Cape Verde warbler

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Cape Verde warbler
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Acrocephalidae
Genus: Acrocephalus
Species: A. brevipennis
Binomial name
Acrocephalus brevipennis
(Keulemans, 1866)
Acrocephalus brevipennis distribution map.png
Geographic distribution of the Cape Verde(an) warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis) - it has a very small distribution shown in arrows in the further west

The Cape Verde warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis) is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It is also known as the Cape Verde cane warbler or Cape Verde swamp warbler, and in Creole as tchota-de-cana, chincherote,[2] (also tchintchirote).[3] It breeds on Santiago, Fogo, and São Nicolau in the Cape Verde Islands.[4][5] It previously bred on Brava. This species is found in well-vegetated valleys, avoiding drier areas. It nests in reedbeds, two to three eggs being laid in a suspended nest.[6]

Description[edit]

This is a medium-sized warbler, larger than the Eurasian reed warbler. It resembles that bird in appearance, grey-brown above, greyish-white below, with no obvious markings. The geographical isolation of the bird on the Cape Verde Islands prevents confusion with other similar species. The song is a distinctive liquid bubbling, like that of a bulbul.[6]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Cape Verde warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis) was featured in a 1000 CVE note circulated from 1992 to 2005

At one time it was thought that the Cape Verde warbler was restricted to the island of Santiago. After a specimen was found in a Lisbon museum, a survey was made on São Nicolau island in 1998 and some individuals were found there.[7] In 2004 a further population was discovered on Fogo island[8] and further survey found it was widespread across the north of the island up to altitudes of about 1,300 m.[5] On Santiago it can be found across the whole island, including in Barragem de Poilão, S. Jorge, Serra Malagueta, Rui Vaz and Tarrafal.[5][9] Although previously thought to be mainly restricted to woodland and scrub, it is now reported from a wider range of habitats including well-vegetated valleys, reedbeds, cultivated land and around water sources such as dams.[1]

Status[edit]

The population trend of the Cape Verde warbler is thought to be declining, probably because of habitat destruction and the droughts that have beset the islands.[10] With its restricted range and relatively small population, this bird has been assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as an endangered species.[1]

Depictions[edit]

The warbler was featured in a 1000 Cape Verdean escudo note which started circulation in 1992 up to 2005.[11] In 2005, the warbler was also featured in a 55 escudo stamp.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2016). "Acrocephalus brevipennis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "chincherote". Língua Portuguesa com Acordo Ortográfico. Infopedia. Retrieved 27 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Teodoro, Melissa. "Dancing voices" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2016.  Note: because of different spelling systems in use it's also found as txintxiroti.
  4. ^ "Cape Verde Swamp-warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis) - BirdLife species factsheet". datazone.birdlife.org. BirdLife International. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Batalha, Helena R.; Wright, David J.; Barr, Iain; Collar, Nigel J.; Richardson, David S. (1 April 2017). "Genetic diversity and divergence in the endangered Cape Verde warbler Acrocephalus brevipennis". Conservation Genetics. 18 (2): 343–357. doi:10.1007/s10592-016-0909-3. ISSN 1566-0621. 
  6. ^ a b Donald, P. F.; Taylor, R.; de Ponte Machado, M.; Pitta Groz, M. J.; Wells, C. E.; Marlow, T.; Hille, S. M. (2004). "Status of the Cape Verde Cane Warbler Acrocephalus brevipennis on São Nicolau, with notes on song, breeding behaviour and threats" (PDF). Malimbus. 26: 34–37. 
  7. ^ Hazevoet, C. J.; Monteiro, L. R.; Ratcliffe, N. (1999). "Rediscovery of the Cape Verde Cane Warbler Acrocephalus brevipennis on São Nicolau in February 1998". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club (4). 
  8. ^ Hering, J. (2005). "Discovery of Cape Verde Warbler Acrocephalus brevipennis on Fogo, Cape Verde Islands". Bulletin of the African Bird Club. 12 (3). 
  9. ^ Garcia-del-Rey, E. (2016). Birds of the Cape Verde Islands. Barcelona, Spain: Sociedad Ornitologica Canaria. 
  10. ^ Hazevoet, C. J. (1995). The birds of the Cape Verde islands: an annotated checklist. Tring: British Ornithologists’ Union. 
  11. ^ "Cape Verde". Will's Online World Paper Money Gallery.