Captain America in other media

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Adaptations of Captain America in other media
Created by Joe Simon
Jack Kirby
Original source Comics published by Marvel Comics
First appearance Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941)
Print publications
Novel(s) The Great Gold Steal (1968)
Captain America: Holocaust For Hire (1979)
Captain America: Liberty's Torch (1998)
Films and television
Film(s) Captain America (1944)
Captain America (1979)
Captain America (1990)
Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)
Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)
Captain America: Civil War (2016)
The Marvel Super Heroes (1966)
Video game(s) Captain America in: The Doom Tube of Dr. Megalomann (1987)
Captain America and the Avengers (1991)
Captain America: Super Soldier (2011)

Since the 1940s, the comic book character Captain America has been presented in a variety of other media, including serial films, feature films, animations, and video games.



A "Captain America" title card from a segment of the 1966 animated television series The Marvel Super Heroes.

The Marvel Super Heroes (1966): Captain America was one of the five featured superheroes, starring in one "Captain America" segment a week. They were largely straightforward adaptations of not just the character's solo stories from Tales of Suspense, but also several stories from The Avengers series as well.[1][2]


  • Captain America appeared in two 1979 live-action television movies that aired on CBS: Captain America which aired January 19, 1979, and Captain America II: Death Too Soon, which was broadcast on November 23, 1979, both starring Reb Brown in the title role. The character differs significantly from the comics in both his origin and his operations. For instance, Steve Rogers is a character in contemporary times whose father was the original Captain America, a 1940s government agent. The very patriotic attitude of Steve's father earned him the nickname Captain America, and his father is spoken of as having been murdered. Rogers, a former Marine now making a modest living as an artist, was inspired by this story to sketch a super-hero. After receiving potentially fatal injuries in an accident, he was administered an experimental chemical called the FLAG—Full Latent Ability Gain—formula (at one point referred to as a "super-steroid") which not only saves his life but also enhances his body with heightened strength and reflexes. These new abilities lead Dr. Simon Mills (Len Birman), the research biochemist and intelligence official who had told Rogers about his father, to recruit him and give Steve a costume based on his drawing. As Captain America, he also makes significant use of a specialized reconstruction of the van he has been driving, out the rear of which can be launched a modified motorcycle. Its functions include a rocket thrust for a fast start out of the van, a jet boost for increased speed, a setting to allow the bike to be ridden with less noise for stealthier movement and a hang glider structure which can allow the bike to glide to the ground with some forward momentum, although it must be jettisoned upon landing. The bike has a round windshield, described as being made of "Jet-Age plastics," with concentric circles that alternate between red and transparent around a centered star, blue in color. He is able to detach this, and he uses it as his shield when he goes on foot. At the end of the first movie, Rogers briefly appears in his father's costume—more accurately a uniform—that bears a stronger resemblance to the uniform Captain America is seen wearing in the comics, and he wears this uniform in the sequel.[1]
  • In Captain America II: Death Too Soon, Brown's Steve Rogers is first shown sketching a portrait of a Mrs. Shawn (Susan French), who complains to him about a gang of muggers who have been stealing the proceeds from cashed Social Security checks; she denies having cashed her most recent one. He bids her to do this in order to set a trap for the muggers, and the he springs it as Captain America. In the meantime, a free-lance revolutionary terrorist calling himself General Miguel (Christopher Lee), planning to fight an unspecified war, kidnaps a Professor Ian Ilson (Christopher Cary) and forces him to resume his research in manipulative gerontology. Ilson has managed to formulate both a chemical that accelerates aging and the antidote to the same chemical, and Miguel, posing as the warden of a prison in Oregon near Portland, plans to use the chemicals in question to hold Portland hostage for a multimillion-dollar ransom. Ultimately Brown's Captain America and Lee's General Miguel directly clash face-to-face, and when Miguel throws a glass bottle of the aging accelerant into the air, hoping it will shatter against Captain America's body, the Captain throws his shield into the air, where it shatters the bottle in such a manner that the aging accelerant splashes Miguel instead, aging him literally to death in less than a minute. The telefilm was directed by Ivan Nagy.

Both of these films were released on DVD for the first time together in 2011 from Shout! Factory.



  • Captain America
  • X-Men (1992): Captain America appeared in one episode, "Old Soldiers".[1] He is an American agent, sent along with Canadian agent Wolverine, to rescue a scientist kidnapped by the Red Skull and the Nazis. He is present in the episode only in flashbacks of Wolverine's. Captain America is voiced by Lawrence Bayne, who also provided voices for Cable and Erik the Red in the same series. The Red Skull was voiced by Cedric Smith, who also voiced Professor X throughout the series.[3] Additionally, Captain America appears in a brief cameo in the episode "Red Dawn", before the awakening of his Russian counterpart, Omega Red.
    • An alternate version of Captain America appeared in the episode "One Man's Worth". In a timeline in which Charles Xavier was murdered before founding the X-Men, Captain America is the leader of a taskforce of superhuman mutant hunters fighting a war against the Mutant Resistance led by Magneto.
  • Spider-Man (1994): Captain America made a few appearances, where he was voiced by David Hayter:[1]
    • He first appeared in "The Cat" (Season #4 Ep 43) with a cameo when Peter Parker is narrating a flashback scene with John Hardeski witnessing the experiment that made Steve Rogers into Captain America. The Red Skull makes a cameo as well.
    • He appeared in the last three episodes of the "Six Forgotten Warriors" saga. The third provides a flashback scene explaining Captain America's disappearance after World War II: he and the Red Skull were trapped in a dimensional machine for the last 50 years. In the last two episodes Captain America is released from the machine (with the Red Skull), and in the final installment he and the Red Skull fight and are, in the end, trapped in the machine once again.
    • In the "Secret Wars" three-parter, Captain America was one of the heroes Spider-Man selected to lead against the villains, choosing him due to his past experience with the Red Skull.
  • Captain America was one of several Avengers who made cameo appearances in the second season of the mid-1990s Fantastic Four series.
  • The Avengers: United They Stand (1999): Captain America appears in one episode, "Command Decision".[1] The story involves the Masters of Evil and a flashback to Captain America defeating Baron Zemo. He was voiced by Dan Chameroy.
  • In the 1990s, a planned Captain America animated series from Saban Entertainment to air on Fox Kids proposed that Captain America's true name was Tommy Tompkins, with "Steve Rogers" being a cover name assigned to him by the U.S. Army. The Red Skull would appear as the main antagonist. The series was cancelled in preproduction with scripts written, characters designed and a one-minute pitch film produced, because of Marvel's bankruptcy.[4]



  • X-Men: Evolution (2000): Captain America and Nick Fury appear in one episode, "Operation Rebirth". In this episode, Captain America is made into the super soldier during World War II through the use of a stasis tank chamber called "Operation Rebirth", similar to the comics. He gains incredible physical prowess much like his comic book counterpart, but at a hefty price; a defect in the process causes eventual cellular breakdown, forcing Captain America to be put into stasis until a cure can be found. During World War II, he participates in a joint operation with the Canadian soldier Logan to liberate a POW camp, where he saves a boy named Erik Lehnsherr, the future Magneto. When he begins to break down, he and Logan destroy Project Rebirth's stasis tank so that no one else will have to suffer through his condition. Logan later learns that another one was made and subsequently stolen by Magneto, as it has a fountain of youth-like effect on mutants. The episode ends with Wolverine visiting Captain America's stasis chamber, telling his old comrade that they will find a cure for his condition eventually, and also assuring him that they made a great team in their time.
  • Captain America appeared in the first episode of the animated series Black Panther, voiced by Adrian Pasdar. He traveled to Wakanda during World War II in search of Nazi invaders, facing T'Challa/the Black Panther's father, T'Chaka.
  • Captain America appears in The Super Hero Squad Show voiced by Tom Kenny.[7] In this show he is seen as a leader who will often go rambling about the 1930s and 1940s, and occasionally even forgets he is no longer in the 1940s ("If that's Roosevelt calling, tell him I'm not here"). He also has a militaristic attitude and frequently shouts "Hup, hup, hup!"
  • In Iron Man: Armored Adventures Captain America is frequently referenced. In "Ghosts in the Machine" a class is seen being taught about Captain America who participated in three public battles in World War 2. A picture of Captain America is seen as well. In "Extremist" S.H.I.E.L.D. was mentioned to have recovered Captain America.


  • Captain America appears in the television series Black Panther, voiced by Adrian Pasdar.
  • Captain America is featured in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Brian Bloom.[8][9] His frozen body is initially found and thawed out by the Avengers in the episode "Living Legend", and he joins the team at the end of the episode. At the end of the first season finale, "A Day Unlike Any Other", Captain America is captured and replaced by a Skrull. In season two of episode "Prisoner of War", Captain America was held captive in the Skrull ship for two months, after which Captain America freed and helps others captive to escape from the Skrull ship. In the episode "Secret Invasion", Captain America returns to Earth and assists the Avengers in battling the Skrulls. In "Code Red", Iron Man officially makes Captain America the leader.
  • Captain America appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man episode "Not a Toy" voiced by Roger Craig Smith.[10] He joins forces with Spider-Man to retrieve his shield from Doctor Doom to stop him from analyzing and replicating the unique vibranium-adamantium alloy properties of in the shield. He has a brief cameo in the episode "Guardians of the Galaxy", where he is voiced by Chris Cox.
  • Captain America appears in Avengers Assemble, voiced once again by Roger Craig Smith on the first two seasons while Matthew Mercer will assume the role on season 3.[11] In the first episode, Captain America is apparently destroyed by his enemy Red Skull, but it is then revealed that Red Skull captured him so he could body switch with Captain America, since he was dying and needed to switch bodies with him because of the super-soldier serum in him worked. Captain America then re-becomes a member of the team after Red Skull's defeat.[12]
  • The Marvel Cinematic Universe version of Captain America briefly appears via stock footage in the pilot episode of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. as Skye outlines public knowledge of superhumans.
  • Captain America appears in Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Maximum Overload, voiced once more by Roger Craig Smith.
  • Captain America appears in the Toei anime series Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers.[13]
  • Captain America appears the Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H., voiced again by Roger Craig Smith.[14] He has made a brief cameo appearance in the episode "Monsters No More".[15] He later reappears in "Guardians of the Galaxy" along with the Avengers being Skrulls in disguise. In "Days of Future Smash: Year of the Hydra", He appeared in the past fighting alongside a time-traveling Hulk during World War II to stop The Leader and Red Skull from recreating Dr. Erskine's super soldier serum and augmenting it with gamma radiation. Simultaneously in an alternate future timeline, Captain America fights to save the world as it was taken over by Hydra and run by The Leader. In this timeline, Captain America was never frozen but despite being in his late nineties, the super soldier serum in his body appeared to retard his aging, still in peak physical condition and appearing only in his mid/late forties. Ultimately, Hulk and past-Captain America stop The Leader, returning the timeline to its original settings.
  • Captain America appears in the television special Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Avengers Reassembled, voiced again by Roger Craig Smith.[16]
  • In late April 2016, ahead of the release of the Captain America: Civil War film and the new season of Agent Carter, ABC aired an official Marvel documentary entitled Captain America: 75 Heroic Years, exploring Captain America's history and featuring Chris Evans, Stan Lee, Steve Engelhardt and more.[17]


Captain America (1944)[edit]

The 1944 serial Captain America has the main character District Attorney Grant Gardner, who is loosely based on the Marvel character Captain America. His nemesis is the Scarab and his love interest and sidekick is Gail Richards.

Captain America (1990)[edit]

The first feature-length[citation needed] depiction of Captain America was the 1990 film Captain America. It depicted the creation of Captain America from weak soldier Steve Rogers, his fight in World War II and subsequent apparent death, his being found decades later frozen in ice, and his realization and comprehension that our enemies from the war are now our allies, as well as the hero's battle against the Red Skull. Captain America was portrayed by Matt Salinger in the film. The film was a box office failure.

Marvel Cinematic Universe[edit]


Further information: Marvel Animation
  • Captain America has been featured in both Ultimate Avengers and Ultimate Avengers 2, an animated direct-to-video series that is an adaptation of the Ultimates produced by Marvel Entertainment and Lions Gate Films, voiced by Justin Gross. The character is based on the Ultimate Captain America and serves as the main protagonist in both films.
  • In the 2008 direct-to-video film Next Avengers: Heroes of Tomorrow, Captain America and the Black Widow's son, James Rogers, voiced by Noah C. Crawford, is the main protagonist. James is a skilled martial artist like his parents and, by the end of the film, is the de facto leader of the group. He wields a wrist device that projects energy constructs of his fathers shield, but it is destroyed by the Iron Black Widow. James then uses the original shield in the final battle with Ultron. Captain America however was killed by Ultron prior to the events of the film along with the other Avengers ( though Vision, Iron Man, and the Hulk are in hiding and Thor is ruler of Asgard).
  • Captain America appears in the team-up film Iron Man & Captain America: Heroes United.[24]

Video games[edit]

Digital comics[edit]

  • Captain America appears in the Spider-Woman motion comics. In this series, he is voiced by Jeffrey Hedquist.
  • In February 2011, Marvel Comics launched an eight issue digital comic titled Captain America: First Vengeance, the same day as the first trailer for Captain America: The First Avenger aired during the Super Bowl XLV telecast. Written by Fred Van Lente and featuring a rotation of artists, the story is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Each of the eight issues focuses on a specific character from the movie, heroes and villains alike, and what brought them to the point where the movie begins.[31]


Captain America was the subject of Marvel's second foray into prose book licensing: The Great Gold Steal by Ted White in 1968, following an Avengers novel in 1967. This novel presented a different version of Captain America.[32] The novel adds a further element to the Super-Soldier process wherein Rogers' bones are plated with stainless steel. The character later appears in Captain America: Holocaust For Hire by Joseph Silva published by Pocket Books in 1979[33] and Captain America: Liberty's Torch by Tony Isabella and Bob Ingersoll published in 1998, in which the hero is put on trial for the imagined crimes of America by a hostile militia group.[34]


A fan at the dedication ceremony of the Captain America statue at Prospect Park in Brooklyn, New York.

In July 2016, Marvel and Disney announced that they would be unveiling a 13-foot-tall, one ton bronze statue of Captain America at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con. The statue, designed by artists at Marvel and Comicave Studios, would tour the United States before a dedication ceremony at its final resting place in Brooklyn's Prospect Park on August 10, 2016. Brooklyn is the fictional character's hometown.[35]

Captain America references in media[edit]


  • In the 1969 film Easy Rider, one of the motorcycles is a Harley Davidson Captain America and the character Wyatt (Peter Fonda) is nicknamed "Captain America".
  • In the 1987 film The Princess Bride a Captain America action figure can be seen in the grandson's bedroom as his grandfather reads to him the story.
  • In the 1995 film The Net, when Angela confronts Jack Devlin at the convention catwalk he reminds her while she was surfing the net that she was looking for a "Captain America" type of guy and instead found him.
  • In the 1998 film Armageddon, Rockhound scolds shuttle pilot Colonel Sharp for missing the LZ saying to him, "Captain America here blew the landing by 26 miles!"
  • During the initiation process in the 1997 film, Men in Black, Will Smith's character laughs at one of the other potential recruits, referring to him as "Your boy Captain America over here."
  • In the 2006 film The Pursuit of Happyness Will Smith's son is seen carrying around a Mego Captain America action figure throughout a majority of the movie.
  • In the 2006 film Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby, young Ricky is seen wearing a Captain America shirt.
  • Captain America and Black Widow's son, James Rogers, is in the 2008 film Next Avengers: Heroes of Tomorrow.[36]

Marvel Cinematic Universe[edit]

Captain America is referenced in several films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, which share continuity with Captain America: The First Avenger, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, and the 2016 film Captain America: Civil War.

  • In the 2008 film Iron Man, a replica of Captain America's shield can be seen in Tony Stark's (Robert Downey, Jr.) workshop when JARVIS is removing his armor and Pepper Potts (Gwyneth Paltrow) spots him.[37]
  • In the 2008 film The Incredible Hulk, General Ross (William Hurt) mentions to Emil Blonsky (Tim Roth) that there was a World War II program that created a supersoldier serum. The supersoldier serum is shown as well as Dr. Reinstein referenced as its inventor (in the comics, Dr. Reinstein was a pseudonym for Dr. Erskine to avoid Nazi persecution). Bruce Banner (Edward Norton) was involved in an experiment combining the serum with gamma radiation, which resulted in his transformation into the Hulk. Blonsky is then injected with the serum in order to take on the Hulk, the subsequent combination of the serum and Banner's blood transforming Blonsky into the Abomination.[38][39] In the film's deleted opening, Bruce Banner goes to the Arctic to commit suicide but transforms into the Hulk, smashing a glacier. A buried human figure and shield are visible, who are meant to be Rogers and his shield.[40]
  • In the 2010 film Iron Man 2, S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Phil Coulson (Clark Gregg) discovers an incomplete replica of Captain America's shield inside a box. When he asks Tony Stark if he knows what it is, Tony tells him that it's "just what I need" and places the Shield underneath his particle collider to level it. There is also a Captain America comic book (which made an appearance in Captain America: The First Avenger) in Howard Stark's crate delivered to Tony from Nick Fury.
  • The 2013 Marvel One-Shot short film Agent Carter features the exploits of Peggy Carter (Hayley Atwell) one year after the events of Captain America: The First Avenger, and features a flashback of Carter's final communication with Steve Rogers (Chris Evans).[41] The scene was also shown in the first episode of Agent Carter.
  • In the 2013 film Thor: The Dark World, Chris Evans makes an uncredited cameo appearance[42] as Loki masquerading as Captain America.


  • The singer Jimmy Buffett published a song titled "Captain America" on his 1970 album Down to Earth.[43]
  • A 1979 song by The Kinks, "Catch Me Now I'm Falling", uses Captain America as the embodiment of the band's views on the government and the economic hardships in the 1970s.
  • In 1985, a musical about Captain America was announced for Broadway. The piece, written by Mel Mandel and Norman Sachs, never actually premiered, although recordings of the score have surfaced.[44][45]
  • During the 1987 song "Paradise City" by Guns N' Roses, Captain America is mentioned in the last verse, before the chorus that segues to the fast, final part: "Captain America's been torn apart now/he's a court jester with a broken heart, he said/turn me around and take me back to the start/I must be losin' my mind, are you blind?/I've seen it all a million times".
  • The Scottish Indie rock band Eugenius was formerly known as Captain America and released the Wow (1991) and Flame On (1992) eps under that name. The threat of legal action by Marvel Comics made the band change its name.[46]
  • The opening line of the song "Arcadia" by the band Clutch is, "Captain America, where are you now?" It is featured on the 1991 EP, Pitchfork.
  • The MU330 song "Captain" (1994) is sung through the perspective of a now out-of-work and overweight Captain America. Feeling forgotten and unappreciated, the Captain is eventually coaxed out of retirement to save the planet from Red Skull, re-establishing his status as a national hero. The song opens with the chant "Captain America, America still needs YOU!".
  • The 1994 song "Happy Time" by singer/songwriter Daniel Johnston mentions Johnston's childhood love for "the comic favorite was Captain America".[47]
  • In 2000, the progressive band moe. released a live version of their song "Captain America" on the album L. They followed the release later that year with a studio cut of the song on the Dither album.
  • The band Styx has a song entitled "Captain America" on its 2003 album Cyclorama.
  • In 2005, the collaboration album known as Roadrunner United, the song on track 15, "I Don't Wanna Be (A Superhero)" contains the line "Captain America is going to die".
  • In 2007, independent artist Will Kouf released a story-based album or rock opera, based around the origin of Captain America.[48]


  • In 1979 the Super Sentai series Battle Fever J was originally to be an adaptation of Captain America.
  • In the 1995 Iron Man animated series episode "Distant Boundaries", when Tony seems troubled by his actions, Julia Carpenter reminds him he's not Captain America.
  • In 2001, Season 8, 5:00-6:00 PM of 24, drone expert Arlo Glass hits on CTU senior analyst Dana Walsh asking her, "So, when are you going to drop 'Captain America', find yourself a real man?", the Cap reference being to Walsh's fiancé Cole Ortiz, the Director of CTU Field Operations.
  • In an episode of the Canadian TV series The Associates (2001–2002), two brothers fight legally for a Golden Age Captain America comic book, which they received as an inheritance from their late father. In the end, the comic book is destroyed during a discussion between the two men.
  • In the 2004 episode of the television series Angel called "Why We Fight", during a flashback to World War II, while two sailors are talking about Angel's abilities, one sailor says "Maybe he's a super-soldier, you know, like Steve Rogers or Captain America." To which the other sailor says "Steve Rogers IS Captain America, idiot."
  • In the 2005 episode of Criminal Minds entitled "The Tribe", when the FBI shows up after an attempted massacre at a school, Agent Hotchner says "There are five people tied up inside," after which Blackwolf says "There was a sixth, but Captain America here shot him."
  • What was described by Marvel Comics Editor in Chief Joe Quesada as "one of Captain America's shields" after Steve Rogers' death was presented to Stephen Colbert on his show The Colbert Report on March 12, 2007, and it continues to hang on the wall of the Colbert Report set.
  • In the show Castle (2009), Rick, feeling annoyed with the detective Tom Demming, compares him to Captain America.
  • During the 2009 episode of Criminal Minds, "100", Agent Hotchner's son wears a Captain America shirt throughout the episode. Also, while his wife and son are being watched by the serial killer The Reaper, he taunts Agent Hotchner by asking "Does your son like Captain America because of you?"
  • Captain America is mentioned in the 2011 episode, "Ghost in the Machine" of Iron Man: Armored Adventures on a history test Tony Stark takes.
  • At WrestleMania XXVII, in 2011 Rey Mysterio was dressed like Captain America
  • During the fourth episode of the third season of Warehouse 13, "Queen for a Day," Pete Lattimer states, "You think that guy looks like me with the hair, and the square jaw, and the Captain America attitude."
  • Captain America was mentioned in the pilot episode of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. In November 2013, Jed Whedon, the co-creator of the television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., said that there are plans to reference events from Captain America: The Winter Soldier into the show.[49] In March 2014, a promotional logo for Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. surfaced which features an image of Captain America's shield,[50] teasing the series of episodes dubbed "Uprising".[51]
  • Captain America was referenced a couple of times in Jessica Jones for his involvement in the Battle of New York. In Episode 5, "The Sandwich that saved Me," a kid is seen running around in a Captain America costume.


Web series[edit]

  • Captain America appears a couple times in Itsjustsomerandomguy's web series "Hi I'm a Marvel and I'm a DC."
  • Captain America appeared as a combatant in the fighting series Death Battle where he was pitted against Batman of DC Comics and lost. He also appeared in season 3 of the spin-off series, One Minute Melee, where he fought Guile from Street Fighter and won.
  • Captain America was featured in the popular web series Super Power Beat Down where he was pitted against Master Chief from Halo. He emerged victorious and won the fan votes.

Video games[edit]

  • In the online MMORPG World of Warcraft (2004), the paladin character class has an attack called the "Avenger's Shield" where the character appears to throw its shield at enemies in a Captain America-like fashion.

See also[edit]


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  3. ^ "X-Men Season 5 Episode 11 'Old Soldiers'". n.d. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. 
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