Cape Pembroke

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Cape Pembroke (Spanish: Cabo San Felipe)[1] is the easternmost point of the Falkland Islands, and is on East Falkland. There is an automated lighthouse here.

Lighthouse[edit]

Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Pembroke Lighthouse.jpg
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse is located in Falkland Islands
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Cape Pembroke Lighthouse
Falkland Islands
LocationCape Pembroke
Falkland Islands
Coordinates51°40′55″S 57°43′13″W / 51.681834°S 57.720400°W / -51.681834; -57.720400
Year first constructed1855 (first)
Year first lit1987 (current)
Deactivated1982 (first)
Constructioncast iron tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternblack tower with a horizontal white band, black lantern
Tower height18 metres (59 ft) (first)
Focal height30 metres (98 ft) (current)
Original lens3rd order Fresnel lens
Range10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi)
CharacteristicFl (3) W 20s.
Admiralty numberG1352
NGA number20336
ARLHS numberFAL-001
Managing agentFalkland Islands Museum and National Trust[2]

An automated 18 metres (59 ft) lighthouse on Cape Pembroke was built in 1855, and rebuilt in 1906, and was restored in the 1990s. Previously, the nearby Billy Rock offshore had claimed fifteen ships, and there were unlit markers here.

The original light used rape seed oil, but as it burnt a thousand gallons a year, sea lion oil was attempted as a substitute. When it was rebuilt in 1906, it was converted to paraffin and worked by clockwork. After World War II a less romantic structure was built to the east.

A small lighthouse keepers cottage used to stand here. The lighthouse itself, is now a listed building.[3]

Farm and James Smith[edit]

In the late nineteenth century, Cape Pembroke peninsula was a small farm, which the islands' government leased to James Smith of Stanley. There were few such small farms in the islands and James Smith was ardent in his support of agrarian reform.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Falkland Islands". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  3. ^ "Falkland Islands Information Web Portal". Buildings and Structures in the Falkland Islands designated as being of Architectural or Historic Interest. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 2008-07-08.

Coordinates: 51°40′56″S 57°43′08″W / 51.6823°S 57.7190°W / -51.6823; -57.7190