List of historical capitals of Egypt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Capital of Egypt)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The current capital of Egypt is Cairo. Over the course of history, however, Egypt's capital has changed.

List of Egyptian capitals[edit]

This is a list of Egyptian capitals in a chronological order.

  • Thinis (Actual Location Unknown) (before 2950 BC) the first capital of Upper and Lower Egypt
  • Memphis: (2950 BC - 2180 BC) - I - VIII dynasties
  • Herakleopolis Magna: (2180 BC - 2060 BC) - IX and X dynasties
  • Thebes: (2135 BC - 1985 BC) - XI dynasty
  • Itjtawy: (1985 BC - c.1700 BC) - XII dynasty to XIII dynasty before Merneferre Ay
  • Avaris: (1715 BC - 1580 BC) - XIV dynasty to XV dynasty (Hyksos)
  • Thebes: (c.1700 BC - c. 1353 BC) - XIII dynasty possibly starting from Merneferre Ay, then XVI dynasty to XVIII dynasty before Akhenaten
  • Akhetaten: (c. 1353 BC - c. 1332 BC) - Akhenaten of XVIII dynasty
  • Memphis: (c. 1332 BC - 1279 BC) - XVIII dynasty and XIX dynasty until Seti I
  • Pi-Ramesses: (1279 BC - 1078 BC) - XIX dynasty starting from Ramesses II and XX dynasty
  • Tanis: (1078 BC - 945 BC) - XXI dynasty
  • Bubastis/Tanis: (945 BC - 715 BC) - XXII dynasty
  • Leontopolis/Thebes: (818 BC - 715 BC) - XXIII dynasty
  • Sais: (725 BC - 715 BC) - XXIV dynasty
  • Napata/Memphis (715 BC - 664 BC): The Kushite XXV dynasty rulers were based in Napata, Sudan but ruled Egypt from Memphis
  • Sais: (664 BC - 525 BC) - XXVI dynasty

XXVII dynasty was Persian.

  • Sais: (404 BC - 399 BC) - XXVIII dynasty
  • Mendes: (399 BC - 380 BC) - XXIX dynasty
  • Sebennytos: (380 BC - 343 BC) - XXX dynasty

XXXI dynasty was Persian.

  • Alexandria: (332 BC - 641 AD) - Greco-Roman period

Muslim period:

See also[edit]