Capture of Yanbu
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Battle of Yanbu
The Battle on Yanbu began on December 1, 1916, when Fakhri Pasha, when two brigades invaded the outskirts of the city. The Ottomans initially had repelled the Arabs from strategic points in the city. Within a couple of days Pasha controlled all routes in and out of the city. The Arab soldiers in the city began constructing a makeshift airstrip for use by British aircraft. More Arab and British reinforcements arrived and strengthened defenses in the city. Five British Navy ships also arrived to help in the defense of the city.
By December 9, Arab counter-attacks opened up the routes to the city, and flights from the HMS Raven II severely attacked the Ottoman columns. Because of the Navy's presence in the ocean off of Yanbu, Pasha called off all advances on the night of December 11/12. Due to logistical errors, and counterattacks from the Arabs, the Ottomans started the retreat to Medina on January 18, 1917, thus ending the recapture of Yanbu.
- David Murphy (2008). The Arab Revolt 1916-18: Lawrence Sets Arabia Ablaze. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-339-1. Retrieved 30 September 2013.