Capitol Air

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the mid-20th century North American airline. For airlines with similar names, see Capital Airlines (disambiguation).
Capitol Air
CapitolAir3.JPG
IATA ICAO Callsign
CL
Founded 1946
Hubs John F. Kennedy International Airport, Brussels, Belgium and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Destinations Los Angeles (LAX), Chicago O'Hare (ORD), Brussels (BRU), Frankfurt (FRA), Paris, France (LBG) Aguadilla (BQN), San Juan (SJU) and Puerto Plata (POP)
A Boeing 727-200 of Capitol Air.

Capitol Air, originally founded as Capitol Airways in 1946, and then renamed Capitol International Airways in 1967,[1] was a charter airline from the United States, which was operational from 1946 to 1984.[2] It was founded by former Army Air Corps pilots, Jesse Stallings, Richmond McGinnis, and Francis Roach, following the end of World War II. The European Director of Operations was Chuck Carr, the Director France Michel Lelièvre and the LBG Airport Manager, P. Landelle. Gatwick Ops was the European Office. In the late 1970s, Capitol Air became a scheduled air carrier following the passage of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. The airline was incorporated in Delaware but headquartered in Smyrna, Tennessee. In 1980, the airline changed its name to Capitol Air.[3]

Capitol Air maintained a large presence in the eastern United States and Europe.[4][5] Its hubs were John F. Kennedy International Airport Hangar 11 in New York City, Brussels, Belgium and San Juan, Puerto Rico. From New York/JFK Capitol Air served Los Angeles (LAX), Chicago O'Hare (ORD), Brussels (BRU), Frankfurt (FRA), Paris, France (LBG) Aguadilla (BQN), San Juan (SJU) and Puerto Plata (POP). From San Juan its served Miami, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and Santo Domingo. Even though Capitol commenced scheduled passenger operations, charters were still a big part of its operations. Many of the charters operated into San Juan, Puerto Rico were for Canadian tour operators that required passenger air service in conjunction with cruises that departed San Juan every Saturday.

Capitol Air also operated many charter flights for the United States military. One major trunk route in the mid-1970s connected Rhein-Main Air Base (Frankfurt), Germany to Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina with a refueling stop at Bradley Air National Guard Base (co-located with Bradley International Airport) in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

Capitol Air declared bankruptcy in the mid-1980s after George Batchelor, now Capitol's owner, had largely dismantled the airline in favor of his newly acquired venture, Arrow Air, another formerly all-charter air carrier that eventually initiated scheduled passenger airline operations.

Early history[edit]

Capitol Airways was founded on June 11, 1946[1] by Jesse F. Stallings (1909-1979), an airline captain, and Richmond Mclnnis, his associate. During the first few years, Capitol Airways operated a flight school and aircraft sales agency at Cumberland Field in Nashville, Tennessee.

Capitol Airways Constellation at Shannon Airport in 1961

By the early 1950s Capitol operated a fleet of piston engine transport planes including DC-3s and Lockheed Lodestars. Capitol Airways began to transport priority freight for the U.S. Air Force in 1954. By 1956, Capitol was operating a fleet of more than twenty Curtiss C-46 transport planes, and had become a primary civilian carrier for the military's Logistic Air Support (LOGAIR) program. Capitol then entered the international charter flight market, operating a fleet of Lockheed Constellations. By the late 1950s, Capitol moved all of its flight operations to Wilmington, Delaware at New Castle Airport.[6]

In 1963 Capitol Airways was one of the first charter airlines to operate jet aircraft in the form of a new Douglas DC-8. In 1964, a Capitol-operated DC-8 set a world record in commercial aviation by flying nonstop from Tokyo, Japan to Wilmington, Delaware in 12 hours and 25 minutes. During the 1960s, the airline's civilian and military air cargo operations increased.

In 1967 Capitol added "International" to its name and was operating six "straight" DC-8 jets and three "stretched" Super DC-8 versions along with their fleet of piston engine propeller aircraft. In 1971 Capitol International Airways moved to Smyrna, Tennessee,[6] at Sewart Air Force Base. Capitol remained strong as a military contract air carrier.

Scheduled passenger destinations in 1981[edit]

According to the Capitol Air system timetable dated November 5, 1981, the airline was operating scheduled passenger service to the following domestic and international destinations:[7]

The above referenced timetable also states that all flights were being operated with stretched, Super Douglas DC-8 and wide body McDonnell Douglas DC-10 jetliners at this time.

Capitol Air's hub for scheduled passenger operations at this time was New York JFK Airport with nonstop transatlantic flights being operated from JFK to Brussels, Frankfurt and Zurich in Europe as well as transcontinental nonstops to Los Angeles and San Francisco in addition to nonstops to Chicago, Puerto Plata and San Juan.[7] The airline was also operating nonstop flights from Chicago to Los Angeles, Miami and San Francisco, and from San Juan nonstop to Boston, Miami and Newark at this same time. By 1982, Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (BQN) and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (PHL) had been added to Capitol Air's scheduled route system.[8]

Aircraft fleet[edit]

Capitol operated the following aircraft types during its existence:[9][10]

Incidents[edit]

During the early 1980s, one of Capitol Air's DC-8s was hijacked and diverted to Cuba.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Planespotters.net history of Capitol Airways
  2. ^ Information about Capitol Airways at the Aviation Safety Network
  3. ^ "Airlines Remembered" by B.I. Hengi, publisher Midland Publishing
  4. ^ Capitol Air 1979 timetable, at timetableimages.com
  5. ^ Capitol Airways 1981 timetable and route map, at departedflights.com
  6. ^ a b Aerodacious history of Capitol Airways
  7. ^ a b http://www.departedflights.com, Nov. 5, 1981 Capitol Air system timetable
  8. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1982 Capitol Air route map
  9. ^ http://www.airliners.net, photos of Capitol Air and Capitol International Airways aircraft
  10. ^ "Airlines Remembered" by B.I. Hengi, publisher Midland Publishing

External links[edit]