List of historical capitals of Egypt
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The current capital of Egypt is Cairo. Over the course of history, however, Egypt's capital has changed.
List of Egyptian capitals
This is a list of Egyptian capitals in a chronological order.
- Thinis (Actual Location Unknown) (before 2950 BC) the first capital of Upper and Lower Egypt
- Memphis: (2950 BC - 2180 BC) - I - VIII dynasties
- Herakleopolis Magna: (2180 BC - 2060 BC) - IX and X dynasties
- Thebes: (2135 BC - 1985 BC) - XI dynasty
- Itjtawy: (1985 BC - c.1700 BC) - XII dynasty to XIII dynasty before Merneferre Ay
- Avaris: (1715 BC - 1580 BC) - XIV dynasty to XV dynasty (Hyksos)
- Thebes: (c.1700 BC - c. 1353 BC) - XIII dynasty possibly starting from Merneferre Ay, then XVI dynasty to XVIII dynasty before Akhenaten
- Akhetaten: (c. 1353 BC - c. 1332 BC) - Akhenaten of XVIII dynasty
- Memphis: (c. 1332 BC - 1279 BC) - XVIII dynasty and XIX dynasty until Seti I
- Pi-Ramesses: (1279 BC - 1078 BC) - XIX dynasty starting from Ramesses II and XX dynasty
- Tanis: (1078 BC - 945 BC) - XXI dynasty
- Bubastis/Tanis: (945 BC - 715 BC) - XXII dynasty
- Leontopolis/Thebes: (818 BC - 715 BC) - XXIII dynasty
- Sais: (725 BC - 715 BC) - XXIV dynasty
- Napata/Memphis (715 BC - 664 BC): The Kushite XXV dynasty rulers were based in Napata, Sudan but ruled Egypt from Memphis
- Sais: (664 BC - 525 BC) - XXVI dynasty
XXVII dynasty was Persian.
- Sais: (404 BC - 399 BC) - XXVIII dynasty
- Mendes: (399 BC - 380 BC) - XXIX dynasty
- Sebennytos: (380 BC - 343 BC) - XXX dynasty
XXXI dynasty was Persian.
- Alexandria: (332 BC - 641 AD) - Greco-Roman period
- Fustat: (641 AD - 750 AD)
- Al-Askar: (750 - 868 AD)
- Al-Qata'i: (868 - 905 AD)
- Fustat: (905 - 972 AD)
- Cairo: the current capital since 972 AD
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