Captain Euro is a fictional comic book-style superhero character, created in 1999 as a way to promote the European Union, and specifically the Euro, the single European currency that arrived in 2002. The character has been featured on a website (first at captaineuro.com, later at captaineuro.eu) since 1999, but has not appeared in any actual comic books. The website's contents are available only in English.
The campaign, website and all the characters were created by Nicolas De Santis of the consulting firm Twelve Stars (now Gold Mercury International) for the EU. Twelve Stars was already working for the EU in various projects, including with the European Parliament.
The Captain Euro character dresses in a costume which features elements of the flag of Europe, including the twelve stars motif. Elements of the character are clearly reminiscent of Marvel Comics' Captain America (the similar "Captain" moniker and patriotic costume) and Gerry and Sylvia Anderson's Captain Scarlet (which also features a team of international adventurers operating from a central base).
In November 2014, De Santis relaunched the Captain Euro website, this time as an independent project not under EU supervision. The relaunch included some changes to the characters, as well as a significant change in tone: the stories became more humorous and more overtly political, with Captain Euro explaining and justifying the European Union to various real-life world leaders.
Fictional character biography
Captain Euro (real name Adam Andros) is the main character, of unspecified nationality. Originally, he was described as the son of "a famous European Ambassador", a professor of palaeontology and a polyglot; after a motor accident one of his knees was replaced with a metal alloy joint, but he is otherwise "in peak physical condition". After the relaunch, Captain Euro became a former "investigative journalist and a writer with a deep interest in international affairs, social psychology and identity", who "discovered his deep passion for keeping Europe together while reporting on the horrific events of the Yugoslav wars".
He runs the Twelve Stars Organisation, a group which seeks to "defend the security of Europe and uphold the values of the Union".
His team-mates include his sidekick Europa (real name Donna Eden), an environmentalist and archaeologist, and assistants Erik, Helen, Marcus, Lupo the timber wolf and the computer system Pythagoras I.
The website claims that "they are the new ambassadors of global peace bearing the European message with them wherever they go." They also apparently represent Europe at sporting events, "competing in a number of championships and triumphing in the name of Europe."
The major foe of the organisation is Dr. D. Vider, a "ruthless speculator" and "former financier" who hopes to divide the European Union so that he can more easily conquer it. D. Vider's full name was originally David Viderius, but after the relaunch it became Dexter Viderius, and D. Vider became the head of Dividex, an evil multinational corporation.
Robert Frank, in a 1998 article in The Wall Street Journal that appeared on the cover of the newspaper's global edition, wrote "Captain Euro is the ultimate youth-marketer. He was born out of the bureaucracy of Brussels: Mr. De Santis spent more than a year studying the European "identity" for the European Parliament only to determine "there is none." So, he proposed creating a "European character" or mascot. Parliament debated the issue for months but couldn't make a decision. Eventually, Mr. De Santis gave up and decided to create it himself."
Dan Glaister of The Guardian mocked the character upon its release in 1999, writing that Captain Euro has "the sort of history only a marketing company besieged by focus groups could devise." Quoting from the character's description that "participation in an experimental language programme enabled Adam to become a polyglot", Glaister dryly remarked, "Ah – so that's how to become a good European."
Eurosceptic politician and commentator Daniel Hannan, writing in 2011, criticised the Captain Euro literature as possibly "sinister". He described the Dr. D. Vider character as having "a hooked nose and a goatee beard, like some anti-Semitic caricature from the Völkischer Beobachter", and stated that D. Vider's real first name, David, and his occupation in finance could also be considered indicators that the villain is meant to be Jewish. Hannan also criticised the general concept of using comic-book characters to promote the EU, writing, "The notion that the government should get at parents through their children is a characteristic of authoritarian states, not liberal democracies."
András Simonyi and Amanda Norris, in a 2013 column in the Huffington Post, shared the opinion that Dr. D. Vider had "a clear anti-Semitic undertone", and added that his team of henchmen, "social misfits belonging to the 'Global Touring Circus,'" were themselves an offensive stereotype against the Romani of Europe. They also criticised Captain Euro's "meek and boring" nature (he does not use weapons), calling it emblematic of the European Union's reliance on "soft power" and its failure to solve its economic problems during the intervening years.
Relaunch and subsequent reception
In 2014, Captain Euro was relaunched with a new website, featuring satirical comic strips, vignettes and radio podcasts with global heads of state, including: then UK Prime Minister David Cameron, Russian President Vladimir Putin, American President Barack Obama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. The new website also included modified description of the characters of the Captain Euro Team and their villains.
The new website has received extensive international media coverage in the UK and Europe. A number of British journalists humorously insinuated that the relaunch was done to combat the threat of the Eurosceptic UK Independence Party (UKIP): Matthew Champion of The Independent compared the appearance of Dr. D. Vider to the UKIP's leader Nigel Farage, while Catherine Mayer of Time magazine called D. Vider's crew "evil-minded euroskeptics dressed in UKIP purple". Conversely, Gus Bentley of City A.M., discussing a strip in which Captain Euro convinces David Cameron of the importance of the EU, stated wryly that it "could be mistaken for the latest Ukip leaflet". Pablo Guimón of Spanish newspaper El País wrote: "Hit by the crisis of the monetary union...challenged by the promise of a referendum of the separation of the UK, The European project seems to cry out for the help of a superhero. Fear not: here it is!". 
David Böcking of Germany's Der Spiegel wrote: “Captain Euro, hero of the single currency and the single market. The revitalized cartoon character fights against the crisis – without authority from Brussels.” 
- Die, Europhobe scum, Dan Glaister, The Guardian, 6 April 1999
- Whimsical Cartoon Character: Captain Euro Returns, Der Spiegel Online, 18 November 2014
- CAPTAIN EURO- HIS ORIGINS, Captain Euro website
- CAPTAIN EURO’S ENEMIES, Captain Euro website
- Captain Euro Will Teach Children About the Euro, but Foes Abound, The Wall Street Journal online, 14 December 1998
- EU child propaganda: silly or sinister?, Daniel Hannan, The Daily Telegraph blog, 3 June 2011
- A Superhero's Soft Power Falls Flat, Huffington Post online, 25 March 2013
- Captain Euro teaches David Cameron the virtues of a federal Europe, City AM Online, 19 November 2014
- There's now an actual EU superhero to combat Nigel Farage, The Independent Online, 19 November 2014
- Mayer, Catherine (19 November 2014). "Is It a Bird? Is It a Plane? No, It's Captain Euro". Time.
- El Capitán Euro contra el villano euroescéptico, El País Online, 19 December 2014