Capillary hemangioma

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Capillary hemangioma
A Capillary hemangioma scar
A small hemangioma of infancy
Classification and external resources
Specialty oncology
ICD-10 D18.0,(ILDS D18.015)
ICD-9-CM 757.32
ICD-O 9131/0
DiseasesDB 30032
eMedicine oph/691
MeSH D018324
Strawberry naevus, H&E stain

A capillary hemangioma (also known as an Infantile hemangioma,[1] Strawberry hemangioma,[2]:593 and Strawberry nevus[1]) is the most common variant of hemangioma which appears as a raised, red, lumpy area of flesh anywhere on the body, though 83% occur on the head or neck area.[3] These marks occur in about 10% of all births,[4]:81 and usually appear between one and four weeks after birth.[5] It may grow rapidly, before stopping and slowly fading. Some are gone by the age of 2, about 60% by 5 years, and 90–95% by 9 years.[5] Capillary hemangioma is a vascular anomaly.

Capillary hemangiomas occur 5 times more often in female infants than in males, and mostly in Caucasian populations.[3][6] Additionally, low birthweight infants have a 26% chance of developing a hemangioma.[3][6]

It is the most common tumor of orbit and periorbital areas in childhood. It may occur in the skin, subcutaneous tissues and mucous membranes of oral cavities and lips as well as in the liver, spleen and kidneys. While this birthmark may be alarming in appearance, physicians generally counsel that it be left to disappear on its own, unless it is in the way of vision or blocking the nostrils.[5]

Treatment[edit]

Oral propranolol appears to be the most effective treatment for reducing the size of capillary hemangiomas in children and is more effective than placebo, observation without intervention, or oral corticosteroids.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0. 
  2. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0.
  3. ^ a b c "Hemangioma Information". Vascular Birthmark Foundation. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  4. ^ Sadler, Thomas W. (2009). Langman's Medical Embryology. (11th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 1-60547-656-0.
  5. ^ a b c "Birthmarks". Parenting and Child Health website. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  6. ^ a b "Birthmarks". American Academy of Dermatology. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  7. ^ Chinnadurai, S; Fonnesbeck, C; Snyder, KM; Sathe, NA; Morad, A; Likis, FE; McPheeters, ML (February 2016). "Pharmacologic Interventions for Infantile Hemangioma: A Meta-analysis.". Pediatrics. 137 (2): e20153896. PMID 26772662. doi:10.1542/peds.2015-3896.