Captive Animals Protection Society
|Purpose||Animal rights, animal welfare|
The Captive Animals' Protection Society was founded in 1957 by retired school teacher Irene Heaton at a time when circuses were at their peak and all had animals.
In 1965, CAPS promoted a bill to the House of Lords, sponsored by Lord Somers (who was then president of CAPS) to prohibit the use of performing animals. Despite great support it was defeated by just 14 votes.
The 1970s saw CAPS organising demonstrations outside circuses. Pressure increased on animal circuses in the 1980s, gaining the support of the National Council of Women and local authorities started to prohibit circuses from using council land.
In the mid-1980s CAPS started one of its most important campaigns, to stop animal acts at the prestigious Blackpool Tower Circus, where for six months of every year the animals were confined in the cellars of the tower. Three years later, it was announced that animal acts would stop at the circus once the contract expired in 1990. When the circus owner moved to the adjoining Pleasure Beach there were weekly demonstrations. Backed by vets and other experts, the campaign worked and in 1997 Blackpool Pleasure Beach announced there would be no more animal circuses on its land.
Three of the charity's former directors have been given awards for their work by the RSPCA.
CAPS became a registered charity in 2008.
CAPS has carried out investigations into both the zoo and circus industries in the UK and Ireland and has carried out and published various research projects relating to the use of animals in entertainment. The organisation founded and manages the annual Zoo Awareness Weekend event, which seeks to encourage public debate on the zoo industry from ethical, animal welfare, educational and conservation perspectives.
In 2004 it commissioned the largest and most in-depth investigation ever made into the public aquarium industry, revealing most animals to have been taken from the wild and disputing conservation claims by the industry.
In 2011 a report was released which highlighted the charity's concerns over the efficacy of legal protection of animals in zoos in England. The report raised queries over the enforcement of the law and suggested that the system of inspection for zoos that is currently in place is unworkable.
In 2012 CAPS established the AnimalPledge.org scheme which seeks to encourage the media industry to refrain from the use of performing wild animals in productions. The project was established in partnership with the Ape Alliance.
In 2013 CAPS launched a new campaign entitled the "Fight for Flight". The campaign seeks to outlaw the practice of pinioning of birds in zoos. The charity's research found that the practice was being carried out illegally by members of the zoo industry.
Lots of families and even groups of friends gather at the zoo every day in order to see the animals up close. As exciting as it sounds to see lions and tigers and bears.. no one ever thinks about the best interest of the animals. Does anyone ever question whether the animals are even happy? The answer is most likely no. Unfortunately, zoos have a negative impact on each animal that is brought into captivity. Their use of the animals as entertainment rather than letting them run wild is inhumane. Also, because these animals are being used for entertainment, they are taught that they have to act a certain way, typically in an unnatural way, which could cause psychological disorders. Captivated animals that develop psychological disorders can become a danger, not only to themselves, but for their caretakers and even the people that pay to see them. Furthermore, animals that are adopted into captivity or even born into it become so spoiled by humans cleaning up after them, taking care of them, and feeding them that if they were let out into the wild, they would not last. Essentially, when one captivates naturally born wild animals, they strip the animal of their natural behaviors, habitats, and freedom. Therefore, zoos will always have a negative impact on each and every animal that they opt to captivate.
The charity's patrons include politicians, academics and people from the world of arts:
- Professor Marc Bekoff, Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado
- Britta Jaschinski, world-renowned photographer
- Jay Kay, Grammy Award-winning lead singer of Jamiroquai
- Professor Randy Malamud, professor of English at Georgia State University
- Dr Edgar Mann, ex-GP and member of the ancient Isle of Man Parliament
- Fiona Oakes, elite marathon runner
- Brian Sewell, art critic and columnist
- Angela Smith, Baroness Smith of Basildon, Labour peer and former Labour Government Member of Parliament and Minister
- Lady Stratford, wife of late Tony Banks, Baron Stratford
- Peter Tatchell, human rights campaigner
- "Our History". Captive Animals Protection Society. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Performing Animals Bill (H.L.)". Commons and Lords Hansard. UK Parliament. 16 February 1965.
- "Sir Andrew Bowden, MBE Authorised Biography". Debrett’s People of Today. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Acford, Louise (2 April 2007). "Animal welfare champion dies at 87". The Argus.
- "Restrictions on petting at criticised animal farm". BBC News. 1 April 2010.
- "Zoo admits connection with circus". BBC News. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- Lowe, David. The Sun. London http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/3339224/Merseyside-zoo-killed-animals-and-left-them-to-rot-by-bins.html. Missing or empty
- Edwards, Anna (27 November 2012). "Fury as rare white lion cubs born in UK safari park are sent to a Japanese circus". Daily Mail. London.
- "Animal rights activists get teeth into zoo". The Scotsman. 28 August 2004.
- The Zoo Licensing Act 1981
- "Animal group urges circus boycott". BBC News. 18 May 2004.
- "Animal protection group urge residents to boycott controversial circus". Thurrock Gazette. 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2012-12-30.
- "Public urged to boycott big top". BBC News. 2 June 2009.
- "Protest over Big Top animal acts". BBC News. 11 February 2006.
- "Protesters demand circus boycott". BBC News. 29 April 2006.
- "'We love our animals': Circus boss hits back at call for big top boycott". Halifax Courier. 19 June 2008.
- "Who we are". Captive Animals' Protection Society. Retrieved 1 January 2013.