Capricorn (astrology)

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Not to be confused with Capricornus.
Zodiac symbol Mountain Sea-goat
Duration (tropical, western) 21 December – 19 January (2016, UTC)
Constellation Capricornus
Zodiac element Earth
Zodiac quality Cardinal
Sign ruler Saturn
Detriment Moon
Exaltation Mars
Fall Jupiter and Ceres

Capricorn () (English pronunciation: /kæp.rɪ.kɔːn/) is the tenth astrological sign in the zodiac, originating from the constellation of Capricornus. It spans the 270–300th degree of the zodiac, corresponding to celestial longitude. Capricorn is ruled by the planet Saturn. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area from December 21 to January 19[1] each year, and under the sidereal zodiac, the sun currently transits the constellation of Capricorn from approximately January 14 to February 14. In astrology, Capricorn is considered an earth sign, introvert sign,[2] a power sign[3] and one of the four cardinal signs. Its symbol is based on the Sumerian primordial god of wisdom and waters, Enki[4] with the head and upper body of a mountain goat, and the lower body and tail of a fish.[5] Later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology, Enki was the god of intelligence (gestú, literally "ear"), creation, crafts; magic; water, seawater and lakewater (a, aba, ab).[6]

The mountain goat part of the symbol depicts ambition, resolute, intelligence, curiosity but also steadiness, and ability to thrive in inhospitable environments while the fish represents passion, spirituality, intuition, connection with soul.[7] Individuals born between December 21 to January 19 may be called Capricornian. [8]

Capricorn is third and last of the earth signs in the zodiac. The other two earth signs are Taurus and Virgo.

Cultural significance[edit]

In India, the day when the Sun enters the sidereal zodiac sign of Capricorn is celebrated as the Makara Sankranti festival. [9] The Indian astronomical calendar is not based on the Western sidereal system but has a differential lag. Hence, the festival is celebrated on either of 14 or 15 January every year, when, as per the Indian astronomical calendar, the Sun enters the Capricorn sign.



  1. ^ Jackson Swift. "Astrology: Tropical Zodiac and Sidereal Zodiac". Retrieved 2013-11-10. . Exact date can vary from year to year by a day.
  2. ^ Jeff Mayo, Teach Yourself Astrology, pp 38–41, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1979
  3. ^ "Capricorn, Scorpio, Leo: In search of power". 
  4. ^ "Enki". 
  5. ^ "Astrology Vocation". 
  6. ^ "Capricorn Mythology, what is it about?". 
  7. ^ "Astrology Vocation". 
  8. ^ "Capricornian". 
  9. ^ "Makar sankranti festival". 


External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Capricorn at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Capricorn at Wikimedia Commons