Cape Schanck (view from atop the lighthouse)
|Population||362 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Mornington Peninsula|
Cape Schanck is a locality in the Australian state of Victoria. It is the southernmost tip of the Mornington Peninsula and separates the wild ocean waters of Bass Strait from the slightly calmer waters of Western Port.
The most recognisable symbol of Cape Schanck is the Cape Schanck Lighthouse. The lighthouse was built in 1859 and was the second lighthouse built in Victoria. A prominent rock outcrop is Pulpit Rock and stands out at the very tip of the cape.
British-Australian artist Georgiana McCrae produced many of her paintings at Cape Schanck.
A keen artist–traveller in the Romantic tradition, Nicholas Chevalier concentrated on effects of atmosphere, mood and dramatic lighting in his depictions of the iconic natural wonders he found at Cape Schanck, on the southernmost tip of Mornington Peninsula.
The location was named in 1800 after Captain John Schank, R.N. (note spelling with only one 'c') by Lieutenant James Grant sailing on the Lady Nelson. Schank had designed the raised keel (or centreboard) on the Lady Nelson. The spelling of the locality as 'Schanck' (two c's) is a misspelling of Schank. Nicolas Baudin called it Cap Richelieu when he sailed past on the Géographe on 30 March 1802.
Cape Schanck Post Office opened around March 1879 and closed in 1962.
In 1893 a steamship, the SS Alert, sank off the coast at Cape Schanck during a storm. It was rediscovered after 113 years on the ocean floor in June 2007.
Flora and fauna
Albatrosses (black-browed, Chatham, yellow-nosed, etc.) are occasionally spotted off the cliffs as are short-tailed shearwaters (particularly during their spring migration), black-faced and pied cormorants, kelp gulls and Australasian gannets. The shrubs decorating the area are frequently home to brown thornbills, singing honeyeaters and a number of other passerines. The elusive striated fieldwren has also been known to inhabit the area. Some flora include cushion bushes.
References and notes
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Cape Schanck (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2012-10-17.
- "Cape Schanck Lighthouse". Lighthouses of Victoria. Lighthouses of Australia Inc.
- Golf Select, RACV Cape Schanck, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Golf Select, The National, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Grant, James (1803), The narrative of a voyage of discovery, performed in His Majesty's vessel the Lady Nelson, London: Roworth, p. 195, cited in Bird (2006)
- Lee, Ida (1915), The Logbooks of the Lady Nelson, London: Grafton, p. 328, retrieved 2011-02-11
- Great Britain. Hydrographic Dept., Chart of Western Port and coast to Wilson's Promontory forming part of the North side of Bass's Strait [cartographic material] / surveyed by order of Governor King by Ensign Barrallier in HM armed surveying vessel Lady Nelson; Lieut. James Grant, Commander, in March, April and May, 1801., retrieved 2011-02-11
- Bird, Eric (12 October 2006). "Place Names on the Coast of Victoria" (PDF). The Australian National Placename Survey (ANPS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-10. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
- Baudin, Nicolas; Cornell, Christine (1974), Journal of Nicolas Baudin, Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, p. 609, ISBN 0-7243-0043-0, cited in Bird (2006)
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- Website for Cape Schanck Lighthouse