Captain

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Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, airplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. Captain is a military rank in armies, navies, coast guards, etc., typically at the level of an officer commanding a company of infantry, a ship, or a battery of artillery, or similar distinct unit. The terms also may be used as an informal or honorary title for persons in similar commanding roles.

Etymology[edit]

The term "captain" derives from katepánō (Greek: κατεπάνω, lit. "[the one] placed at the top", or "the topmost"), which was used as title for a senior Byzantine military rank and office.[1] The word was Latinized as capetanus/catepan, and its meaning seems to have merged with that of the late Latin "capitaneus" (which derives from the classical Latin word "caput", meaning head).[2] This hybridized term gave rise to the English language term captain and its equivalents in other languages (Capitan, Capitaine, Capitano, Capitão, Kapitan, Kapitän, Kapitein, Kapteeni, Kapten, kapitány, Kapudan Pasha, Kobtan, etc.).

Occupations or roles[edit]

Military ranks[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Canada[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Kapitän bzw. „Kapitän zur See“ (Deutsche Marine), Nato OF-5 grade

Generic[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haldon, John F. (1999). Warfare, state, and society in the Byzantine world, 565-1204. London: UCL Press. ISBN 0-585-45287-3. OCLC 52713008.
  2. ^ "Definition of CAPTAIN". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  3. ^ Mzezewa, Tariro (25 February 2019). "Please Call Her Captain". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2020.