Beret doffing ceremony at Masada
|Part of||512th Brigade ("Sagi territorial brigade"), Southern Command|
|Motto(s)||"The winning combination"|
|Colors||Light green beret, Orange & Bordeaux Flag|
|Engagements||Al-Aqsa Intifadah; 2005 Gaza withdrawal; 2006 Israel-Lebanon War;|
The Caracal Battalion (Hebrew: גדוד קרקל) is an infantry combat battalion of the Israel Defense Forces, one of only two fully combat units in the Israeli military that is composed of both male and female soldiers. It is named after the Caracal, a small cat whose sexes appear the same. As of 2009[update], approximately 70% of the battalion was female.
Prior to Caracal's formation in 2000, women were barred from serving in direct combat. The unit has since been tasked with patrolling the Israeli-Egyptian border. It took part in Israel's unilateral withdrawal from the Gaza Strip in the summer of 2005.
Caracal Battalion engaged in combat on September 21, 2012 on the Egyptian border, following the infiltration of a group of terrorists. Responding to a radio report of the attack, in a fire-fight a female Caracal infantry soldier killed a terrorist, who was wearing a Suicide Belt.
In October 2014, a jeep of the battalion was attacked by militants from the Egyptian border with gunfire and an anti-tank missile. Two soldiers were injured. One of the injured, female officer, Captain Or Ben-Yehuda, nonetheless dismounted from the jeep and returned fire killing one militant in the fire-fight.
While Caracal is a mixed gender battalion, it has been 70% female since 2009. It is part of the 512th Sagi Brigade of the Southern Command. The unit badge incorporates the Sagi Brigade badge with the addition of the Caracal cat.
New recruits in the Caracal Battalion are issued the Israeli-made Tavor assault rifle. Battalion members partake in a four-month basic training period that includes physical training and weapons training at the Givati Brigade training base. 
Captain Or Ben-Yehuda was awarded citation while serving in the Caracal Battalion. Captain Ben-Yehuda was in charge of the Caracal Battalion which was stationed near the Israeli / Egyptian border. Nearly two dozen armed men opened fire on their position in an ambush attack on October 22, 2014. Although wounded in the volley of gunfire, Captain Ben-Yehuda managed to get on the radio and call for backup, administer first aid to her driver and return several magazines worth of gunfire back at her attackers while waiting for reinforcements.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to IDF Caracal battalion.|
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The difficult dilemma she felt in serving at a border crossing was not easy for her but she said during moments of difficulty and misgiving she would remember, 'there was a Katyusha [rocket] that fell near my house and also hurt Arabs. If someone would tell me that serving in the IDF means killing Arabs, I remind them that Arabs also kill Arabs.'
- "This Female IDF Soldier Fought Off 23 Terrorists in Surprise Attack", The Tribunist