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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Capiz (disambiguation).
Province of Capiz
Flag of Capiz
Official seal of Capiz
Anthem: O, Capiz
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.38°N 122.63°E / 11.38; 122.63Coordinates: 11°23′N 122°38′E / 11.38°N 122.63°E / 11.38; 122.63
Country Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Discovered 1566
Encomienda 1569
Politico-Military Province 1716
Founded April 15, 1901
Capital Roxas
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Antonio del Rosario (LP)
 • Vice Governor Esteban Contreras (LP)
 • Total 2,594.64 km2 (1,001.80 sq mi)
Area rank 52nd out of 81
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 761,384
 • Rank 38th out of 81
 • Density 290/km2 (760/sq mi)
 • Density rank 25th out of 81
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 473
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Capiz
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 5800–5816
IDD:area code +63 (0)36
ISO 3166 code PH-CAP
Spoken languages

Capiz is a province located in the region of Western Visayas in the central section of the Philippines. Its capital is the city of Roxas and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north.

Capiz is known for the Placuna placenta oyster shell that has the same name locally and is used for decoration and making lampshades, trays, window and doors. Likewise, the province is known as the "Seafood Capital of the Philippines"[3] and was among the top 15 most frequently visited places in the Philippines.[4] Capiz is the site of the famous coral-stone Santa Monica Church in the town of Pan-ay, home to the largest Catholic Church bell in Asia. The bell was made from 70 sacks of gold and silver coins donated by the townsfolk. Measuring seven feet in diameter, five feet in height and weighing 10,400 kilograms or just over 10 metric tons, the Pan-ay bell is popular among tourists visiting Capiz.


The account of early Spanish explorers about Capiz and its people was traced back in the year 1566 when the Spaniards set foot in the mouth of Banica river. Early settlements were seen in the town of Pan-ay which the town originally called "Bamban" which was changed by the early Spaniards to "Panay", a word which means "mouth of the river." This is also the location of a fortress built by Juan de la Isla in late 1570. The Paseo de Evangelizacion 1566 can be found in the town plaza and was erected through the efforts of Rev. Msgr. Benjamin F. Advincula.

When the Spaniards led by Miguel López de Legazpi came to Panay from Cebu in 1569, they found people with tattoos, and so they called the island Isla de los Pintados.[5] How the island itself came to be called Panay is uncertain. The Aeta called it Aninipay, after a plant that abounded in the island. Legend has it that López de Legazpi and his men, in search of food, exclaimed upon the island, pan hay en esta isla!. They established their first settlement on the island at the mouth of the Banica River and called it Pan-ay. This was the second Spanish settlement in the Philippines, following San Miguel, Cebu. Unknown to many, Calle Revolución in Panay town is the second oldest street in the Philippines after Calle Colon in Cebu City, Central Visayas.

Later in 1569, Captain Diego de Artieda, who was sent by Legazpi, landed in the Town of Panay and proclaimed it as the capital of the province. Later, the Spaniards moved the capital to its present site upon discovering the town of Capiz (not the province, and now Roxas City) which was near the sea and provided docking facilities.

The province was created a separate encomienda and was later organized into a politico-military unit in 1716. The American takeover of the Philippines resulted in the establishment of a civil government in Capiz on April 15, 1901 by virtue of Act 115.[6]

In 1942, the region was occupied by Japanese troops. In 1945, the region was liberated by the joint Filipino and American troops with Capiznon guerrillas.

Capiz and Aklan were united under one province until April 25, 1956, when President Ramon Magsaysay signed into law Republic Act 1414 separating the two entities.[7]


Ph fil capiz.png

Capiz covers a total area of 2,594.64 square kilometres (1,001.80 sq mi)[8]   occupying the northeastern portion of Panay Island, and is one of the six provinces that compose the Western Visayas region. It comprises 473 barangays, 16 municipalities and a city. Roxas City, the provincial capital, is only 45 minutes away by plane from Manila and is within the routes of major shipping lines. The Panay River used to be famous for the great number of crocodiles thriving there. Capiz is bounded by the Mindoro Sea, the Panay, Loctugan and Ivisan rivers.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Capiz comprises 1 city (Roxas) and 16 municipalities, further subdivided into 473 barangays, with 2 congressional districts.

  •  †  Provincial capital and component city
  •      Municipality


Population census
of Capiz
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 492,231 —    
1990 584,091 +1.73%
1995 624,469 +1.35%
2000 654,156 +0.93%
2007 701,664 +1.01%
2010 719,685 +0.85%
2015 761,384 +1.13%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][9][9]

The population of Capiz in the 2015 census was 761,384 people,[2] with a density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre or 750 inhabitants per square mile.


Historians and ethnologists narrowed down to three types of people known to have inhabited Capiz: Aeta, popularly known as Negritos; Indonesian descendants of the Mundo tribe in central Panay; and the Malays.

Sulod tribe[edit]

Located in Tapaz, it is a cultural minority of Indonesian stock that worships spirits, practice secondary burial, and hunt with blowguns. The Sulod love personal ornaments. The necklace worn is not only an ornament and a status symbol but also an anting-anting or amulet.


Roman Catholicism remains influential in the lives of most people living in Capiz especially in the fields of politics, education and even in their daily personal decisions. Roman Catholics are predominant with 70 percent[citation needed] adherence, the Aglipayan Church has a strong minority with 20 percent[citation needed] while other minorities are Born Again Christians, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Methodists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Baptists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Seventh-day Adventists among others.


There are two main local languages: Capiznon and Hiligaynon. Filipino and English are also used and understood as the business languages and are widely spoken as second languages respectively.

Capiznon is concentrated in the province of Capiz in the northeast of Panay. It is a member of the Visayan language family and the people using it are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group. It is often confused with Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, but it has its own unique vocabulary and accent, as well as a handful of words unique to the language itself.


With its 80-kilometer coastline and wide expanse of swampy lands easily converted into fishponds, Capiz is dubbed as the "Seafood Capital of the Philippines". It holds one of the richest fishing grounds and is a major contributor in the aquamarine industry of the Philippines. Farming and fishing are the primary sources of income for the people. The combined natural bounty of land and sea sustain a vibrant food industry. Primary agricultural raw products are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana and cut flower.

Apart from a surplus of agricultural products, Capiz is also a major supplier of prawn and milkfish (bangus). Other agro-industrial harvests include blue marlin, squid, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, and angel wings. Rich fish ponds attract investors to venture into prawn culture, prawn feed manufacture, seaweed farming and the distribution and processing of other marine products. A robust workforce of 445,246 operates with a literacy rate of 92.04%. Its relatively unexplored caves are said to have high deposits of mineral resources such as limestone, gold and metal.


Four big telecommunication companies offer telegraph, telex and telephone services. Communication facilities are catered by the Philippine Long Distance and Telephone Company (PLDT), Bureau of Telecommunications (BUTEL), PT&T, RCPI-Bayantel, Globelines-Islacom and cellular phone companies: Smart, Globe, Touch Mobile & Sun Cellular. Internet services are also available like PLDT Vibe.

Broadcast communications[edit]

Broadcast media is catered by 4 radio stations namely: AM - DYJJ, DYOW - Bombo Radyo, DYVR - Radio Agong / RMN - FM.-Star FM. Television facilities reach the city through Iloilo. However, we have two (2) cable television provided by Wesfardell Cable Services and the Filvision, Inc. (Altocable). An ABS-CBN Television relay station is now operating in the city.


There are more than 60 banking institutions and 116 intermediaries operating in the province.

Capiz products[edit]

Some popular Capiz shell chips decorating design include gift items, indoor decoration and outdoor decoration ornaments. Capiz chip-made products range from lanterns, lamp shades, window pane, chandeliers, curtains, picture panels and frames, Capiz shell balls, plates, decorative bowls, candle holders, tiles, flower vase, door hanging chime, soapdish, pendant, globelight, necklace decor, beads, bird cage, floor lamp holders, faux chandelier, gift boxes, collection item rack and many more.

Bulad or dried fish is a major product. There are several varieties of dried fishes that can be found in Capiz.

Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

The province has currently one non-voice outsourcing company - PETRA Academy. PETRA Academy serves Korean nationals for an online English tutorial. The company is located in 3/F JC TIU Building, Corner Burgos Street and Inzo Arnaldo, Roxas City. Pueblo de Panay township has allotted 7 hectares for Pueblo de Panay Technopark. The PEZA-approved technopark will house international and national BPO companies soon.


Capiz is known for the brilliant Capiz shell produced here, it is used in making windows, lanterns, decorations, vases, etc. The Capiz shell has a luster similar to mother of pearl shells.


Main article: O, Capiz

The province has an official hymn, "O, Capiz", written in Capiznon by Charmaine Ocbeña Guartero and adopted on June 23, 2006.

Folk dances[edit]

Capiz is one of the places in the Philippines that contributed a lot in Philippine folk dancing. The province alone has 19 Visayan folk dances such as "Tinolabong", "Gayong-gayong", "Timawa", Dagit-dagit", "Beneracion", "Tatay Meroy Cariñosa", "Pukol", "Habanera Capiceña", "Cabatingan", "Saad", "Pitik Mingaw", "Kuratsa Capiceña", and "Palomita Coquitana" to name a few.


  • Saot Capiz - A cultural presentation - The First Capiz Dance Season held every Saturday at the Capiz Provincial Park, Roxas City.
  • Sinadya sa Halaran - Is a merging of the Roxas City Fiesta "Sinadya" and the Province celebration of "Halaran". "Sinadya sa Halaran" is a commemoration of the feast of the patroness of Roxas City which is the Immaculate Conception and a thanksgiving. It literally means "Joy in Sharing and Thanksgiving". Rituals and festivities include fireworks, grand parades, fluvial processions, fair and food festivals, street dancing, and exhibits.
  • Pangahaw Festival - A thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest by the Indigenous Peoples of Jamindan.
  • Guyum-Guyuman Festival - "Caguyuman" the old name of Pontevedra, meaning anthill, a name distinct for ants' house was once a part of the municipality of Pan-ay mainly because of its abundant natural resources both from the coastal and upland areas. People from the nearby municipalities of Panay, Panitan, Maayon and President Roxas, would thrive in the market place like swarm of ants for trading. This rich tradition is now a celebration of life and thanksgiving for all Caguyumanons.
  • Talahong Festival - Talaba and tahong is very rich in production in these areas. More than a hundred fisherfolk live along the coast. Since Sapian is abundant with seafoods, it was the initiative of the Local Government Unit to organize a Talahong Festival (Talaba-Tahong) every 2nd Friday and 2nd Saturday of May that promotes the local products.
  • Tagbuan Festival - It was conceptualized during the Pre-Spanish time, wherein there were aetas in the upland barangay.



Roxas Airport is an airport serving the general area of Roxas City, the provincial capital. The airport is classified as a Class 1 principal airport, by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines. Roxas Airport has 3 flights daily and 4 flights on selected days courtesy of Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Tiger Air Philippines.


The primary transportation vehicle used in Roxas City and other municipalities in Capiz is the tricycle. "Capiz Cab", the city's taxi that plies Roxas City and the 16 municipalities of the Capiz. Capiz Cabs are the first receipt-issuing taxis in the Philippines apart from those operating out of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport.


Inter and provincial mobility of residents and their cargo is serviced by vans, buses and jeepneys. Sea transportation (cargo vessel) is served by Moreta Lines plying the route of Roxas to Manila. Roll On-Roll Off (Ro-Ro) are served by two (2) shipping companies namely Super Shuttle Roro 2 and 2Go to fetch passengers from Roxas City to Batangas City via Odiongan, Romblon. Inter-island shipping is also served from Roxas City to the following locationns such as: Balud, Masbate; Mandaon, Masbate; Sibuyan Island, Romblon; Cadiz, Negros Occidental; Guimaras Island; and Estancia, Iloilo.

Notable people[edit]



Social sciences[edit]

List of schools[edit]

  • AMA Computer Learning Center - Roxas (Fuentes Drive, Roxas City)
  • Banate Elementary School
  • Capiz Institute of Electronics
  • Cabugcabug National High School - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Class
  • Cabugcabug National High School - President, Roxas, Capiz (formerly Cabugcabug Barangay High School)
  • Casanayan National High School
  • Capiz National High School (the original Capiz High School)
  • Capiz National High School
  • Capiz State University (formerly Capiz Institute of Technology)
  • Capiz State University (formerly Panay State Polytechnic College)
  • Capiz State University (PSPC-Agri-Science)-Poblacion, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University (PSPC)-Burias, Mambusao
  • Capiz State University-Dayao, Roxas City
  • Capiz State University-Dumarao
  • Capiz State University-Pilar
  • Capiz State University-Pontevedra
  • Capiz State University-Sapian
  • Capiz State University-Sigma
  • Capiz State University-Tapaz
  • Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion (CPC) Main & Annex
  • College of St. John-Roxas
  • Commissioner Luis Asis National High School
  • Concepcion Castro Garcia National High School, Dumalag, Capiz
  • Cong. Ramon A. Arnaldo High School (formerly City of Roxas High School)
  • Cuartero National High School
  • Culasi National High School
  • David Moises Memorial High School-Balit, Mambusao
  • Dean Alberto Villarruz College
  • Don Antonio Belo Memorial School
  • Don Felix Balgos National High School
  • Don Manuel Arnaldo Memorial School
  • Don Maximo Dais Memorial School
  • Dumolog National High School
  • Dumalag Central National High School
  • Dumalag Vocational-Technical School
  • Duran Element University
  • Elizalde Academy Inc., President Roxas, Capiz
  • Filamer Christian University
  • Feliciano Consing Memorial School
  • Hercor College
  • Hipona Elementary School (Hipona, Pontevedra, Capiz)
  • Hipona National High School
  • Ivisan National High School
  • Jagnaya National High School
  • Lantangan Elementary School
  • Life Goal International Institute
  • Malonoy National High School
  • Mambusao East National High School-Atiplo, Mambusao
  • Mambusao National High School-Tumalalud, Mambusao
  • Manapao Elementary School
  • Milibili National High School
  • Our Lady of Fatima Academy
  • Our Lady of Grace Academy (OLGA), Lonoy, Roxas City
  • Our Lady of Snows Institute, Dumarao, Capiz
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Academy (OLMHRA), Tapaz, Capiz
  • PACE Computer College
  • Panitan National High School
  • Parish School of Saint Isidor (PSSI), Pontevedra, Capiz
  • Pontevedra Christian School (Formerly PBC-CLC Pontevedra Baptist Church Child Learning Center)
  • Pontevedra Elementary School
  • Pontevedra national High School
  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School – North, South, and SpED
  • President Roxas East Elementary School, President Roxas, Capiz
  • President Roxas West Elementary School, President Roxas, Capiz
  • Professor Viterbo Memorial School
  • Ramon A. Benjamin Sr. National High School
  • Roxas City School for Philippine Craftsmen (RCSPC)
  • Saint Catherine Academy-Mambusao
  • Saint Mary's Academy of Capiz (SMAC)
  • Sancta Maria Mater et Regina Seminarium
  • Sigma Elementary School (SES)
  • St. Anthony College of Nursing
  • St. Joseph Diocesan School (SJDS), President Roxas, Capiz
  • St. Martin Academy, Dumalag, Capiz
  • St. Pius X Seminary
  • St Vincent College of Business and Accountancy
  • Step By Step Christian Academy
  • Vicente Andaya Sr. National High School


  • Bailan District Hospital
  • Capiz Doctors Hospital
  • Capiz Emmanuel Hospital
  • Health Centrum
  • Maayon Clinic
  • Mambusao General Hospital
  • Roxas Memorial Provincial Hospital (formerly Roxas Memorial General Hospital)
  • Sen. Gerry Roxas District Hospital (Dao District Hospital)
  • St. Anthony College Hospital

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Region VI (WESTERN VISAYAS)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "More tourists visiting Capiz". Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Capiz now 109 years old". Philippine Information Agency. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 1414 - An Act to Create the Province of Aklan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c "Province: Capiz". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "Region VI (WESTERN VISAYAS)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ Cadiz, Gibbs (2013-05-13). "National Artist for Theater Daisy Avellana dies; 96". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  12. ^
  13. ^ "A". Women of History. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 

External links[edit]