Cape Upstart National Park
|Cape Upstart National Park|
Cape Upstart, 2010
|Nearest town or city||Gumlu|
|Area||84.80 km2 (32.74 sq mi)|
|Managing authorities||Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service|
The Juru Clan of the Birri-Gubba Tribal Group lived on Cape Upstart for thousands of years.
Cultural Importance of Cape Upstart
There are numerous middens in the sand dunes of Cape Upstart to demonstrate the connection of the Juru People to Cape Upstart. There are also several sacred sites, like the women's area at Worrungu Bay, and the stone arrangements near Mine Island, which the senior elder always stated were never 'fish traps' but an important ceremonial ground used for initiation. The ceremonial ground laid out the paths taken by Gubulla Munda (the Carpet Snake) when creating the land and islands inhabited by the Juru people and the paths followed by Gubulla Munda (the totem of the Juru Clan) in the Gubulla Munda Dreaming (the creation story of the Juru and Birri-Gubba People).
Europeans, mostly from the nearby Burdekin farming community, began - in the early twentieth century - building semi-permanent huts on the Cape's western foreshores. By the start of the twenty-first century these had mostly been replaced by permanent structures used mostly for recreational purposes, a small permanent population having also taken up residency by then.
In 2011 Justice Rares of the Federal Court of Australia recognised that the Juru People retained Native Title over Cape Upstart National Park. This decision was the culmination of a twenty-year struggle by the Juru People to get their Native Title recognised over Cape Upstart National Park. The Process was originally started by Peter Prior (Gulumba) in 1992 and was completed by his daughter, Renarta Prior (Gootha) in 2012.
- "Cape Upstart National Park". National parks, marine parks and forests. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- Small, M. (1992) 'Gulumba's Land': A study in ethnoarchaeology at Cape Upstart, North Queensland. BA (Hons) thesis, JCU.
- Renarta Prior (Gootha), 'Juru - Knowledge Base' NQ Dry Tropics: Land & Water Solutions Website (http://wiki.bdtnrm.org.au/index.php/Juru) Accessed 9 September 2012)
- Rowland, MJ & Ulm, S, 2011, Indigenous Fish Traps and Weirs of North Queensland Qld Archeological Research, vol.14, pp.1-58 (http://eprints.jcu.edu.au/17602/), p.18)
- Peter Prior (Gulumba), Personal Communication to Michael Small, Aaron Small & Gresham Ross, Circa.1994
- Renarta Prior (Gootha), Personal Communication to Aaron Small, 25–26 July 2012
- Prior on Behalf of the Juru (Cape Upstart) People v The State of Queensland (No.2)  FCA 819 (26 July 2011) (http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/FCA/2011/819.html)