Origin of the place name. In the records of Samuel de Champlain during 1604, the following was written (translated from the original French): "There is a harbour very good for vessels, and the head of it has a little river, which runs from a distance inland, which I named the port Cape Negro, on account of a rock which at a distance resembles one, four leagues from it and four from Port Mouton. The cape is very dangerous on account of the rocks."
The first mention of permanent European habitation was that of a French Priest in 1635. What remain of the 1671 French census indicates a family of seven (Amand Lalloue) living in Cape Negro, with a farm which included grain, peas and other vegetables as well as sizeable herds of goats and pigs. Several Mi'kmaq families with children lived in Cape Negro, at least during the summer.
Practically all of the Acadians were expelled by the English / New England military forces by 1758, and the New England Planters began to settle the formerly Acadian farmland by 1760-1761. The earliest New England Planters in Cape Negro were: Peleg Coffin, Sacco Barnes, Timothy Bryant, Samuel Knowles.
Although there was at one time a Cape Negro school and community hall, all that remains today are the Cape Negro Church (current building built 1853) and adjacent cemeteries (Seaview Cemetery, 1770. Hillside Cemetery, 1958). The remnants of the canal built at the Hawl Over also remain. The Cape Negro Church has the distinction of having Freeborn Garrettson as one of its first ministers.