Capital of Texas

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Capital of Texas usually refers to the present capital of Austin, Texas; however several other locations have previously served as the capital of Texas:

  • Monclova, Coahuila – first provincial capital of Texas, 1686, and again in 1833 under Mexican Texas
  • Los Adaes under Spanish Texas – 1729 to 1770
  • province of Coahuila ,state of Coahuila y Tejas. January 23, 1691 to April 21, 1836 Texas was ruled by various Mexican governor's

April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston, Texas then became the Republic of Texas

During the period of the Republic of Texas (1836–1845) the capital of Texas moved from city to city. The Republic had an ad interim government from March 14 to September 1836, when the new nation's voters elected a government. In 1836, five sites served as temporary capitals of Texas (Washington-on-the-Brazos, Harrisburg, Galveston, Velasco and Columbia), before President Sam Houston moved the capital to Houston in 1837.

  • Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas– March 1, 1836 to March 17, 1836
  • Harrisburg Texas – March 21-April, 1836, temporary headquarters
  • Velasco, Texas – April 1836 to September 1836
  • Columbia, Texas– October 1836, first capital of the elected government of the Republic of Texas
  • Galveston Texas – 1837 to 1839
  • Austin, Texas – 1839 to present day, In 1837 settlers founded the village of Waterloo on the banks of the Colorado River, the first permanent settlement in the area. By 1839, Waterloo would adopt the name Austin and become the capital of the Republic of Texas.