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Parasite140131-fig1 Capillaria plectropomi (Nematoda) - line drawings.tif
Capillaria plectropomi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Enoplea
Subclass: Enoplia
Order: Enoplida
Family: Capillariidae
Railliet, 1915

Capillariidae is a family of parasitic nematodes. All its members are parasites in vertebrates when they are in their adult stage.


The family Capillariidae was created by Railliet in 1915.[1] It is accepted in the most recent classifications of the Nematoda,[2] in which it is one of the members of the order Trichocephalida. However, Capillaria and closely related genera are sometimes included in the family Trichinellidae in other classifications.
The taxonomy of the Capillariidae is disputed: according to different classifications, the family includes the single genus Capillaria or 22 different genera (Amphibiocapillaria, Aonchotheca, Baruscapillaria, Calodium, Capillaria, Capillostrongyloides, Crocodylocapillaria, Echinocoleus, Eucoleus, Freitascapillaria, Gessyella, Liniscus, Paracapillaria, Paracapillaroides, Pearsonema, Paratrichosoma, Pseudocapillaria, Piscicapillaria, Pseudocapillaroides, Pterothominx, Schulmanela, and Tenoranema).[3] Old literature, and sometimes modern medical literature, use Capillaria as a genus for species included in all these genera. In contrast, certain species parasitic in fish, previously classified in Capillaria, are now considered members of the genus Huffmanela [3] (family Trichosomoididae).
The term Capillariasis is generally used for diseases produced by species of Capillaria, even if the species is now placed in another genus.


Species included in the Capillariidae include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Railliet, A. 1915: L'emploi des médicaments dans le traitement des maladies causées par des Nématodes. Recueil de Médecine Vétérinaire, Paris, 91, 490–513. [not seen]
  2. ^ Hodda, M. 2011: Phylum Nematoda Cobb 1932. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) 2011: Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 63–95. ISBN 978-1-86977-849-1 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7 (online edition) PDF
  3. ^ a b Moravec, F. 2001: Trichinelloid Nematodes parasitic in cold-blooded vertebrates. Academia, Praha, 432 pp. (list of genera in pages 30-32) (ISBN 8020008055)

External links[edit]