Caralluma adscendens

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Caralluma adscendens
18464.Asclepiadaceae - Caralluma fimbriata.jpg
1832 botanical illustration of C. fimbriata, a synonym of Caralluma adscendens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Asclepiadaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Caralluma
Species: C. adscendens
Binomial name
Caralluma adscendens
(Roxb.) R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Boucerosia adscendens (Roxb.) Wall.
  • Caralluma attenuata Wight
  • Caralluma fimbriata Wall.

Caralluma adscendens is a succulent plant in the family Apocynaceae. Its distribution ranges from India and Sri Lanka through the Arabian peninsula to North Africa and the Sahel.

Use[edit]

C. adscendens has been eaten in rural India for centuries, raw, as a vegetable with spices, or preserved in chutneys and pickles, and is often found as a roadside shrub or boundary marker.

It has been used as a portable food and thirst quencher for hunting. Tribesmen on a day's hunt will often only pack some Caralluma fimbriata to sustain themselves and it is commonly known as "famine food" in India.[citation needed]

Consumer issues[edit]

Various diet pills claiming to contain Caralluma fimbriata extracts are marketed for weight loss. A study published by the US NIH in 2015 showed the supplement to be well-tolerated, but to have no clinical effect compared to a placebo at the supposedly therapeutic dose of 1g daily[2]

Chemistry[edit]

The key phytochemical constituents of the herb are pregnane glycosides, flavone glycosides, megastigmane glycosides, and saponins.[citation needed] active constituents- caratuberoside I-X,tomentogenin, silolsterol, luteolin-4-neohesperidoside and kaemferol-7-0- neohesperidoside.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Arora, E; Khajuria, V; Tandon, VR; Sharma, A; Mahajan, A; Gillani, ZH; Choudhary, N. "To evaluate efficacy and safety of Caralluma fimbriata in overweight and obese patients: A randomized, single blinded, placebo control trial". Perspect Clin Res. 6: 39–44. PMC 4314845Freely accessible. PMID 25657901. doi:10.4103/2229-3485.148812. 

External links[edit]