Cape Verdean Armed Forces

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cape Verdean Armed Forces
Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas
Flag of Cape Verde.svg
Service branchesNational Guard and Coast Guard (includes air wing)[1]
Commander-in-chiefJorge Carlos Fonseca
Chief of StaffFelipe Tavares
Military age18
Conscription14 months
Active personnel1,200
Budget$7.18 million (2005)[needs update]
Percent of GDP0.7% (2005)[needs update]
Foreign suppliers United States
Cape Verdean Marines

The Cape Verdean Armed Forces (Portuguese: Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas), Cabo Verdean Armed Forces or FACV are the military of Cape Verde. They include two branches, the National Guard and the Coast Guard.


Before 1975, Cape Verde was an overseas province of Portugal, having a small Portuguese military garrison that included both Cape Verdean and European Portuguese soldiers.

At the same time, some Cape Verdeans were serving in the People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Revolucionarias do Povo, FARP), the military wing of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde that was fighting for the joint independence of Guinea and Cape Verde in the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence. The FARP became the national armed forces of Guinea-Bissau, when its independence was recognized by Portugal in 1974.

The Armed Forces of Cape Verde were created when the country became independent in 1975, being also officially designated the People's Revolutionary Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Revolucionarias do Povo, FARP). The Cape Verdean FARP consisted of two independent branches, the Army (Exército) and the Coast Guard (Guarda Costeira).

In the early 1990s, the designation "FARP" was dropped and the military of Cape Verde started to be designated the Cape Verdean Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Cabo Verdeanas, FACV).

In 2007, the FACV started a major reorganization that included the transformation of the Army into the National Guard (Guarda Nacional).

Together with the Cape Verdean Police, the FACV carried out Operation Flying Launch (Operacão Lancha Voadora), a successful operation to put an end to a drug trafficking group which smuggled cocaine from Colombia to the Netherlands and Germany using Cape Verde as a reorder point. The operation took more than three years, being a secret operation during the first two years, and ended in 2010.

Although located in Africa, Cape Verde had always close relations with Europe. Because of this, several opinions defend that Cape Verde may enter the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and NATO.[1]

The most recent engagement of the FACV was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths.[2]


Dornier 228 of the Cape Verdean Coast Guard

The Cape Verdean Armed Forces are part of the Ministry of National Defense of Cape Verde and include:

  • the Military bodies of command:
    • Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces (CEMFA),
    • Office of the CEMFA,
    • Staff of the Armed Forces (EMFA),
    • Personnel Command,
    • Logistics Command;
  • the National Guard;
  • the Coast Guard.

The CEMFA is Colonel, being the highest rank officer of the Armed Forces.

National Guard[edit]

Military Police in Mindelo

The National Guard (Guarda National) is the main branch of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces for the military defense of the country, being responsible for the execution of land and maritime environment operations and the support to internal security. It includes:

  • Territorial commands:
    • 1st Military Region Command,
    • 2nd Military Region Command,
    • 3rd Military Region Command;
  • Corps:
    • Military Police Corps,
    • Marine Corps,
    • Artillery Corps.

There is not a general command of the National Guard. Each military region command is headed by a Lieutenant-Colonel directly subordinate to the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces and includes units of the three corps.

Coast Guard[edit]

Coast Guard patrol boat Tainha (P 262)

The Coast Guard (Guarda Costeira) is the branch of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces responsible for the defense and protection of the country's economical interests at the sea under national jurisdiction and for providing air and naval support to land and amphibious operations. It includes:

  • Coast Guard Command
  • Maritime Security Operations Center (COSMAR)
  • Naval Squadron
  • Air Squadron

The Coast Guard is headed by an officer with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. The Naval and Air Squadrons incorporate, respectively, all the vessels and aircraft of the Cape Verdean Armed Forces.


The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the national guard and coast guard.

NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Cape Verde Cape Verde
No equivalent
None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg Cape Verde-army-OF-2.svg Cape Verde-army-OF-1c.svg Cape Verde-army-OF-1b.svg Cape Verde-army-OF-1a.svg Cape Verde-army-OF-(D).svg
Major General
Major General
Lieutenant Colonel
Tenente Coronel
First Lieutenant
Premiero Teniente
Second Lieutenant
Officer Cadet

The rank insignia of enlisted for the national guard and coast guard.

NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Cape Verde Cape Verde
None.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-8.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-7.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-6.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-5c.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-5b.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-5a.svg None.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-4c.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-4b.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-4a.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-3.svg Cape Verde-army-OR-2.svg None.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-principal Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Sargento Furriel Instruendo curso
de sargento
Cabo-principal Cabo de secção Cabo-adjunto Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Instruendo curso
de cabo


Light weapons[edit]

Armored vehicles[edit]




The Cape Verdean Army used to have its own air arm; after personnel training received from the USSR in 1982, three Antonov An-26 aircraft were delivered to Cape Verde – these were believed to be the only military aircraft possessed by the nation.[4] However these three aircraft were supplemented in 1991 by a Dornier Do 228 light aircraft equipped for use by the Coast Guard, and, in the late 1990s by an EMB-110 aircraft from Brazil, similarly equipped for maritime operations. The government has been in negotiations with China to acquire multirole helicopters for both military and civilian use.

Manufacturer Model Origin Type Service entry Number Notes
Antonov Antonov An-26  Soviet Union Tactical Transport 1982 3
EADS CASA Casa C-212 MPA[5]  SPA Maritime Patrol Aircraft 2008 1
Dornier Flugzeugwerke Dornier Do 228  GER Maritime usage 1991 1 2 delivered
Embraer EMB-110  BRA Airliner late 1990s 1

LET L-410 Turbolet UVP  Czech Republic transport aircraft
Harbin Harbin Z-9  China Utility 2011 2


  • 1 Kondor I patrol craft – 360 tons full load – commissioned 1970
  • 1 Peterson MK 4 patrol craft – 22 tons – commissioned 1993
  • 1 other patrol craft – 55 tons
  • 1 Damen Stan 5009 patrol vessel – named P-511 Guardião – commissioned 2012[6]


  1. ^ sprungbrett-nach-westafrika
  2. ^ "Eleven shot dead in Cape Verde, including two Spanish citizens". Reuters. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  3. ^ a b c d Military Balance 2010, page 299
  4. ^ * World Aircraft Information Files. Brightstar Publishing, London. File 337 Sheet 02
  5. ^ " (in Spanish)".
  6. ^ "Stan Patrol 5009 "Guardiao"". Damen. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  • Further reading: Defense Intelligence Agency, Military Intelligence Summary - Africa South of the Sahara, DDB 2680-104-85, ICOD 15 October 1984, declassified by letter dated April 29, 2014.

External links[edit]