county, including Wildwood Catholic High School.
As of 2013, 31% of county residents had at least bachelor's degree, and 89.7% had at least a high school diploma. In 1973, Atlantic Community College began offering night classes at Middle Township High School. In 1999, the college name was formally changed to Atlantic Cape Community College, and a full service campus was opened in 2005 in Cape May Court House. The community college has partnerships with Fairleigh Dickinson University, Rutgers University, and Stockton University.
The Cape May County Library has locations in Cape May, Cape May Court House, Lower Township, Stone Harbor, Sea Isle, Upper Township, Wildwood Crest, and Woodbine, as well as a bookmobile. Ocean City also has its own independent library.
Health and police services
Cape Regional Medical Center opened as Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital in 1950, keeping that name until 2007. It is the only hospital in the county. The facility has expanded over time since its foundation, and now has 242 beds, with a staff of 1,060 people, to service the population and tourists in the county. AtlantiCare opened two urgent care centers in the county since the 1990s. From 2010 to 2015, opioid prescriptions rose 11%, in terms of the amount of morphine milligram equivalents (MME) per person. This rise was among the top 20% of counties nationally, and the second-highest in New Jersey. In the period from 2011 to 2015, health conditions in the county deteriorated, falling to 19th in a survey of New Jersey's 21 counties for child well-being; only neighboring Cumberland and Atlantic counties were worse. The county mortality rate was 13.7%, the highest in the state, which is largely due to the county's large elderly population.
The current county sheriff is Bob Nolan, elected in 2017 after working in the sheriff's office for 30 years, most recently as undersheriff. The first county sheriff was Benjamin Godfrey in 1692. Aside from maintaining law and order, the sheriff's responsibilities include the sale of property, overseeing the corrections facility, transporting of jurors, and collecting court-ordered judgments. The first county jail was built in 1705 in Middle Township, and the current jail was built in 1977. A new facility is scheduled to be completed in August 2018, at the cost of $37 million. In 2015, Cape May County had 3,332 criminal offenses, the fifth fewest of any county in New Jersey. This represented a crime rate of 35.1 offenses per 1,000 people, and a violent crime rate of 4.7 offenses per 1,000 people.
Beesley's Point Generating Station is a coal-based power plant located in Upper Township that generates 447 megawatts of power each year. The coal plant releases among the most emissions of any New Jersey station, and as 2017 was the only coal generating station in the state. The plant's fuel source was scheduled to be changed to natural gas, pending the construction of the Atlantic Reliability Link through the Pinelands National Reserve. In 2017, the Pinelands Commission approved the proposed 22 mi (35 km) pipeline, which would be built under area roads. In response, the New Jersey Sierra Club and the Pinelands Preservation Alliance sued to stop the construction. Prospective green energy projects include the Deepwater Wind-leased Delaware Wind Energy Area, located about 16 mi (26 km) southeast of Cape May. The prospective wind turbines there are capable of generating 3,500 MW of electricity.
The indigenous population left behind a series of trails across Cape May County by the late 17th century. In 1695, John Somers operated the first ferry service across the Great Egg Harbor Bay to Beesley's Point in Cape May County. Beginning in 1697 and completed in 1707, the residents of Cape May County financed the construction of a road running from Cape May to the ferry in Beesley's Point, and onward to Burlington. Roads were built across the county to connect with the court house, but in low-lying areas these routes were corduroy roads, built from a series of logs. Local businessmen built the Dennis Creek Causeway in 1803, which eventually became NJ 47, which contributed to the growth of towns along the Delaware Bay, although people traveled to the county more often by steamboat.
In August 1863, the Cape May and Millville Railroad opened, connecting the county more quickly to points to the northwest. The railroad shipped freight from the county's many farms, and brought more people to the area, contributing to the development of coastal resorts. Travelers often brought their lunch in shoe boxes, leading to their nickname "shoobies". By 1892, much of the county was accessible by railroad, including all of the barrier islands. A second rail line was added in 1893 that connected Cape May to a branch of the rail line that ran from Atlantic City to Camden. By the 1890s, bicycling became common throughout the county, and bikeriders successfully lobbied the county to build better roads. Between 1900 and 1915, the county government built over 100 miles of gravel roads, a fact promoted in a county promotional brochure, but also the cause of controversies. County engineer N. C. Price was dismissed in 1903 due to accusations of poor building materials and inflated costs, and in 1921, two freeholders were jailed for defrauding the county, resulting in a smaller Board of Freeholders.
In 1916, the New Jersey legislature created the state highway system, taking responsibility for the maintenance and building of major roads. In 1917, the road between Cape May and Seaville became Route 14, which was renumbered Route 4 in 1927, and later U.S. 9 by the 1940s. The road ran the length of the state, and connected Cape May County with Atlantic County via the Beesley's Point Bridge built in 1928. From 1934 to 1946, the Cape May County Bridge Commission issued bonds and secured funding for five toll bridges to connect the barrier islands with each other. By the 1950s, state routes 47, 49, 50, 52, and 83 were established, connecting various municipalities.
In 1956, the Great Egg Harbor Bridge opened, connecting the county with Atlantic County and points north and west via the Garden State Parkway. A parallel bridge carrying northbound traffic of the Garden State Parkway opened in 1973. The road brings hundreds of thousands of people to the county during the summertime. The parkway passes through the length of the county, and has its southern terminus, known as Exit Zero, in Lower Township, connecting with U.S. Route 9. Further transportation connections were made after the Cape May–Lewes Ferry began operation in 1964, which can carry up to 100 cars and 800 people on its fleet of five boats. In 1971, Route 147 replaced county routes for the roadway from North Wildwood to U.S. 9, and in the same year, Route 162 was established for a new bridge over the Cape May Canal. In 1972, U.S. 9 was relocated from its southern terminus in Cape May to the ferry; the former route was redesignated Route 109. Route 347 was designated in the 1990s as an alternate route to Route 47.
The county has a total of 1,036.15 miles (1,667.52 km) of roadways, of which 730.07 miles (1,174.93 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 200.98 miles (323.45 km) by Cape May County, 74.18 miles (119.38 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 30.92 miles (49.76 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority. There are 23 bridges owned by the county, including a series of causeways and bridges connecting the five barrier islands to the mainland.
There is limited public transportation within the county. The ensuing traffic congestion during summer months causes roadway congestion. NJ Transit buses operate the following lines in and out of the county: 313, 315, 316, 319, 507, 509, 510, and 552. The Great American Trolley Company operates private trolleys in Cape May, the Wildwoods, and Ocean City. The county also has a Fare Free Transportation system for limited populations. There are three airports in the county. The oldest is Ocean City Municipal Airport, opened in 1937. In 1941, Cape May Airport opened about 5 mi (8.0 km) north of Cape May, originally as Naval Air Station Wildwood. Woodbine Municipal Airport opened in 1945.
Municipalities in Cape May County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area; along with communities within each municipalities for which census-designated places are noted with their population) are:
(with map key)
|Permanent Population||Summer Population||Housing
|Cape May (3)||city||3,607||45,874||4,155||2.74||0.34||2.40||1,500.6||1,728.5|
|Cape May Point (1)||borough||291||4,100||619||0.31||0.02||0.30||984.5||2,094.2|
|Dennis Township (14)||township||6,467||37,339||2,672||64.33||3.53||60.80||106.4||43.9||Belleplain CDP (597)|
|Lower Township (16)||township||22,866||99,786||14,507||31.01||3.27||27.74||824.3||523.0||Diamond Beach CDP (136)|
Erma CDP (2,134)
North Cape May CDP (3,226)
Villas CDP (1,483)
|Middle Township (15)||township||18,911||71,321||9,296||82.96||12.62||70.33||268.9||132.2||Burleigh CDP (725)|
Cape May Court House CDP (5,338)
Rio Grande CDP (2,670)
Whitesboro CDP (2,205)
|North Wildwood (7)||city||4,041||70,118||8,840||2.13||0.38||1.75||2,305.8||5,044.1|
|Ocean City (11)||city||11,701||139,654||20,871||10.80||4.46||6.33||1,847.7||3,295.7|
|Sea Isle City (10)||city||2,114||44,820||6,900||2.53||0.36||2.17||974.5||3,180.8|
|Stone Harbor (8)||borough||866||22,528||3,247||1.96||0.56||1.40||619.6||2,323.3|
|Upper Township (13)||township||12,373||45,940||6,341||68.69||6.54||62.15||199.1||102.0||Beesley's Point|
Strathmere CDP (158)
|West Cape May (2)||borough||1,024||8,590||1.18||0.01||1.17||878.8||895.1|
|West Wildwood (6)||borough||603||7,468||893||0.35||0.07||0.28||2,188.4||3,240.9|
|Wildwood Crest (4)||borough||3,270||54,633||5,569||1.31||0.18||1.13||2,884.0||4,911.6|
- Kevin Bramble, disabled ski racer, freeskier, and monoski designer and builder
- Chris Ford, basketball player and coach
- Greg Fulginiti, recording and mastering engineer
- Joy Bright Hancock, one of the first women officers in the United States Navy
- Thomas Millet Hand, Republican Party politician who represented New Jersey's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives 1945-1957
- Mary O'Hara Alsop, author, pianist and composer
- Gregory Goodwin Pincus, biologist and researcher; co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill
- Charles W. Sandman Jr. (1921-1985), politician who represented Cape May in the New Jersey State Senate, 1956–66; represented the 2nd district in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1967–75; candidate for Governor of New Jersey, 1973
- Witmer Stone (1866-1939), ornithologist and author of Bird Studies at Old Cape May
- Gay Talese (born 1932), author
- Andrew J. Tomlin (1845-1906), American Civil War Medal of Honor recipient and County Sheriff from Goshen; buried in Goshen Methodist Cemetery
- Harriet Tubman (c. 1822-1913), African-American abolitionist who helped liberate scores of slaves through the Underground Railroad; worked in a Cape May hotel around 1850
- Frank Vogel (born 1973), Head Coach of the Orlando Magic
- New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
- DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 26, 2016.
- QuickFacts - Cape May County, New Jersey; New Jersey; United States, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 - 2017 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- GCT-PEPANNCHG: Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2016 to July 1, 2017 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2017 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2018.
- "DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cape May County, New Jersey". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- NJ Labor Market Views Archived September 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
- May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed May 29, 2013.
- Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas, Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 28, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 68. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 28, 2015.
- John P. Snyder (1969). The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968 (PDF). Trenton, New Jersey: Bureau of Geology and Topography.
- Robert F. Holden (August 9, 2017). "History of the Ten Villages of Upper Township: The Island Village of Strathmere, Part 1". The Gazette of Upper Township.
- A Brief History of Ocean City New Jersey, Ocean City, New Jersey. Accessed December 23, 2017.
- The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New Jersey (1928). Historic Roadsides of New Jersey. GetNJ.com. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- "Coastal Charts". Historical Background Maps. Princeton University. 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Cape May County Comprehensive Plan (PDF) (Report). Government of Cape May County. 2005. p. 5.
- "Bizarre History of Cape May --Town Bank was once touted as a whaling town". The Gazette of Cape May. August 1, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "Lower Township". Government of Cape May County. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- New Jersey Historic Bridge Survey (PDF). A. G. Lichtenstein & Associates (Report). New Jersey Department of Transportation. September 1994. pp. 117–128. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
- Maser Consulting P.A. (March 17, 2016). Strategic Recovery Planning Report (PDF) (Report). Cape May County Board of Chosen Freeholders. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Al Frazza. "Revolutionary War Sites in Wildwood Crest, New Jersey". Revolutionary War New Jersey. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- "Southern New Jersey and the Delaware Bay: Historic Themes and Resources within the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route". National Park Service. Archived from the original on April 30, 2012.
- Richard Pérez-Peña (August 6, 2010). "Remembering a Town Swallowed by the Sea". New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Jeffery M. Dorwart (1992). Cape May County, New Jersey: The Making of an American Resort Community. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813517841.
- "Bizarre History of Cape May --Cape May Canal's history runs deep". The Gazette of Cape May. June 27, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Erik Larson (March 5, 2016). "South Jersey voted to secede from NJ". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- "2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Joseph Dowhan; Thomas Halavik; Andrew Milliken; Andrew MacLachlan; Marcianna Caplis; Kelly Lima; Andrew Zimba (November 1997). "Cape May Peninsula #1". Significant Habitats and Habitat Complexes of the New York Bight Watershed. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- "Cape May County High Point, New Jersey". Peakbagger.com. November 1, 2004. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
- "The Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet". Wildwood Crest Historical Society. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Areas touching Cape May County". MapIt. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Monthly Averages for Cape May Court House, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Dan Skeldon (May 3, 2015). "Cape May winemakers seek federal distinction as industry grows". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "New Jersey" (JPG). Plant Hardiness Zone Map. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Amy Harris. "The Average Climate of New Jersey". USA Today. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "Koppen Climate Classification for the Conterminous United States". Data.gov. U.S. General Services Administration. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Cape May County Comprehensive Farmland Preservation Plan (PDF) (Report). Cape May County Planning Department. April 21, 2008. p. 85.
- Donnelly J. P.; S. Roll; M. Wengren; J. Butler; R. Lederer; T. Webb III (July 2001). "Sedimentary evidence of intense hurricane strikes from New Jersey". Geology. 29 (7): 615–618. Bibcode:2001Geo....29..615D. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0615:SEOIHS>2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0091-7613. Abstract Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Protectingnewjersey.org (2006). "New Jersey: Exposed and Unprepared". Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- David Roth; Hugh Cobb (May 27, 2000). "Re-Analysis of the Gale of '78 - Storm 9 of the 1878 Hurricane Season". Retrieved April 2, 2018.
- Robert A. Case (July 1, 1986). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1985" (PDF). Monthly Weather Review. American Meteorological Society. 114 (7): 1395. Bibcode:1986MWRv..114.1390C. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1986)114<1390:AHSO>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- High Wind Event for Eastern Cape May County (Report). National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Cape May County (PDF) (Report). Mount Holly, New Jersey National Weather Service. May 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Al Campbell (March 3, 2016). "March 1962 Storm Left Its Mark". Cape May County Herald. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- "The '62 Storm: How Bad Was It?". Cape May County Herald. March 3, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Buchholz, Margaret; Larry Savadove (1993). Great Storms of the Jersey Shore. Down the Shore Publishing. pp. 148–150. ISBN 0-945582-51-X.
- Michael Miller; Nicholas Huba (January 29, 2016). "Jonas' toll: $67 million and counting in Cape May County". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Search Results for Cape May County (Report). National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Tornado Event Details (Report). National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- "The Sanctuary's History". Stone Harbor Bird Sanctuary. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Kenneth Buchhoiz; Ralph E. Good (July 1982). Compendium of New Jersey Pine Barrens Literature (PDF) (Report). Center for Coastal and Environmental Studies. p. 162. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Eric Levin (September 14, 2009). "Happy Harvests". New Jersey Monthly. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Carol S. Lucey (1976). Geology of Cape May County in Brief (PDF) (Report). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
- "Cape May County Open Space Program Guide" (PDF). Cape May County Open Space and Farmland Preservation Program. 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "Bellplain State Forest". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "Corson's Inlet State Park". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection] Division of Parks and Forestry. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Clay Sutton; Patricia Sutton (2006). Birds and Birding at Cape May. Stackpole Books. p. 470. ISBN 978-0-8117-3134-8.
- "Wildlife Management Areas". New Jersey Department of Fish and Wildlife. April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "Cape May County Parks". Government of Cape May County. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
- "History of the Cape May County Park". Cape May County Park & Zoo. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
- Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey: 2004 Edition (Report). Skinder=Strauss Associates. 2004. p. 159. ISBN 1-57741-187-0.
- Transcription of Commission Meeting of State House Commission (PDF) (Report). The New Jersey Office of Legislative Services. June 30, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- "CMP Summary". Pinelands Commission. 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "Commission Members". Pinelands Commission. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route, 2011 Strategic Plan". United States National Park Service. 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "Cape May National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- "U.S. Public Lands". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
- Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Kelly E. Sloane (May 2015). Economic Indicators and Quality of Life in Southern New Jersey (PDF) (Report). Stockton University. p. 9.
- What is a Freeholder?, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed October 23, 2017.
- Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?", NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder director: $18,973; Other freeholders: $17,973"
- Cape May County Freeholders Home Page, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- The Official Cape May County 2018 Directory, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- 2018 County Data Sheet, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Gerald M. Thornton, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Leonard C. Desiderio, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- E. Marie Hayes, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Will Morey, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Jeffrey L. Pierson, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 26, 2017.
- Constitutional Officers, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- County Clerk, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Home Page, Cape May County Sheriff. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Surrogate, Cape May County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
- About Us, Cape May Office of the Prosecutor. Accessed February 17, 2018. "Our current County Prosecutor, Jeffrey H. Sutherland, was sworn into office on December 21st, 2017 as appointed by Governor Chris Christie."
- Atlantic/Cape May Counties, New Jersey Courts. Accessed October 23, 2017.
- 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State, Division of Elections, June 2011. Accessed July 18, 2013.
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 21, 2018.
- District 1 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
- Statewide Voter Registration Summary, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, as of October 31, 2014. Accessed May 11, 2015.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 11, 2015.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results
- Bill Barlow (September 21, 2017). "County Looks to New Industry, Expanded Season to Retain Jobs". Cape May County Herald. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- William Sokolic (May 29, 2016). "Fewer U.S. applicants for summer jobs at Morey's Pier at Jersey Shore". Philly Voice. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- "Unemployment Rate in Cape May County, NJ, retrieved from Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- New Jersey Counties Unemployment Rates - February 2018 (PDF) (Report). New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Diane Wieland (May 5, 2016). 2016 Cape May County Tourism Report (PDF) (Report). Government of Cape May County. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Di Ionno, Mark. "Canadian tourists continue to flock to Wildwoods as vacation destination", The Star-Ledger, August 3, 2010. Accessed July 12, 2015.
- Cape May County Tourism Sales Tax Overview, New Jersey Department of Treasury. Accessed January 24, 2018. "Effective January 1, 2018, businesses in Wildwood, North Wildwood, and Wildwood Crest collect a 2% Cape May Tourism Tax and a 6.625% New Jersey Sales Tax on tourism-related sales (Combined rate, 8.625%) This is in addition to the 1.85% Tourism Assessment and the 3.15% State Occupancy Fee on hotel occupancies."
- Barlas, Thomas. CANADIANS VISITING CAPE DESPITE ECONOMY." Press of Atlantic City, July 24, 1991. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Barlas, Thomas. "Canadian Invasion Spreading / Visitors From Ontario Seeking Info About Cape May, O.C. Vacations", The Press of Atlantic City, July 18, 1993. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- DeAngelis, Martin (March 1, 2016). "Incentives keep French-Canadians filing into area resorts". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Lapusheski, Christine. "Canadian Connection Seeks Warm Reception / New Tourism Head Busy Touting Cape", The Press of Atlantic City, February 28, 1990. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Gilfillian, Trudi. "Canadians invade, to county's delight / Cape May County enjoys influx of tourists", The Press of Atlantic City, August 18, 2009. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Staff. "Cape May, N.J., targets Canadian tourists", USA Today, February 9, 2010. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- St. Martin, Victoria. "More than one third of N.J. beach towns that require beach badges are increasing summer rates", The Star-Ledger, May 26, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2018. "The idea behind a 1955 state law was that towns could 'provide facilities and safeguards for public bathing and recreation,' including lifeguards, by charging 'reasonable fees.'"
- Hawk, Tim. "9 surprising facts you may not have known about N.J. beach tags", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 16, 2017. Accessed January 24, 2018. "From Cape May Point to Brigantine, no seasonal fee is more than $35."
- Hoover, Amanda. "Here's how much money Shore towns raked in off beach badges last summer", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, September 2, 2017. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Ocean City - Revenue: $4.12 million; Price: Daily-$5; Weekly-$10; Seasonal-$25."
- Wittkowski, Donald. "Ocean City's Proposed 2017 Municipal Budget Emphasizes Capital Projects", OCNJ Daily, March 15, 2017. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Ocean City's proposed $79.7 million operating budget reflects a healthy real estate market and should satisfy Wall Street credit-rating agencies, but will require local property owners to pay more in taxes this year, according to the city's chief financial officer.... Ocean City has the ability to tap different sources of revenue – in addition to local property taxes – to finance the operating budget. Beach tag sales and parking operations are two of the biggest revenue generators. The budget forecasts $4.1 million in beach tag sales and $3 million in parking revenue for 2017."
- Spoto, MaryAnn. "Surfers fighting to save dwindling free beaches", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 20, 2015. Accessed January 24, 2018. "New Jersey has five free guarded ocean beaches – Atlantic City, Wildwood, North Wildwood, Wildwood Crest and the Strathmere section of Upper Township."
- Jack Tomczuk (November 26, 2017). "$85 million commercial fishing industry feeds Cape May County economy". The Gazette of Cape May. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- "Region's ports rank highly in NOAA's "Fisheries of the US" report". Commercial Fisheries News. December 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Degener, Richard. "Port of Cape May reels in $73.7M., climbs to fourth in nation", The Press of Atlantic City, July 26, 2009. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Scallop harvests, boosted by federal regulations that close off huge sections of the ocean to let them grow big and plump, helped the port, which includes docks in Lower Township and Wildwood but none actually in Cape May, move from the eighth largest in the country in 2007 to No. 4 in the nation last year."
- "Cape May, NJ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Mary Linehan (August 15, 2012). "Council doubles economic development loan to Cape May Brewing Co". Cape May Gazette. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Alicia Vitarelli (August 20, 2015). "Unique products created ahead of papal visit". 6 ABC. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Felicia Compian (April 16, 2013). "How They Make It: Tuckahoe Brewery shows how to serve up award-winning stout". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Nicholas Huba (October 21, 2015). "Tuckahoe Brewing moves to bigger digs in Egg Harbor Township". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- John Howard-Fusco (2017). Culinary History of Cape May, A: Salt Oysters, Beach Plums & Cabernet Franc. American Palate. pp. 124–125. ISBN 9781626195899. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Chris Castellani (June 27, 2017). "Brew Jersey: Tuckahoe Brewing Co". BestofNJ.com. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "Ludlam Island Brewery". Inglorious Beerstards. February 14, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Camille Sailer (March 3, 2015). "Brew Pubs Rejected, Council Splits 3-2". Cape May County Herald. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- John Roth (Spring 2016). "Tapping into History". Cape May Magazine. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Christopher South (January 19, 2017). "1804 barn fits in, supports Cold Spring Village in Lower Township". The Gazette of Cape May. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "7 Mile Brewery sets grand opening Saturday". The Gazette of Middle Township. August 31, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "At the Shore, a wave of new restaurants". The Philadelphia Inquirer. June 29, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "Extinguish Your Thirst at the New Bucket Brigade Brewery". Cape May County Herald. January 5, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Ryan Laughlin (May 23, 2018). "New spots to get your munch on in South Jersey this summer". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- Michael Miller (June 28, 2015). "New distillery opens in Wildwood". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Michael Miller (May 12, 2015). "Middle Township distillery ready to gin up new business". Press of Atlantic City.
- Drew Lazor (July 27, 2017). "Farm-to-bottle: Craft distillery making vodka from Jersey sweet potatoes at the Shore". The Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "New Jersey Wine Industry". New Jersey Department of Agriculture. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Howard G. Goldberg (August 27, 2000). "A Big Wine Out of a Tiny Vineyard". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Frecon, Jerome L. (May 16, 2013). "Wine Grape Twilight Meeting" (PDF) (Press release). Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 5, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Charlie Toms (September 28, 2013). "Turdo Vineyards Review". American Winery Guide. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Kaitlin Kline (June 22, 2017). "Six South Jersey Wineries to Check Out This Summer". SNJ Today. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "About Avalon Stone Harbor Schools". Avalon Stone Harbor Schools. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Cape May City Elementary School". Cape May City Elementary School. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Schools". Dennis Township School Districts. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Lower Township Elementary Schools Student–Parent Handbook" (PDF). Lower Township Elementary School District. September 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Richard M. Teitelman Middle School Performance Report" (PDF). Lower Cape May Regional School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Welcome to Middle Township". Middle Township Public Schools. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Schools". North Wildwood School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Schools". Ocean City School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "School Information". The School District of Upper Township. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Mission Statement". West Cape May School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Schools". Wildwood City School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Board of Education Statement". Crest Memorial School. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Woodbine Elementary School". Woodbine School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "About Us". Cape May County Technical School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Lower Cape May Regional High School Performance Report" (PDF). Lower Cape May Regional School District. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Cape May County Private Schools". Private School Review. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "From Dream to Reality: A Timeline". Atlantic Cape Community College. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- "Bachelor's Degree Programs at Atlantic Cape". Atlantic Cape Community College. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- "Library Locations". Cape May County Library. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- "Ocean City Free Public Library". City of Ocean City, New Jersey. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- Michael Miller (July 11, 2011). "Opening of Cape Regional Medical Center's renovated ICU continues growth trend at South Jersey hospitals". Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- Cindy Kraemer (February 12, 2015). "Cape Regional Medical Center" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Health. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- "Locations & Hours". AtlantiCare. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Ken Serrano (January 8, 2018). "Opioid prescriptions in NJ 2010-2015: Cape May County". Asbury Park Press.
- Emily Leaman (June 6, 2016). "Report: Cape May Among Worst New Jersey Counties for Kids' Health, Wellbeing". Philly Magazine. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- Carla Astudillo (March 31, 2018). "Why living in South Jersey could take years off your life, explained". NJ.com. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
- Donald Wittkowski (November 8, 2017). "Nolan Wins as CMC Sheriff; Morey, Pierson Win in CMC Freeholder Race; Van Drew in Senate". OCNJDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- "History of the Sheriff's Office". Cape May County Sheriff's Office. August 30, 2017. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- Al Campbell (February 18, 2018). "Jail's Price Tag Now $38.5 Million; Inmates Could Have Grabbed Sprinklers". Cape May County Herald. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- John DeRosier (April 27, 2018). "Cape May County set to unveil new, state-of-the-art jail". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Al Campbell (May 25, 2018). "Jail Project Adds $500,000; Work Extended 159 Days". Cape May County Herald. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- S.P. Sullivan (May 2, 2017). "Where does crime happen in N.J.? A county-by-county look". NJ.com. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- "B.L. England Generating Station". Rockland Capital. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- James M. O'Neill (May 31, 2017). "2 N.J. coal power plants close for good, ensuring cleaner air". Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Tom Johnson (April 17, 2017). "Coal-fired B.L. England power plant to stay in service 2 more years". Philadelphia Business Journal.
- David O'Reilly. "Along the hotly disputed Pinelands pipeline's path, hopes, fears, and doubts". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Michelle Brunetti (February 24, 2017). "Pinelands Commission approves SJ Gas pipeline". Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Al Campbell (April 13, 2018). "Freeholders Learn Potential Wind Turbine Farms Offer". Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "New Jersey State Historic Sites". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. January 3, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- Early History of Cape May County (PDF). 1857. pp. 169–170.
- "1872: County Wall Map". Nova Caesarea: A Cartographic Record of the Garden State 1666-1888. Princeton University. 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- Susan Tischler. "The Excursionists: A Ticket to Success". Cape May Magazine. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- Jeffery M. Dorwart. Cape May County, New Jersey: The Making of an American Resort Community. pp. 201–202.
- 1917 Annual Report (Report). New Jersey Department of Transportation. 1917.
- 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Mid-West Map Co. 1941. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
- Lee Procida (December 19, 2012). "Closed bridge ties Beesleys Point to the quiet life". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Bridge History". Government of Cape May County, New Jersey. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- "1953 renumbering". New Jersey Department of Highways. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- "The Garden State Parkway Crossing the Great Egg Harbor Bay" (PDF). New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
- Michael Miller (March 2, 2011). "Parkway to replace southbound Great Egg Harbor bridge; demolition pushed for Beesleys Point Bridge". Press of Atlantic City.
- "Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. January 1997. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- "Gotta Gripe? The Mystery of a Road at Grassy Sound". The Courier-Post. July 20, 1972. p. 3. Retrieved December 13, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- National Bridge Inventory (2008). Structure Number: ++++++++0513150 (2008 ed.). Washington D.C.: United States Department of Transportation.
- U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee (November 11, 1972). "U.S. Route Numbering Committee Agenda" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway Officials. p. 427. Retrieved October 16, 2014 – via Wikimedia Commons.
- United States-Canada-Mexico Road Atlas (Map). Rand McNally. 1996.
- "Cape May County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. July 2015. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
- "313 315 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "316 510 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "319 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "507 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "509 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "552 Timetable" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "Local Transit Trolley Service". Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "26N Ocean City Municipal Airport". AirNav, LLC. March 29, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- R.A. Wiedemann & Associates, Inc. (November 2008). "Cape May County Airport Business Plan" (PDF). Delaware River and Bay Authority.
- "KOBI Woodbine Municipal Airport". AirNav, LLC. March 29, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- Commuting in the United States: 2009 - American Community Survey Reports, United States Census Bureau, September 2011. Accessed March 7, 2018.
- "GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Cape May County, New Jersey". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 11, 2015.
- Kerr, Peter. "EX-REP. CHARLES SANDMAN. NIXON SUPPORTER, DIES", The New York Times, August 27, 1985. Accessed May 21, 2016. " Charles W. Sandman, a New Jersey Superior Court judge and former United States Representative who was one of President Richard M. Nixon's strongest supporters during Congressional impeachment hearings in 1974, died Monday at Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital in Cape May Court House, N.J., after suffering a stroke Aug. 18. He was 64 and lived in Erma Park, N.J."
- Shelly, Kevin C. "Closing a Chapter; Gay Talese didn't want to leave his Ocean City home, but his wife gave him little choice. Now the famed writer bids a sad farewell to the Shore.", New Jersey Monthly, June 13, 2011. Accessed May 21, 2016. "Nan Talese makes her way down the stairs of the century-old Ocean City home she has shared for 44 years with her husband, the writer Gay Talese."
- Sheriffs Of Cape May County Archived March 27, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Cape May County Sheriff's Office. Accessed May 21, 2016.
- Stevens, Lewis Townsend. The History of Cape May County, New Jersey: From the Aboriginal Times to the Present Day, p. 401. L.T. Stevens, 1897. Accessed May 21, 2016. "Andrew J. Tomlin, of Goshen, was in 1895 elected Sheriff for a three-year term."
- Dorwart, Jeffrey M. (1992). Cape May County, New Jersey: the Making of an American Resort Community. Rutgers University Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-8135-1784-2.
- via Associated Press. "Magic hire Wildwood Crest native Frank Vogel as new coach" Archived June 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., The Press of Atlantic City, May 20, 2016. Accessed May 21, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cape May County, New Jersey.|