Caramany

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Caramany
Commune
A view of the village from the rock of Bade
A view of the village from the rock of Bade
Coat of arms of Caramany
Coat of arms
Caramany is located in France
Caramany
Caramany
Coordinates: 42°44′07″N 2°15′26″E / 42.7353°N 02.2571°E / 42.7353; 02.2571Coordinates: 42°44′07″N 2°15′26″E / 42.7353°N 02.2571°E / 42.7353; 02.2571
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Perpignan
Canton La Vallée de l'Agly
Intercommunality Agly Fenouillèdes
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Caillens
Area1 14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 148
 • Density 11/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 66039 /66720
Elevation 129–765 m (423–2,510 ft)
(avg. 280 m or 920 ft)
Website Mairie de Caramany

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Caramany is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

Geography[edit]

Localisation[edit]

Caramany is located in the canton of La Vallée de l'Agly and in the arrondissement of Perpignan.

Map of Caramany and its surrounding communes

Neighbouring communes[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Attested forms

The name of Caramany first appears in 1212 as Karamay. It is then seen in 1242 as Karamanho,[1] in 1261 as Caramain,[2] in 1304 as Caramayn and finally in 1395 as Caramany.[3] On the 18th century Cassini map, the name is written in French as Caramaing. Both Caramany and Caramaing are used throughout the 19th century.[4]

The Occitan name is Caramanh in the modern day spelling of Languedocien dialect. But although the town is part of Fenouillèdes, an Occitan speaking-zone, today's name has kept the Catalan spelling, in use since medieval times.[3]

The city limit sign in Caramany
Etymology

The name Caramany is a compound of ker, pre-indoeuropean for stone, and magnus, latin for big, meaning as a whole big stone. This type of name was often applied to a place with an important castle on a mountain, or an impressive mountain itself.[5]

Government and politics[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor[6] Term start Term end
François Bedos 1790 1791
Dominique Richard 1791 1793
Charles Chauvet 1793 1795
Joseph Vaysse 1795 1797
Michel Surre 1797 1799
Jean-Baptiste Lafforgue 1799 1800
Louis Chauvet 1800 1816
Dominique Fourcade 1816 1823
Joseph Vignaud 1823 1826
Jean Montferrand 1826 1830
Louis Chauvet 1830 1830
Jean Estèbe 1830 1838
Jean Bedos 1838 1840
Pierre Rolland 1840 1843
Jean Montferrand 1840 1846
Jean Estèbe 1846 1850
Charles Estève 1850 1858
Michel Sabineu 1858 1865
Pierre Larourt 1865 1870
François Vaysse 1870 1874
Raymond Estève 1874 1876
François Vaysse 1876 1878
Raymond Estève 1877 1878
François Delonca 1878 1878
Eugène Tresserres 1878 1881
François Vaysse 1881 1884
Michel Tisseyre 1884 1886
Nicolas Dabat 1886 1912
Paul Gély-Fort 1912 1915
Jean-Baptiste Estève 1915 1917
Justin Lacourt 1917 1919
Paul Gély-Fort 1919 1941
Gervais Caillens 1941 1944
Eloi Tresseres 1944 1947
Clément Caillens 1947 1971
Eloi Tresseres 1971 1982
Edgard Ubert 1982 2001
Ange Léon 2001 2014
Bernard Caillens 2014

Population[edit]

Population 1962-2008

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Jean Sagnes (dir.), Le pays catalan, t. 2, Pau, Société nouvelle d'éditions régionales, 1985
  2. ^ Ernest Nègre, Toponymie générale de la France (1990-1998)
  3. ^ a b (French) Lluís Basseda, Toponymie historique de Catalunya Nord, t. 1, Prades, Revista Terra Nostra, 1990
  4. ^ Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Devenir maire à la place du maire à Caramany en 1815, 1st February 2015
  5. ^ Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieu en France, 1979
  6. ^ Association Pari du lac de Caramany, Liste des maires de Caramany, 24 October 2009