Capiz

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Capiz (disambiguation).
Capiz
Province
Province of Capiz
Flag of Capiz
Flag
Official seal of Capiz
Seal
Anthem: O, Capiz
Map of the Philippines with Capiz highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Capiz highlighted
Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.383°N 122.633°E / 11.383; 122.633Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.383°N 122.633°E / 11.383; 122.633
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Discovered 1566
Encomienda 1569
Politico-Military Province 1716
Founded April 15, 1901
Capital Roxas City
Government
 • Governor Victor A. Tanco (LP)
 • Vice Governor Nonoy Contreras (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 2,594.64 km2 (1,001.80 sq mi)
Area rank 55th out of 80
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 719,685
 • Rank 36th out of 80
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
 • Density rank 21st out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 16
 • Barangays 473
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Capiz
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 5800 - 5816
Dialing code 36
ISO 3166 code PH-CAP
Spoken languages Capiznon, Hiligaynon, Kinaray-a, Tagalog, English
Website capiz.gov.ph

Capiz is a 1st class province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north. Capiz is known for the Placuna placenta oyster shell that has the same name locally and is used for decoration and making lampshades, trays, window and doors. Likewise, the province is known as the Seafood Capital of the Philippines[3] and was among the top 15 most frequently visited places in the Philippines.[4] Capiz is the site of the famous coral-stone Sta. Monica Church in the town of Pan-ay, home to the largest Catholic Church bell in Asia. The bell was made from 70 sacks of gold and silver coins donated by the townsfolk. Measuring seven feet in diameter, five feet in height and weighing 10,400 kilograms or just over 10 metric tons, the Pan-ay bell is popular among tourists visiting Capiz.

An inscription on the bell reads:
“Soy la voz de Diosquellevare y ensalzaredesde el principio hasta el fin de este Pueblo de Panay para que los fieles de Jesus vengan a esta casa de Dios a recibirlas gracias celestials.”
Translated to English, this means:
“I am God’s voice which I shall echo and praise from one end to the other of the town of Panay, so that the faithful followers of Christ may come to this house of God to receive the heavenly graces.”[5]

Geography[edit]

Capiz is located at the heart of the Philippine Archipelago, on the northeast portion of Panay Island, Capiz is one of the six provinces that compose the Western Visayas Region. Capiz is made up of 473 barangays, 16 municipalities and a city. Roxas City, the capital of Capiz, is only 45 minutes away by plane from Manila and is within the routes of major shipping lines. The Panay river used to be famous for the great number of crocodiles thriving there. Capiz is bounded by the Mindoro sea, the Panay, Loctugan and Ivisan rivers.

Political map of Capiz

Subdivisions[edit]

Capiz is subdivided into 1 city (Roxas), 16 municipalities, and 473 Barangays (villages) with 2 Congressional districts.

City/Municipality Population¹ Area (km²) Pop. density (per km²) Income Class Total LGU Income² Legislative District
Cuartero 25,456 106.58 238.84 4th Class 51,807,633.93 2nd
Dao 31,911 88.64 360.01 4th Class 55,683,919.00 2nd
Dumalag 29,298 109.18 268.35 4th Class 50,917,716.00 2nd
Dumarao 43,986 232.56 189.14 2nd Class 74,850,717.00 2nd
Ivisan 26,763 54.20 493.78 4th Class 49,159,265.99 2nd
Jamindan 35,002 412.03 84.95 2nd Class 80,770,406.34 2nd
Maayon 36,340 142.32 255.34 3rd Class 62,389,825.36 1st
Mambusao 37,672 136.91 275.16 3rd Class 65,968,896.77 2nd
Panay 43,449 116.37 373.37 3rd Class 67,534,183.43 1st
Panitan 37,895 89.88 421.62 3rd Class 64,940,309.02 1st
Pilar 41,572 77.99 533.04 3rd Class 60,668,474.00 1st
Pontevedra 43,525 130.90 332.51 3rd Class 69,917,580.42 1st
President Roxas 28,561 77.88 366.73 4th Class 55,225,986.41 1st
Roxas City 156,197 95.07 1,642.97 2nd Class; Component City 595,033,140.04 1st
Sapian 24,779 105.24 235.45 4th Class 46,958,377.00 2nd
Sigma 29,138 101.71 286.48 4th Class 57,250,740.00 2nd
Tapaz 48,051 517.18 92.91 1st Class 197,622,649.18 2nd
Province of Capiz 719,595 2,594.64 277.34 1st Class; Province

¹2010 Census ²Local Governance Performance Management System

History[edit]

The account of early Spanish explorers about Capiz and its People was traced back in the year 1566 when the Spaniards set foot in the mouth of Banica river. Early settlements were seen in the town of Pan-ay which the town originally called Bamban which was changed by the early Spaniards to Panay, a word which means “mouth of the river.” This is also the location of a fortress built by Juan de la Isla in late 1570. The Paseo de Evangelizacion 1566 can be found in the town plaza and was erected through the efforts of Rev. Msgr. Benjamin F. Advincula.

When the Spaniards led by Miguel López de Legazpi came to Panay from Cebu in 1569, they found people with tattoos, and so they called the island Isla de los Pintados.[6] How the island itself came to be called Panay is uncertain. The Aeta called it Aninipay, after a plant that abounded in the island. Legend has it that López de Legazpi and his men, in search of food, exclaimed upon the island, pan hay en esta isla!. They established their first settlement on the island at the mouth of the Banica River and called it Pan-ay. This was the second Spanish settlement in the Philippines, following San Miguel, Cebu. Unknown to many, Calle Revolución in Panay town is the second oldest street in the Philippines after Calle Colon in Cebu City.

Later in 1569, Captain Diego de Artieda, who was sent by Legazpi, landed in the Town of Panay and proclaimed it as the capital of the province. Later, the Spaniards moved the capital to its present site upon discovering the town of Capiz (not the province, and now Roxas City) which was near the sea and provided docking facilities.

The province was created a separate “encomienda” and was later organized into a politico-military unit in 1716. The American takeover of the Philippines resulted in the establishment of a civil government in Capiz on April 15, 1901 by virtue of Act 115.[7]

In 1942, the region was occupied by Japanese troops. In 1945, the region was liberated by the joint Filipino and American troops with Capiznon guerrillas.

Capiz and Aklan were united under one province until April 25, 1956, when President Ramon Magsaysay signed into law Republic Act 1414 separating the two entities.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Capiz
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 584,091 —    
1995 624,469 +1.26%
2000 654,156 +1.00%
2007 701,664 +0.97%
2010 719,685 +0.93%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Historians and ethnologists narrowed down to three types of people known to have inhabited Capiz: Aeta, popularly known as Negritos; Indonesian descendants of the Mundo tribe in central Panay; and the Malays.

Sulod Tribe[edit]

Located in Tapaz, Capiz, it is a cultural minority of Indonesian stock that worships spirits, practice secondary burial, and hunt with blowguns. The Sulod love personal ornaments. The necklace worn is not only an ornament and a status symbol but also an anting-anting or amulet.

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism remains influential in the lives of most people living in Capiz especially in the fields of politics, education and even in their daily personal decisions. Roman Catholics are predominant with 93 percent adherence while minorities are Born Again Christians, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Methodists,The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Baptists and Jehovah's Witnesses among others.

Language[edit]

Capiznon and Hiligaynon are the local languages. Filipino is also used and understood. English is the business language and spoken widely. Capiznon is concentrated in the province of Capiz in the northeast of Panay Island. It is a member of the Visayan language family and the people are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. It is often confused with Ilonggo or Hiligaynon, but it has its own unique vocabulary and accent.

Economy[edit]

With its 80-kilometer coastline and wide expanse of swampy lands easily converted into fishponds, Capiz is dubbed as the “Seafood Capital of the Philippines”. It holds one of the richest fishing grounds and is a major contributor in the aquamarine industry of the Philippines. Farming and fishing are the primary sources of income for the people. The combined natural bounty of land and sea sustain a vibrant food industry. Primary agricultural raw products are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana and cut flower. Apart from a surplus of agricultural products, Capiz is also a major supplier of prawn and milk fish. Other agro-industrial harvests include blue marlin, squid, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, and angel wings. Rich fish ponds attract investors to venture into prawn culture, prawn feed manufacture, seaweed farming and the distribution and processing of other marine products. A robust workforce of 445,246 operates with a literacy rate of 92.04%. The agricultural sector ensures the province as one of the wealthiest in the Western Visayas Region. Its relatively unexplored caves are said to have high deposits of mineral resources such as limestone, gold and metal.

Telecommunications[edit]

Four big telecommunication companies offer telegraph, telex and telephone services. Communication facilities are catered by the Philippine Long Distance and Telephone Company (PLDT), Bureau of Telecommunications (BUTEL), PT&T, RCPI-Bayantel, Globelines-Islacom and cellular phone companies: Smart, Globe, Touch Mobile & Sun Cellular. Internet services are also available like PLDT Vibe.

Broadcast Communications[edit]

Broadcast media is catered by 4 radio stations namely: AM - DYJJ, DYOW - Bombo Radyo, DYVR - Radio Agong / RMN - FM.-Star FM. Television facilities reach the city through Iloilo. However, we have two (2) cable television provided by Wesfardell Cable Services and the Filvision, Inc. (Altocable). An ABS-CBN Television relay station is now operating in the city.

Banks[edit]

There are more than 60 banking institutions and 116 intermediaries operating in the province.

Capiz Products[edit]

Some popular Capiz shell chips decorating design include gift items, indoor decoration and outdoor decoration ornaments. Capiz chip-made products range from lanterns, lamp shades, window pane, chandeliers, curtains, picture panels and frames, Capiz shell balls, plates, decorative bowls, candle holders, tiles, flower vase, door hanging chime, soapdish, pendant, globelight, necklace decor, beads, bird cage, floor lamp holders, faux chandelier, gift boxes, collection item rack and many more. This alone is proof to the wonders of the captivating Capiz treasures. Bulad or dried fish is a major product of the province of Capiz considering that it is blessed with miles and miles of rich coasts. There are several varieties of dried fishes that can be found in Capiz that makes it captivating.

The New Capiz (Pueblo de Panay)[edit]

A New Capiz is rising[8] has been envisioned by Pueblo de Panay Inc. as a center for economic and social progress. Pueblo de Panay is owned and developed by Pueblo de Panay, Inc. and master-planned by Blue Chip Builders, Inc. The 400-hectare Pueblo de Panay was started to develop since 2011 and one of the biggest townships in the Philippines. As of 2014, it is the site of various residential, commercial, educational, and government establishments. The proponents envision Pueblo de Panay as an eco-tourism business district which would have various investors as locators while promoting ecotourism activities in Roxas City and the rest of the province of Capiz.

Pueblo de Panay Locators[edit]

  • Robinson's Place Roxas
  • El Circulo Convention Center
  • Café Terraza
  • Hotel Veronica
  • Urban Manor Hotel
  • Festa Resto
  • Café Pueblo
  • Ramboys Restaurant
  • Punta Dulog
  • NBI Satellite Office
  • Panay Cold Chain Services Corporation
  • Pag-Ibig Office


Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

The province has currently one non-voice outsourcing company - PETRA Academy. PETRA Academy serves Korean nationals for an online English tutorial. The company is located in 3/F JC TIU Building, Corner Burgos Street and Inzo Arnaldo, Roxas City. Pueblo de Panay township has allotted 7 hectares for Pueblo de Panay Technopark. The PEZA-approved technopark will house international and national BPO companies soon.

Culture[edit]

Capiz is known for the brilliant Capiz shell produced here, it is used in making windows, lanterns, decorations, vases, etc. The Capiz shell has a luster similar to mother of pearl shells.

Hymn[edit]

Main article: O, Capiz

The province has an official hymn, "O, Capiz", written in Capiznon by Charmaine Ocbeña Guartero and adopted on June 23, 2006.

Folk Dances[edit]

Capiz is one of the places in the Philippines that contributed a lot in Philippine folk dancing. The province alone has 19 Visayan folk dances such as "Tinolabong", "Gayong-gayong", "Timawa", Dagit-dagit", "Beneracion", "Tatay Meroy Cariñosa", "Pukol", "Habanera Capiceña", "Cabatingan", "Saad", "Pitik Mingaw", "Kuratsa Capiceña", and "Palomita Coquitana" to name a few.

Festivals[edit]

  • Saot Capiz - A cultural presentation - The First Capiz Dance Season held every Saturday at the Capiz Provincial Park, Roxas City. This was participated by the different Performing Groups in the Province of Capiz.
  • Sinadya sa Halaran - Is a merging of the Roxas City Fiesta "Sinadya" and the Province celebration of "Halaran". "Sinadya sa Halaran" is a commemoration of the feast of the patroness of Roxas City which is the Immaculate Conception and a thanksgiving. It literally means "Joy in Sharing and Thanksgiving". Rituals and festivities of every municipalities where captivated in this occasion. Fireworks, grand parade, fluvial processions, fair and food festival, street dancing, and exhibits are some of the things to see of this event.
  • Pangahaw Festival - A thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest by the Indigenous Peoples of Jamindan. It is during this time when all the members of the family come together and share.
  • Guyum-Guyuman Festival - "Caguyuman" the old name of Pontevedra, meaning anthill, a name distinct for ants' house was once a part of the municipality of Pan-ay mainly because of its rich and abundant natural resources both from the coastal and upland areas. People from the nearby municipalities of Panay, Panitan, Maayon and Pres. Roxas, would thrive in the market place like swarm of ants for trading. This rich tradition is now a celebration of life and thanksgiving for all Caguyumanons.
  • Talahong Festival - Talaba and tahong is very rich in production in these areas. More than a hundred fisherfolk live along the coast. Since Sapian is abundant with seafoods, it was the initiative of the Local Government Unit to organize a Talahong Festival (Talaba-Tahong) every 2nd Friday and 2nd Saturday of May that promotes the local products at its best.
  • Tagbuan Festival - It was conceptualized during the Pre-Spanish time, wherein there were aetas in the upland barangay.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Roxas Airport is an airport serving the general area of Roxas City, the capital of the province of Capiz, in the Philippines. is an airport serving the general area of Roxas City, the capital of the province of Capiz, in the Philippines. The airport is classified as a Class 1 principal airport, by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. Roxas Airport has 3 flights daily and 4 flights on selected days courtesy of Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Tiger Air Philippines.

Land[edit]

The primary transportation vehicle used in Roxas City and other municipalities in Capiz is the tricycle. "Capiz Cab", the city's taxi that plys Roxas City and the 16 municipalities of the Capiz. Capiz Cabs are the first receipt-issuing taxis in the Philippines apart from those operating out of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport.

Sea[edit]

Inter and provincial mobility of residents and their cargo is serviced by vans, buses and jeepneys. Sea transportation (cargo vessel) is served by Moreta Lines plying the route of Roxas to Manila. Roll On-Roll Off (Ro-Ro) are served by two (2) shipping companies namely Super Shuttle Roro 2 and 2Go to fetch passengers from Roxas City to Batangas City via Odiongan, Romblon. Inter-island shipping is also served from Roxas City to the following locationns such as: Balud, Masbate; Mandaon, Masbate; Sibuyan Island, Romblon; Cadiz, Negros Occidental; Guimaras Island; and Estancia, Iloilo.

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

  • Daisy Avellana, actress and theater director.[9]
  • Barbie Almalbis, Singer, former frontman of Hungry Young Poets and Barbie's Cradle.
  • Maria Margarita Moran Roxas - Floirendo - Bb. Pilipinas-Universe 1973, Miss Universe 1973 winner. A granddaughter of former Philippine President Manuel Roxas, she has also been known as Margie Morán Róxas and later as Margie Morán Róxas De Floirendo or simply Margie Morán. She is so far the last Philippine representative to the Miss Universe Pageant to bring home the crown.
  • Geraldine Villarruz Asis - Bb. Pilipinas-Universe 1987, Miss Universe 1987 finalist.
  • Sharmaine Arnaiz was born Sharmila Velasco Pribhdas-Shahani to an Indian father and a mother from Legaspi St., Roxas City. She has a younger sister who is also an actress named Bunny Paras and their mother is the sister of the mother of Patrick Garcia and Cheska Garcia.
  • Paolo Bediones is a Filipino commercial model, television host, journalist, newscaster, and radio announcer.

Social Sciences[edit]

Media[edit]

An asterisk marks the relay station direct feed from Manila or other areas from the networks except ABS-CBN, GMA Network and CCTN for inclusion of local commercial during the break and local production of the said networks.

Local government media bureau[edit]

  • Capiz Provincial Press Bureau (print and broadcast)
  • Roxas City Press Bureau (print and broadcast)
  • Philippine Information Agency (PIA, print)

Television[edit]

Networks:

Cable television stations:

  • Wesfardell Cable Communications
  • Filvision Alto Cable TV

Radio[edit]

AM stations:

FM stations:

Newspapers[edit]

Regional

  • Panay News
  • Sun Star
  • The Daily Guardian
  • The News Today
  • Visayan Daily Star

Local

List of schools[edit]

  • AMA Computer Learning Center - ROXAS (Fuentes Drive, Roxas City)
  • Banate Elementary School
  • Capiz Institute of Electronics
  • Cabugcabug National High School - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Class
  • Cabugcabug National High School - President, Roxas, Capiz (formerly Cabugcabug Barangay High School)
  • Capiz National High School (the original Capiz High School)
  • Capiz National High School Capiz National High School
  • Capiz State University (formerly Capiz Institute of Technology)
  • Capiz State University (formerly Panay State Polytechnic College)
  • Capiz State University (PSPC-Agri-Science)-Poblacion, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University (PSPC)-Burias, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University-Dayao, Roxas City
  • Capiz State University-Dumarao
  • Capiz State University-Pilar
  • Capiz State University-Pontevedra
  • Capiz State University-Sapian
  • Capiz State University-Sigma
  • Capiz State University-Tapaz
  • Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion (CPC) Main & Annex
  • College of St. John-Roxas
  • Commissioner Luis Asis National High School
  • Concepcion Castro Garcia National High School, Dumalag, Capiz
  • Cong. Ramon A. Arnaldo High School (formerly City Of Roxas High School)
  • Cuartero National High School
  • Culasi National High School
  • David Moises Memorial High School-Balit, Mambusao
  • Dean Alberto Villarruz College
  • Don Antonio Belo Memorial School
  • Don Felix Balgos National High School
  • Don Maximo Dais Memorial School
  • Dumalag Central National High School
  • Dumalag Vocational-Technical School
  • Duran Element University
  • Elizalde Academy Inc., President Roxas, Capiz
  • Filamer Christian University
  • Feliciano Consing Memorial School
  • Hercor College
  • Hipona Elementary School(Hipona, Pontevedra, Capiz)
  • Hipona National High School
  • Ivisan National High School
  • Jagnaya National High School
  • Lantangan Elementary School
  • Life Goal International Institute
  • Malonoy National High School
  • Mambusao East National High School-Atiplo, Mambusao
  • Mambusao National High School-Tumalalud, Mambusao
  • Manapao Elementary School
  • Milibili National High School
  • Our Lady of Fatima Academy
  • Our Lady of Grace Academy (OLGA), Lonoy, Roxas City
  • Our Lady of Snows Institute, Dumarao, Capiz
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Academy (OLMHRA), Tapaz, Capiz
  • PACE Computer College
  • Panitan National High School
  • Parish School of Saint Isidor (PSSI), Pontevedra, Capiz
  • Pontevedra Christian School (Formerly PBC-CLC Pontevedra Baptist Church Child Learning Center)
  • Pontevedra Elementary School
  • Pontevedra national High School
  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School – North, South, and SpED
  • President Roxas East Elementary School, President Roxas, Capiz
  • President Roxas West Elementary School, President Roxas, Capiz
  • Professor Viterbo Memorial School
  • Ramon A. Benjamin Sr. National High School
  • Roxas City School for Philippine Craftsmen (RCSPC)
  • Saint Catherine Academy-Mambusao
  • Saint Mary's Academy of Capiz (SMAC)
  • Sancta Maria Mater et Regina Seminarium
  • Sigma Elementary School (SES)
  • St. Anthony College of Nursing
  • St. Joseph Diocesan School (SJDS), President Roxas, Capiz
  • St. Martin Academy, Dumalag, Capiz
  • St. Pius X Seminary
  • St Vincent College of Business and Accountancy
  • Step By Step Christian Academy
  • Vicente Andaya Sr. National High School

Hospitals[edit]

  • Roxas Memorial Provincial Hospital (formerly Roxas Memorial General Hospital)
  • Capiz Emmanuel Hospital
  • St. Anthony College Hospital
  • Health Centrum
  • Capiz Doctors Hospital
  • Mambusao General Hospital
  • Sen. Gerry Roxas District Hospital (Dao District Hospital)
  • Bailan District Hospital
  • Maayon Clinic

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.roxascity.gov.ph
  4. ^ "More tourists visiting Capiz". Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  5. ^ http://historicphilippines.com/historic-churches-ii/st-monica-the-big-bell-panay-capiz/
  6. ^ http://ilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-1.html
  7. ^ "Capiz now 109 years old". Philippine Information Agency. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "A new Capiz is rising". Retrieved 13 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Cadiz, Gibbs (2013-05-13). "National Artist for Theater Daisy Avellana dies; 96". Del Norte Triplicate. 
  10. ^ "A". Women of History. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  11. ^ TV5 (A.K.A ABC 5 over NTC retrieved via www.ntc.gov.ph 04-03-2014
  12. ^ TV5 soon to be broadcast in Roxas City via TV5 claims lead over GMA7 in viewer ratings for key provincial cities retrieved via www.interaksyon.com 11-23-2012
  13. ^ TV5 claims leadership over GMA in six key cities retrieved via www.manilatimes.net 1127-2012
  14. ^ TV5 overtakes GMA-7 in six key cities in the Philippines, based on Nielsen data retrieved via www.pep.ph 11-27-2012
  15. ^ Aksyon TV (A.K.A GV Bctg System over NTC website) retrieved via www.ntc.gov.ph 04-03-2014

External links[edit]