Cape Pine Light
Cape Pine Lighthouse
Newfoundland and Labrador
|Year first constructed||1851|
|Construction||cast iron tower|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||tower with white and red horizontal bands, white lantern|
|Tower height||15 metres (49 ft)|
|Focal height||96 metres (315 ft)|
|Range||16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 5s.|
|Fog signal||blast every 60s.|
|CHS number||CCG 6|
|Managing agent||Canadian Coast Guard |
|Heritage||recognized federal heritage building of Canada, national historic site of Canada|
The lighthouse was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1974. The keeper originally lived in the lighthouse but found it difficult to heat, and so separate housing was built in 1851. The keeper's house was razed in the 1950s and replaced by modern housing.
Motivation for building
In the decades before 1850, the British admiralty had become increasingly concerned about loss of shipping and loss of life near Cape Pine, which is located at the southern tip of Avalon Peninsula, at the eastern point of St. Mary's Bay. Fishermen as well as ships bound for Europe had to cope with dense fog and strong currents. At the end of the War of 1812, the British troop ship HMS Harpooner was on its way to England and ran aground in a dense fog near Cape Pine, with over 350 fatalities. More ships bound for Europe were lost in that area during the 1820s and 1830s.
In the 1840s, the House of Assembly in Newfoundland repeatedly requested assistance from the House of Commons of England to build a lighthouse at Cape Pine, and in 1847 the assistance was granted. This was the first prefabricated cast iron lighthouse in Newfoundland, with many more to follow later in the nineteenth century, and in the twentieth century the preferred construction material switched to reinforced concrete.
- Henry Hearder 1851–1866
- George Hewitt 1866-1898
- George J. Hewitt 1898–1935
- George T. Hewitt 1935-1959
- Valentine Hewitt 1959–1973
- Michael Myrick 1973-?
- Tom Finlay, Peter Myrick 1996-?
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Southeast Newfoundland". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "History, Cape Pine Newfoundland". Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- Cable Building. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Molloy, David. The First Landfall: Historic Lighthouses of Newfoundland and Labrador, p. 76 (Breakwater Books, 1994).
- Cape Pine Light Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Lighthouse Friends
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cape Pine lighthouse.|
- Aids to Navigation Canadian Coast Guard