Car ownership

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Car ownership is the ownership of a car. Car ownership typically requires far less permits then driving that car (i.e. driver's license, car insurance, ...).[1]


Levels of ownership have risen significantly since automobiles were pioneered in the 19th century. The United States was the first country in which mass ownership became common and 60% of families owned a car in 1929. By the 21st century in the United States, there was, on average, a vehicle for every person of driving age and more vehicles than people with driving licenses. This level of ownership was so great that, in 2010, the total number of vehicles dropped significantly for the first time, falling by four million to 247 million.[2]

Overall, across the world, levels of ownership increased fourfold between 1950 and 1999, from 48 people per automobile in 1950 to just 12.[3]

Forms of ownership[edit]

A car is typically a major purchase and so there are a variety of financial schemes to facilitate the purchase. These include hire purchase, company cars, trade-in and leasing. Other forms of provision which centralise the ownership as a service include rental, car sharing and vehicle hire.

Legal requirements[edit]

In some countries, there are additional regulations that must be fulfilled before purchasing or leasing a car. For example, in Japan, due to the high population density and the limited space, a prospective owner must first provide proof of a space to park the car in question (proof-of-parking).[4][5][6][7]

In the Philippines and India, there is also interest in introducing proof-of-parking.[8][9]

Consequences of legal requirements[edit]

In Japan, the proof-of-parking regulation, combined with high taxing, has caused a class of cars known as kei cars (kei jidōsha) to develop. These small cars, limited in dimension (3.40x1.48x2.00m length, width and height) and engine displacement (660 cc or 0.66 L) are popular due to tax discounts on the excise tax (3% instead of 5% for normal vehicles), the weight tax (30% cheaper), and the insurance cost is also more than 10% lower and the annual road tax, calculated on the engine size.[10]

Ownership documents[edit]


In the United States, vehicle ownership is documented on a certificate of title.[11] In the United States, each state's Department of Motor Vehicles or Registry of Motor Vehicles issues such documents when a vehicle is registered. Title deeds vary by design but always include vehicle-specific information at the front of the document (such as: year, make, model, VIN, color, etc.) and several boxes for transaction information at the back where information about change of ownership is recorded (such as sale date, odometer reading, seller and buyer names and signatures, etc.). In-state vehicle sales are recorded at the back of the title as long as there are unused reassignment boxes. If a vehicle is sold out-of-state, the new owner must apply for a new title at their local DMV office.[12]


In the United States, the Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin (MCO), also known as Manufacturer's Statement of Origin (MSO) is the ownership document issued by the vehicle manufacturer that assigns ownership of a new vehicle to a franchise car dealership until said vehicle is registered and titled.[13] This document is similar to the title deed in content, but is to be used among licensed car dealers only.

Rates of car ownership[edit]

In the developed world the number of cars per 100 people is generally between 30 and 50, with a few countries (such as Canada and New Zealand) over this. In China there are 15 cars per 100 people, and very poor countries such as Somalia have less than one car per thousand people.

In 2007, the expectation was that the rate of car ownership would be increasing almost everywhere, and rise very rapidly indeed in countries such as China and India.[14]

About ten years later however, there is a trend from car ownership towards shared mobility.[15][16][17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ How to get insurance without a license
  2. ^ Martin Mittelstaedt (Jan 4, 2010), "U.S. car ownership shifts into reverse", Globe and Mail
  3. ^ Lomborg, Bjørn (2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. Cambridge University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780521010689.
  4. ^ Application procedure for a vehicle parking space (garage) certificate
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Guidebook of daily life for foreign residents
  7. ^ Visitor information and life guide
  8. ^ Senator Gatchalian wants Proof-of-Parking Space Act fast-tracked
  9. ^ Bengaluru: Vehicle owners may have to show proof of parking
  10. ^ Bright future for kei cars
  11. ^ Massachusetts Title Law
  12. ^ Jahua, Aron (1 May 2016). "Why is a car loan so interesting?". (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  13. ^ Alaska New Vehicle Ownership Documents
  14. ^ Wan Mahmood, Wan Sallehah (2007-05-29). "Americans lead the World in Car Ownership, China and India fast catching up in absolute number of cars owned". ACNielsen. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  15. ^ The Shift From Personal Car Ownership To Shared Mobility Is Well Underway
  16. ^ The future of mobility: What's next?
  17. ^ How shared mobility will change the automotive industry