Capital punishment in Austria was abolished in 1787, although restored in 1795.
The method of execution in Austria was hanging until the annexation by Nazi Germany (1938-1945) when it was replaced by guillotine. After World War II hanging was re-introduced by the British. The last person to be executed in Austria was Johann Trnka. He was hanged on March 24, 1950 for the crime of murder. Capital punishment for murder was abolished on June 30 that year; for all crimes in February 1968. Austria is a state party to the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR (ratified 1993), Protocol No. 6 to ECHR (1984), and Protocol No. 13 to ECHR (2004).