Capital of Texas
Capital of Texas usually refers to the present capital of Austin, Texas; however several other locations served as the capital of Texas:
- Monclova, Coahuila – first provincial capital of Texas, 1686, and again in 1833 under Mexican Texas
- Los Adaes under Spanish Texas – 1729 to 1770
- San Antonio – 1771 to 1835, under Spanish Texas (1771 to 1821) and Mexican Texas (1821 and 1836)
- San Felipe de Austin, Texas – colonial capital of Texas, 1824, and provisional government of Texas November 1835 – March 1836
- Harrisburg – December 30, 1835 – February 1836
During the period of the Republic of Texas (1836–1845) the capital of Texas moved from city to city. The Republic had an Ad interim government from March 14 to September 1836, when the new nation's voters elected a government.
- Washington-on-the-Brazos – March 1, 1836 to March 17, 1836
- Groce's Landing, Brazos River – March–April 1836, temporary headquarters in flight from the Mexican army
- Harrisburg – March 21-April, 1836, temporary headquarters in flight from the Mexican army
- New Washington – April 1836, in flight from the Mexican army
- Galveston Island – April 1836, in flight from the Mexican army
- Velasco – April–September, 1836
- Columbia – October 1836, first capital of the elected government of the Republic of Texas
- Houston – 1837 to 1839
- Austin – 1839 to present day (formerly known as Waterloo)
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