Cape Pembroke

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This article is about the cape in the Falkland Islands. For the cape in Canada, see Cape Pembroke (Nunavut).

Cape Pembroke (Spanish: Cabo San Felipe)[1] is the easternmost point of the Falkland Islands, and is on East Falkland. There is an automated lighthouse here.

Lighthouse[edit]

Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Pembroke Lighthouse.jpg
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse is located in Falkland Islands
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Falkland Islands
Location Cape Pembroke
Falkland Islands
Coordinates 51°40′55″S 57°43′13″W / 51.681834°S 57.720400°W / -51.681834; -57.720400
Year first constructed 1855 (first)
Year first lit 1987 (current)
Deactivated 1982 (first)
Construction cast iron tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern black tower with a horizontal white band, black lantern
Height 18 metres (59 ft) (first)
Focal height 30 metres (98 ft) (current)
Original lens 3rd order Fresnel lens
Characteristic Fl (3) W 20s.
Admiralty number G1352
NGA number 20336
ARLHS number FAL-001
Managing agent Falkland Islands Museum and National Trust[2]

An automated 18 metres (59 ft) lighthouse on Cape Pembroke was built in 1855, and rebuilt in 1906, and was restored in the 1990s. Previously, the nearby Billy Rock offshore had claimed fifteen ships, and there were unlit markers here.

The original light used rape seed oil, but as it burnt a thousand gallons a year, sea lion oil was attempted as a substitute. When it was rebuilt in 1906, it was converted to paraffin and worked by clockwork. After World War II a less romantic structure was built to the east.

A small lighthouse keepers cottage used to stand here. The lighthouse itself, is now a listed building.[3]

Farm and James Smith[edit]

In the late nineteenth century, Cape Pembroke peninsula was a small farm, which the islands' government leased to James Smith of Stanley. There were few such small farms in the islands and James Smith was ardent in his support of agrarian reform.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Falkland Islands". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 17, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Falkland Islands Information Web Portal". Buildings and Structures in the Falkland Islands designated as being of Architectural or Historic Interest. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 


Coordinates: 51°40′56″S 57°43′08″W / 51.6823°S 57.7190°W / -51.6823; -57.7190