Cape Verdean Argentines are Argentine residents whose ancestry originated in Cape Verde. According to the 1980 census, there were about 8,000; but today's population was estimated by some sources to be around 2,000 in 2007. Other sources estimate that in 2006 there were 12,000-15,000 descendants of immigrants from Cape Verde living in Argentina, of whom about 300 are native to the African continent. Unlike most Afro-Argentines, who are descended from victims of the slave trade, the Cape Verdean community arrived in the country voluntarily.
The first Cape Verdeans immigrated to Argentina in small numbers in the late 19th century. The numbers increased dramatically from the 1920s to World War II. The busiest periods were between 1927 and 1933 and the third, after 1946. They were driven from Cape Verde by lack of jobs, resources, and opportunities.
Many used to face discrimination in the predominantly European-Argentine society. Two organizations for mutual support and cultural exchange have existed for over 60 years. The Society Of Mutual Aid "The Cape Verdean Union" of Dock-Sud (South Dock) was founded in 1932 and the Cape Verdean Sport And Culture Club of Ensenada was founded around the same period.