Capernaum (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Capernaum
Capernaum (film).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Arabicکفرناحوم‎
Directed byNadine Labaki
Produced by
Screenplay by
  • Nadine Labaki
  • Jihad Hojaily
  • Michelle Keserwany
Story by
  • Georges Khabbaz
  • Nadine Labaki
  • Michelle Keserwany
  • Jihad Hojaily
  • Khaled Mouzanar
Starring
  • Zain Al Rafeea
  • Yordanos Shiferaw
  • Boluwatife Bankole
  • Kawthar Al Haddad
  • Fadi Kamel Youssef
  • Nour el Husseini
  • Alaa Chouchnieh
  • Cedra Izam
  • Nadine Labaki
  • Joseph Jimbazian
  • Farah Hasno
Music byKhaled Mouzanar
CinematographyChristopher Aoun
Edited byKonstantin Bock
Production
company
Mooz Films
Distributed bySony Pictures Classics[1]
Release date
  • 17 May 2018 (2018-05-17) (Cannes)
  • 20 September 2018 (2018-09-20) (Lebanon)
Running time
126 minutes[2]
CountryLebanon
Language
Budget$4 million
Box office$64.3 million[3]

Capernaum, also known as Cafarnaúm or Capharnaüm (Arabic: کفرناحوم‎, translated onscreen as Chaos), is a 2018 Lebanese drama film directed by Nadine Labaki. The screenplay was written by Labaki, Jihad Hojaily and Michelle Keserwany from a story by Labaki, Hojaily, Keserwany, Georges Khabbaz and Khaled Mouzanar. The film stars Syrian refugee child actor Zain Al Rafeea as Zain El Hajj, a 12-year-old living in the slums of Beirut. The film is told in flashback format, focusing on Zain's life, including his encounter with an Ethiopian immigrant Rahil and her infant son Yonas, and leading up to his attempt to sue his parents for child neglect.

The film debuted at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival, where it was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or,[4][5] and won the Jury Prize.[6][7] The film received a 15-minute standing ovation following its premiere at Cannes on 17 May 2018.[8] Sony Pictures Classics, which had previously distributed Labaki's Where Do We Go Now?, bought North American and Latin American distribution rights for the film, while Wild Bunch retained the international rights.[9] It received a wider release on 20 September 2018.

The film received critical acclaim, with particular praise given to Labaki's direction, Al Rafeea's performance and the film's "documentary-like realism".[10] Writing for The New York Times, Manohla Dargis and A. O. Scott named it as one of the greatest films of 2018.[11] It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 91st Academy Awards,[12] among several other accolades.

The film has become a sleeper hit at the box office, grossing over $64 million worldwide (including over $48 million in China), against a production budget of $4 million. Capernaum has become the highest-grossing Arabic film, and the highest-grossing Middle-Eastern film of all time.

Plot[edit]

Zain El Hajj, a 12-year-old from the slums of Beirut, is serving a five-year prison sentence in Roumieh Prison for stabbing someone who he refers to as a "son of a bitch". Neither Zain nor his parents know his exact date of birth as they never received an official birth certificate. Zain is brought before a court, having decided to take civil action against his parents, his mother Souad and his father Selim. When asked by the judge why he wants to sue his parents, Zain answers "Because I was born". Meanwhile, Lebanese authorities process a group of illegal migrant workers, including a young Ethiopian woman named Rahil.

The story then flashes back several months to before Zain was arrested. Zain uses forged prescriptions to purchase tramadol pills from multiple pharmacies. Zain and his sister Sahar later crush the pills into a powder and soak them into clothes, which his mother sells to drug addicts in prison. Zain also works as a delivery boy for Assad, the family's landlord and the owner of a local market. One morning, Zain discovers that Sahar has started her period and helps her to hide the evidence, believing that she will be married to Assad if her parents discover that she has become a woman.

Zain makes plans to escape with Sahar and begin a new life. However, his suspicions are proven correct as Sahar is married to Assad before they can escape. Furious at his parents, Zain runs away and catches a bus, where he meets an elderly man dressed in a Spider-Man costume who calls himself "Cockroach Man". Cockroach Man gets off the bus at an amusement park and Zain follows him, spending the rest of the day at the park. While on the ferris wheel, Zain sees a beautiful sunset and begins to cry. Later, Zain meets Rahil, an Ethiopian migrant worker who is working as a cleaner at the park. She takes pity on Zain and agrees to let him live with her at her tin shack in exchange for Zain babysitting her undocumented infant son Yonas when she is at work.

Rahil's forged migrant documents are due to expire soon and she doesn't have enough money to pay her forger Aspro for new documents. Aspro offers to forge the documents for free if she gives Yonas to him so that Yonas can be adopted. Rahil refuses, despite Aspro's claims that Yonas' undocumented status will mean he can never receive an education or be employed. Rahil's documents expire and she is arrested by Lebanese authorities. After she doesn't return to the apartment, Zain panics. Several days pass, and Zain begins looking after Yonas on his own, claiming that they are brothers, and begins selling tramadol again to earn money.

One day, while at a souq, Zain meets a young girl named Maysoun. Maysoun is a Syrian refugee and claims that Aspro has agreed to send her to Sweden. Zain demands that Aspro send him to Sweden as well, which Aspro agrees to do if Zain gives him Yonas. Zain reluctantly agrees, and Aspro tells him that he will need some form of identification to become a refugee. Zain returns to his parents and demands they give him his identification, to which they laughingly tell him he doesn't have any. Having disowned him for leaving, they kick him out of their house, but not before revealing that Sahar had recently died due to difficulties with her pregnancy. Furious, Zain steals a knife and stabs Assad. He is arrested and sentenced to five years at Roumieh Prison.

While in prison, Zain learns that Souad is pregnant and plans to name the child Sahar. Disgusted by his mother’s lack of remorse for her daughter’s death, he contacts the media and says that he is tired of parents neglecting their children and plans to sue his parents for continuing to have children when they cannot take care of them. Zain also alleges that Aspro is adopting children illegally and mistreating them. Aspro’s house is raided and the children and parents are reunited, including Yonas and Rahil.

Zain’s photo is taken for his ID card. Although finding it difficult at first, he eventually manages to smile.

Cast[edit]

Cast and director at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival.
  • Zain Al Rafeea as Zain El Hajj, a 12-year-old boy living in the slums of Beirut
  • Yordanos Shiferaw as Rahil (also known as Tigest), an undocumented Ethiopian woman who works as a cleaner at an amusement park
  • Boluwatife Treasure Bankole as Yonas, Rahil's undocumented son
  • Kawthar Al Haddad as Souad, Zain's mother
  • Fadi Kamel Youssef as Selim, Zain's father
  • Nour el Husseini as Assad, the owner of a local market and Sahar's husband
  • Alaa Chouchnieh as Aspro, Rahil's forger
  • Cedra Izam as Sahar, Zain's sister
  • Nadine Labaki as Nadine, Zain's lawyer
  • Joseph Jimbazian as Mr. Harout (also known as Cockroach Man), an employee at an amusement park
  • Farah Hasno as Maysoun, a young Syrian refugee

Production[edit]

Screenwriter and director Nadine Labaki described the conception of the film:

At the end of the day, ... children are really paying a very high price for our conflicts, and our wars, and our systems, and our stupid decisions, and governments. I felt the need to talk about the problem, and I was thinking, if those children could talk, or could express themselves, what would they say? What would they tell us, this society that ignores them?[13]

The film was produced on a budget of $4 million.[14] Producer Khaled Mouzanar took out a mortgage on his house to raise a budget.[15]

Zain Al Rafeea, a Syrian refugee living in the slums of Beirut for eight years, was 12 during production.[16][17] Al Rafeea's character, Zain, is named for him.[13] Many of the other actors were novices, which Labaki described as necessary because she wanted "a real struggle on that big screen".[15] Al Rafeea contributed to shaping the film's dialogue, drawing on his experiences as a refugee living in a slum.[18]

Although Labaki is an actress, she gave herself only a small role, preferring the novice actors drawing from their experiences.[19] Shooting lasted six months and resulted in a cut 12 hours long; it was subject to edits over two years.[16]

Box office[edit]

As of 20 May 2019, the film has grossed $64,281,721 worldwide,[3] against a production budget of $4 million.[14] It has become the highest-grossing Arabic film, and the highest-grossing Middle-Eastern film of all time,[20] surpassing the $21 million box office record of Labaki's earlier film Where Do We Go Now? (2012).[21][22]

The film had a limited release in the United States and Canada on 14 December 2018.[23] The film went on to gross $1,658,471 in North America, as of 16 May 2019.[24]

It released in China on 29 April 2019,[25] and debuted at number two there, behind Avengers: Endgame.[26] Capernaum became a sleeper hit in China, with the help of strong word-of-mouth on Chinese social media (including platforms such as Douban and TikTok).[27] By 5 May 2019, Capernaum had grossed $25.22 million in China,[28] becoming the weekend's second top-grossing film internationally, behind only Avengers: Endgame.[29][30] By 16 May 2019, the film had crossed CN¥300 million ($44 million) at the Chinese box office.[27] As of 20 May 2019, the film has grossed $48.72 million in China.[3]

Reception[edit]

Capernaum holds an 89% approval rating based on reviews by 143 critics on Rotten Tomatoes.[31] On Metacritic.,[32] the film has a weighted average score of 75 out of 100 based on reviews from 33 critics, indicating "Generally favorable reviews". The film also received positive reviews from audiences, holding a 90% audience approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes and a score of 4.5/5 stars on Allocine based on more than 1405 reviews.[33]

Many reviews were highly positive. A. O. Scott of The New York Times ranked it as the ninth greatest film of 2018, writing "naturalism meets melodrama in this harrowing, hectic tale of a lost boy’s adventures in the slums and shantytowns of Beirut...Labaki refuses to lose sight of the exuberance, grit and humor that people hold onto even in moments of the greatest desperation."[11] Variety's Jay Weissberg judged Capernaum to represent a substantial improvement in Labaki's direction, bringing "intelligence and heart" to its issue.[34] The Hollywood Reporter critic Leslie Felperin called it an effective melodrama.[35] On Vulture.com, Emily Yoshida called Zain Al Rafeea "a startling, unforgettable presence". Yoshida also interpreted it as "one of the most forcefully pro-choice films I’ve ever seen", though abortion is not mentioned.[36]

Some reviews were more mixed. Writing for The A.V. Club, A.A. Dowd called the film a "sadness pile that confuses nonstop hardship for drama, begging for our tears at every moment".[37] IndieWire critic David Ehrlich also wrote a mixed review, calling it "an astonishing work of social-realism that’s diluted (and ultimately defeated) by an array of severe miscalculations".[38]

Accolades[edit]

The film was selected as the Lebanese entry for Best Foreign Language Film at the 91st Academy Awards.[39][40] It made the December shortlist in 2018,[41] before being nominated for the Academy Award in January 2019.[12]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
Academy Awards 24 February 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [42]
Alliance of Women Film Journalists 10 January 2019 Best Non-English Film Nadine Labaki Nominated [43]
Best Woman Director Nominated
Asia Pacific Screen Awards 29 November 2018 Best Directing Won [44][45]
Best Actor Zain Al Rafeea Nominated
British Academy Film Awards 10 February 2019 Best Film Not in the English Language Nadine Labaki, Khaled Mouzanar Nominated [46]
British Independent Film Awards 2 December 2018 Best International Independent Film Nadine Labaki, Jihad Hojeily, Michelle Keserwani, Khaled Mouzanar and Michel Merkt Nominated [47]
Calgary International Film Festival 19–30 September 2018 Audience Favourite, US/International Narrative Feature Nadine Labaki Won [48]
Fan Favourite Award Won
Cannes Film Festival 8–19 May 2018 Palme d'Or Nadine Labaki Nominated [4]
Jury Prize Won [6]
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Won
César Award 22 February 2019 Best Foreign Film Capernaum Nominated [49]
Chicago Film Critics Association 8 December 2018 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [50]
Cinema for Peace Foundation 11 February 2019 The Most Valuable Film of the Year Nadine Labaki, Khaled Mouzanar, Michel Merkt Won [51]
Critics' Choice Movie Awards 13 January 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [52]
FICFA 15–23 November 2018 Best Foreign Film Nadine Labaki Won [53]
Audience Award Won
Film Fest Gent 8–18 October 2018 North Sea Port Audience Award Won [54]
Globes de Cristal Awards 4 February 2019 Best Foreign Film Nominated [55]
Golden Globes 6 January 2019 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [56]
International Antalya Film Festival 29 September–5 October 2018 Best Actor Zain Al Rafeea Won [57][58]
Young Jury Award Nadine Labaki Won
International Film Festival Rotterdam 23 January – 3 February 2019 IFFR Audience Award Won [59]
Leeds International Film Festival 1–15 November 2018 Audience Award for Best Fiction Feature Won [60]
Melbourne International Film Festival 2–19 August 2018 Audience Award Won [61]
Miami International Film Festival 11–14 October Gigi Guermont Audience Award Won [62]
Mill Valley Film Festival 3–13 October 2018 Audience Favorite - World Cinema, Gold Award Won [63]
Norwegian International Film Festival August 2018 Audience Award Won [64]
San Diego Film Critics Society 10 December 2018 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Runner-up [65]
San Sebastián International Film Festival 21–29 September 2018 Audience Award Nadine Labaki 2nd Place [66]
São Paulo International Film Festival 18–31 October 2018 Audience Award Won [67]
Sarajevo Film Festival 10–17 August 2018 Audience Award Won [68]
St. Louis Film Critics Association 16 December 2018 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [69]
St. Louis International Film Festival 1–11 November 2018 Award for Best International Film Nadine Labaki Won [70]
Stockholm International Film Festival 7–18 November 2018 Best Screenplay Nadine Labaki, Jihad Hojeily, Michelle Keserwany, Georges Kabbaz and Khaled Mouzanar Won [71]
Audience Award Nadine Labaki Won [72]
Vilnius International Film Festival 6 April 2019 The Audience Award Capernaum Won [73]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association 3 December 2018 Best Foreign Language Film Capernaum Nominated [74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (10 May 2018). "Sony Pictures Classics Nabs Nadine Labaki's Palme d'Or Contender 'Capernaum'". Variety. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Capernaum (2018)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Cafarnaúm (2018) - Financial Information". The Numbers. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "The 2018 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Cannes Lineup Includes New Films From Spike Lee, Jean-Luc Godard". Variety. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b Steve, Pond (19 May 2018). "'Shoplifters' Wins Palme d'Or at 2018 Cannes Film Festival". SF Gate. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  7. ^ Debruge, Peter (19 May 2018). "2018 Cannes Film Festival Award Winners Announced". Variety. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. ^ ""Nadine Labaki's 'Capernaum' Earns Massive Cannes Standing Ovation and Instant Palme d'Or Winner Predictions"".
  9. ^ ""'Sony Pictures Classics Nabs Nadine Labaki's Palme d'Or Contender 'Capernaum'"".
  10. ^ "Capernaum (Capharnaüm) (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Best Movies of 2018". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Oscars 2019: The nominees in full". BBC News. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  13. ^ a b Grobar, Matt (15 November 2018). "'Capernaum' Director On The High Price Children Are Paying For Society's Mistakes — Awardsline Screening Series". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Labaki's film rights sold in 60 countries. Initial cost of Capharnaüm already covered". BusinessNews.com.lb. 12 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  15. ^ a b Staff (21 November 2018). "'Capernaum' team on Cannes success and the importance of using non-professional actors". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  16. ^ a b Welk, Brian (20 November 2018). "'Capernaum' Director Nadine Labaki Says Refugee Child Star Is Safe and Resettled (Video)". The Wrap. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Child actor's journey from slums to stardom". BBC News. 20 February 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  18. ^ "From Syrian refugee to Oscar nominee, 'Capernaum' star gets second chance at childhood in Norway". Public Radio International. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  19. ^ Ritman, Alex (9 May 2018). "Cannes: Nadine Labaki on 'Capernaum' and Resisting the Lure of Hollywood". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  20. ^ "'Capernaum' Director Nadine Labaki Celebrates $40M+ Chinese Box Office: "It's a Big Surprise"". The Hollywood Reporter. 16 May 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Lebanese filmmakers' movie 'Capharnaum' wins Jury Prize at Cannes Film Festival". The Arab American News. 25 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  22. ^ Jr, Mike Fleming (11 May 2018). "'Capernaum' Director Nadine Labaki Signs With CAA". Deadline. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Cafarnaúm". The Numbers. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Capernaum (2018)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  25. ^ "Why Bollywood has failed to cash in on China market as trade deficit narrows - Global Times". Global Times. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Daily Box Office > China". EntGroup. 29 April 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  27. ^ a b Shackleton, Liz (16 May 2019). "How Nadine Labaki's 'Capernaum' became a $44m sleeper hit in China". Screen. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Daily Box Office > China". EntGroup. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  29. ^ "'Avengers Endgame' nears global record with over $2 billion". Houston Chronicle. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  30. ^ Kabboul, Tamarah. "Labaki's Capernaum Ranks 2nd Top-Grossing Film in China Just After Avengers Endgame". www.the961.com. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  31. ^ "Capernaum (Capharnaüm) (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  32. ^ "Capernaum (2018)". Metacritic. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  33. ^ "Capharnaüm - film 2018". Allocine. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  34. ^ Weissberg, Jay (17 May 2018). "Film Review: 'Capernaum'". Variety. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  35. ^ Felperin, Leslie (17 May 2018). "'Capharnaum': Film Review Cannes 2018". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  36. ^ Yoshida, Emily (18 May 2018). "Prepare to Be Blown Away by the Child Actors in the Heartbreaking Capharnaüm". Vulture.com. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  37. ^ Dowd, A.A. (18 May 2018). "The best movies of Cannes 2018, plus a serious Palme D'Or threat at the end of the festival". Variety. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  38. ^ Ehrlich, David (18 May 2018). "'Capernaum' Review: Despite the Best Baby Performance Ever, Nadine Labaki's Latest Is a Well-Intentioned Mess — Cannes 2018". IndieWire. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  39. ^ "الثقافة: فيلم المخرجة لبكي "كفرناحوم" الى الأوسكار". 14march.org. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  40. ^ Kozlov, Vladimir (18 September 2018). "Oscars: Lebanon Selects 'Capharnaum' for Foreign-Language Category". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  41. ^ "Academy Unveils 2019 Oscar Shortlists". The Hollywood Reporter. 17 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  42. ^ "Oscar Nominees". 22 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  43. ^ "2018 EDA Award Nominees". Alliance of Women Film Journalists. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  44. ^ "2018 APSA Nominees Announced". Asia Pacific Screen Awards. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  45. ^ Frater, Patrick (29 October 2018). "'Shoplifters' Takes Top Prize at Asia Pacific Screen Awards". Variety. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  46. ^ Brown, Mark (9 January 2019). "EE British Academy Film Awards Nominees in 2019". British Academy Film Awards. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  47. ^ Brown, Mark (31 October 2018). "The Favourite dominates British independent film award nominations". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  48. ^ "2018 Audience & Fan Favourite Awards". Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  49. ^ "Liste des Nominations aux Cesar 2019" (PDF). César Award. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  50. ^ "2018 Chicago Film Critics Association Awards". Chicago Film Critics Association. 7 December 2018. Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  51. ^ "Nominations 2019". Cinema for Peace Foundation. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  52. ^ Harris, Hunter (10 December 2018). "The Favourite, Black Panther Lead Critics' Choice Awards Nominations". Vulture.com. Archived from the original on 11 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  53. ^ "Les lauréats des Prix La vague 2018 sont dévoilés". Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  54. ^ "'Capharnaüm' wins the North Sea Port Audience Award". Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  55. ^ "Les nominations pour Les Globes de Cristal 2019". Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  56. ^ Staff (6 December 2018). "'Vice,' 'The Assassination of Gianni Versace' lead 2019 Golden Globe nominations". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 6 December 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  57. ^ @AntalyaFilmFestivali (5 October 2018). "🍊 Genç Jüri Ödülü / Young Jury Award 🎬 Kefernahum / Capernaum" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  58. ^ @AntalyaFilmFestivali (5 October 2018). "🍊 En İyi Erkek Oyuncu / Best Actor 🎬 Zain Al Rafeea (Kefernahum / Capernaum)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  59. ^ @IFFR (1 February 2019). "Congratulations to the winner of the IFFR Audience Award!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  60. ^ "Capernaum wins the LIFF 2018 Audience Award for Best Fiction Feature". Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  61. ^ "MIFF 2018 Audience Awards". Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  62. ^ "Capernaum wins the Gigi Guermont Audience Award!". Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  63. ^ "MVFF41 Audience Favorite". Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  64. ^ "Awards presented at The 46th Norwegian International Film Festival". Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  65. ^ "2018 San Diego Film Critics Society Award Winners". San Diego Film Critics Society. 10 December 2018. Archived from the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  66. ^ "City of Donostia / San Sebastian Audience Award". SSIFF. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  67. ^ "42ª Mostra de Cinema de SP: mulheres são as grandes vencedoras". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  68. ^ "Audience Award of the 24th Sarajevo Film Festival". Sarajevo Film Festival. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  69. ^ "Annual StLFCA Awards". St. Louis Film Critics Association. 9 December 2018. Archived from the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  70. ^ "Green Book Wins Best Film, Capernaum, The Push Win Awards at 2018 St. Louis International Film Festival". Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  71. ^ "Stockholm Festival Winners Jasmin Mozaffari, Crystal Moselle Talk About Next Projects". Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  72. ^ "Här är vinnaren av årets publikpris". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  73. ^ "Winners of the 24th Vilinus IFF". Vilnius International Film Festival. 6 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  74. ^ Marr, Rhuaridh (3 December 2018). "'Roma,' 'A Star Is Born' lead winners at DC Film Critics awards". Metro Weekly. Archived from the original on 4 December 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.

External links[edit]