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Single by Caramell
from the album Supergott
ReleasedNovember 16, 2001
RecordedJune 2001
StudioPlayhouse Studios (Stockholm, Sweden)
Songwriter(s)Jorge "Vasco" Vasconcelo and Juha "Millboy" Myllylä
Audio sample
Chorus of the song

"Caramelldansen" (Swedish for 'The Caramell dance') is the first track from Swedish music group Caramell's second and final album Supergott released on November 16, 2001. It became a viral internet meme in the mid-2000s where a sped-up version of the song was attached to a video clip of two anime character girls dancing and making animal ear gestures with their hands. This version of the song was officially released in 2006 to Sweden, and to Japan as "U-u-uma uma" (ウッーウッーウマウマ(゜∀゜)), the latter of which charted on Oricon. A virtual group called Caramella Girls was launched to promote the song, renditions in other languages, and other cover songs and original songs.


The original 2001 version of the song by Caramell is in the 4/4 time signature, has a tempo of 138 beats per minute and is in the key of E♭ major.[1] The 2008 remix version has been sped up (in the sense of nightcore) to a tempo of 164.74 beats per minute and is in the key G♭ major.[2]

Internet phenomenon[edit]

Animation loop from the visual novel Popotan, used in the internet meme known as "Caramelldansen".

The meme started as a fifteen frame Flash animation loop showing Mai and Mii, characters of the Japanese visual novel Popotan, doing a hip swing dance with their hands over their heads to imitate rabbit ears, and the chorus of a sped up version of the song.


Popotan first appeared as a Japanese PC game on December 12, 2002. After the anime was aired from July 17 to October 2, 2003, short GIF animations clips were created from the opening of the game and posted on the internet. The clips were matched with various songs, with titles ranging from "Popotan dance" to "Sexy bunny dance".[3]

In late 2005, a sped-up version of the song was posted by a DJ named Speedycake to 4chan. According to an interview with Ruakuu, Speedycake said the speed-up came from a mixing mistake while transitioning the "Caramelldansen" song to a faster BPM, and it ended up being "squeaky and high pitched", but that people were requesting for it anyway. In the same year, its chorus part was combined with the animation loop and posted to 4chan by a "Sven from Sweden", who does not recall using Speedycake's file, but got it from the internet in filesharing. Sven posted the loop with the repeated phrase "ANIME LOL!"[3][4]

As the video and song clip gained popularity, it became a meme. Artists and fans started to copy the animation and include other characters performing the dance. Its boom began at the end of 2007 in Japan (known as the "Uma uma Boom") where an explosion of different Caramelldansen iterations appeared in the Japanese video-sharing site Nico Nico Douga.[5] The meme soon after spread to YouTube and became a global phenomenon. Lore Sjöberg wrote in a Wired magazine article about how Flickr users "look down from Flickr Hills into YouTube Chasm and see wailing, gnashing of teeth, and endless versions of "Caramelldansen" and they are sore afraid."[6]


A furry performs Caramelldansen, 2009.

While the group Caramell disbanded in 2002, the group's music started to spread widely across the Internet thanks to the popularity of this Internet meme. Malin Sundström commented on the popularity of the meme: "We felt that it was time to move on; that one of our songs now may be a breakthrough is just a bonus." Caramell's Juha "Millboy" Myllylä, responding to questions from Japanese show Netstar NHK, said that he first learned of the dance on YouTube. When asked if he does the dance himself, he responded, "Yeah, well, the dance is very funny to do, so I used to do it every time, I mean in the shower, and I used to show my family and my friends to make them dance. I like it. It's very funny."[7]

The meme is not limited to the small Flash animation loops. 3D animation shorts have been released performing the dance, and live action videos made by fans. The idea of the new Swedish concept came from YouTube, showing more than 16,000 different versions of the original flash animation, including small loops, complete song shorts and live action videos.[8][9]

A group of Otakuthon attendees taunt the main hall by performing Caramelldansen outdoors, 2014. Two Miku Hatsune cosplayers are visible.

Caramelldansen is known in Japan as "Uma uma dance" (ウマウマダンス), because the chorus's lyrics "u-u-ua-ua" were misheard as ウッーウッーウマウマ ("u- u- umauma") The Japanese title is written with the emoticon (°∀°) added to the end. The lyric: "Dansa med oss, klappa era händer" ("Dance with us, clap your hands") was sometimes misinterpreted as "バルサミコ酢やっぱいらへんで" ("barusamiko-su yappa irahen de"), which translates to "I don't want any balsamic vinegar after all", and ended up being a popular soramimi or mondegreen for the song, even affecting the Japanese language version.[4][10]


"Caramelldansen (Speedycake Remix)"
Caramelldansen Speedy Mixes release cover
Single by Caramell / Caramella Girls
from the album Supergott Speedy Mixes
StudioPlayhouse Studios (Stockholm, Sweden)
Songwriter(s)Jorge "Vasco" Vasconcelo and Juha "Millboy" Myllylä

Japanese music distributor Exit Tunes gained the rights from the original Caramell producers, Remixed Records, to distribute the sped-up version of the original song in Asia, releasing first an album in April 2008 called Uma Uma Dekiru Trance wo Tsukutte Mita which included "Caramelldansen" (named "U-u-uma uma" (Speedycake Remix)) and other popular meme songs at the time. Toromi, the voice actor who voiced Mii in Popotan, also covered the song on a single Toro☆Uma.[11] There was also an official single "U-u-uma uma" release[12] Uma Uma Dekiru Trance reached number 20 on the Oricon charts and stayed on for 16 weeks;[13] and the "U-u-uma uma" single reached number 16 and stayed 14 weeks.[14] In March 2009, it was awarded Single of the Year (International) at Recording Industry Association of Japan's 23rd Japan Gold Disc Awards.[15][16] Remixed Records released the sped-up version of the original Supergott album on Apple's iTunes Store; the album was called Supergott Speedy Mixes. In Japan, this was titled U-u-uma-uma SPEED with the song titles completely rewritten with emoticons.[4] Speed reached number 48 on Oricon and stayed 5 weeks.[17]

Remixed Records also released a set of Caramelldansen Speedy Mixes. On September 16, they released an English version of the song called "Caramelldancing".[18] A German version of the song, "Caramelltanzen", was released on April 15, 2009.[19]


The speedy versions were released and remixed in multiple versions and languages, and the singles / remix EPs credited to other Caramell or Caramella Girls and produced and distributed by Remixed Records unless specified.

Singles and remix EPs:

  • "U-u-uma uma" (ウッーウッーウマウマ(°∀°)) (Exit Tunes QWCE-00048, May 21, 2008)[20]
  • Caramelldansen Speedy Mixes (2008)
  • "Caramelldancing" (English, 2008)
  • "Caramelldancing - Christmas Version" (English, 2009)
  • "Caramelltanzen" (German, Remixed Records, EMI Music & RemRec songs, 2009)[21]
  • "Caramelldansen Español 4K" (Spanish, Remixed Records, RemRec Songs & Sony/ATV Music Publishing, 2021)[22]

Compilations of:

  • Uma Uma Dekiru Trance wo Tsukutte Mita (ウマウマできるトランスを作ってみた, "Tried making a trance you can Uma Uma to") (Exit Tunes QWCE-00047, April 16, 2008)[23][24][25][10]
  • Supergott Speedy Mixes (2008) [26]
    • released in Japan as U-u-uma uma SPEED (ウッーウッーウマウマ(゜∀゜) SPEED) (Exit Tunes QWCE-20001, June 18, 2008)[27]

Caramella Girls[edit]

Caramella Girls
GenresBubblegum pop
Years active2008 (2008)–present
  • Remixed
  • RemRec Songs
Spinoff ofCaramell
  • Mindy
  • Nadine
  • Vera

Caramella Girls is a virtual group created by Remixed Records in 2008 to promote the "Caramelldansen" song. They first showed up in the Japanese release "U-u-uma uma" single on May 21, 2008 as two anime character counterparts for the two female vocalists Malin Sundström and Katia Löfgren, removing the rest of the band members.[12] They were then redesigned to be a girl group of three virtual girl characters – Mindy, Nadine, and Vera. At some live events, they would appear in masks and costumes.[28][29] Remixed Records has further rebranded all related releases on music platforms from Caramell to "Caramella Girls".[30][31]

On March 18, 2011, Caramella Girls released the song "Boogie Bam Dance".[28] In October 2012, the band released the Caramelldancing Remixes EP, which features remixes of the English version of the Caramelldansen song by Crazy 1, No Trixx, and DJ Triplestar.[32]

Caramella Girls has since released other songs and videos. Some of these were written by Kim Andre Arnesen and Kristian Lagerström; and some are covers of other bubblegum pop tunes.[33] A few of the songs are played at normal speed.[4] In 2020, they released a digital compilation album (without "Caramelldansen") called Sweet Decade.[33]

Credits controversy[edit]

In 2019, Remixed Records owner Giovanni Sconfienza retroactively changed the credits for Caramelldansen and its various remixes from Caramell to the Caramella Girls on digital streaming platforms including Spotify and iTunes, as well as the official Caramelldansen YouTube channel. YouTuber jan Misali released a video essay investigating this change in October 2021, with the aim of explaining the true authorship of the song. Sconfienza issued a copyright strike on the video in an attempt to suppress the information and delete Misali's channel.[34] As of February 2022, the video has been restored.[4] In March 2022, the Caramella Girls YouTube channel released their own video statement "Who Wrote Caramelldansen?" where originating vocalist Malin Sundström tries to explain the authorship and performance of the two most notable tracks (2001 and 2008).[35]

Use in other media[edit]

In July 2009, the Taiwanese gaming company Gamania launched an advertising campaign with the "Caramelldansen" song for the Japanese version of its online game Lucent Heart.[36] "Caramelldansen" has also been used in Japanese arcade games. A rhythm game of the dance was released by Remixed Records for the Apple iPhone and iPod Touch.[37][4] The team behind popular comedy site LoadingReadyRun has performed the dance for their Desert Bus for Hope charity fundraisers.[38] In August 2010, the characters in the American Disney Channel program Phineas and Ferb perform the dance in the episode "Summer Belongs to You" when they stop by Tokyo.[39][4][40] "Caramelldansen" is one of the licensed songs in the 2013 edition of Dance Dance Revolution.[41] The dance has also appeared as a purchasable "Cat Ear Dance" emote in the 2017 video game Destiny 2.[42]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Caramelldansen. March 2001 – via Spotify.
  2. ^ Caramelldansen. January 5, 2008 – via Spotify.
  3. ^ a b Ruakuu (June 23, 2008). "Ruakuu's Blog: Caramelldansen History (Complete)". Retrieved September 20, 2022 – via Blogspot.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g jan Misali (October 25, 2021). who wrote Caramelldansen? – via YouTube.
  5. ^ "Japanese page Niconico showing a large number of Caramelldansen versions". Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  6. ^ Sjöberg, Lore (April 16, 2008). "Flickr Fans Flustered Over Video Posting". Wired. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  7. ^ Juha "Millboy" Myllylä. The Net Star. NHK. Event occurs at 23:05.
  8. ^ Johannes Heuman (July 13, 2008). "Svensk danslåt störst – i Japan" [Caramelldansen hit and interview to Malin and Katia] (in Swedish). Aftonbladet. Archived from the original on July 17, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  9. ^ "YouTube search for caramelldansen". Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  10. ^ a b "新しい空耳ソングがブレイクか?今度は"ウッーウッーウマウマ(°∀°)"" [Will the new soramimi song be a breakthrough? This time, “U-u-uma uma (°∀°)”] (in Japanese). Japan: Barks. February 29, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  11. ^ "Toro☆Uma". Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Japanese Caramelldansen discography" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on June 24, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  13. ^ "Exit Trance Presents ウマウマできるトランスを作ってみた" [Exit Trance Presents Uma Uma Dekiru Trance wo Tsukutte Mita]. Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  14. ^ "ウッーウッーウマウマ(°∀°)" [U-u-uma-uma]. Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  15. ^ "第23回日本ゴールドディスク大賞" [23rd Japan Gold Disc Award]. Japan Gold Disc Award official website (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan . Single of the Year – 洋楽部門 (international). Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  16. ^ "RIAJ Yearbook 2009" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan. 2009. p. 18.
  17. ^ "ウッーウッーウマウマ(°∀°)SPEED アルバム" [U-u-uma-uma SPEED album]. Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  18. ^ Arnflo, Oscar. "Swedish Caramelldansen discography". Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  19. ^ "Caramelltanzen (German Version) - Single by Caramella Girls". April 15, 2009 – via iTunes.
  20. ^ "ウッーウッーウマウマ(゜∀゜) / キャラメル". Exit Tunes. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012 – via
  21. ^ Caramella Girls (April 29, 2009). Caramella Girls - Caramelltanzen German version (Official) – via YouTube.
  22. ^ Caramella Girls (April 2, 2021). Caramella Girls – Caramelldansen Español 4K – via YouTube.
  23. ^ "Exit Trance Presents ウマウマできるトランスを作ってみた" [Exit Trance Presents Uma Uma Dekiru Trance wo Tsukutte Mita]. Exit Tunes (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012 – via
  24. ^ 中国語 空耳ワールド (March 8, 2008). "腰クネクネ謎のダンス 「ウマウマ」大流行の兆し" [Mysterious waist twisting dance "Uma Uma" is a sign of a big epidemic]. Jcast. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  25. ^ "「ウッーウッーウマウマ(゚∀゚)」がCD化 販売中止のトランスアルバムが新装復活" ["U-u-uma uma(゚∀゚)" CD; the discontinued trance album is revived]. ITmedia (in Japanese). February 25, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  26. ^ "Media". Caramella Girls official website. Archived from the original on July 12, 2009. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  27. ^ "Uma uma Speed up track list". Exit Tunes. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2012 – via
  28. ^ a b Kaehler, Lilli (September 19, 2008). "Why You Don't Remember Caramelldansen". The Hitching Post.
  29. ^ Caramella Girls (June 14, 2011). Caramella Girls - Caramelldansen - Stage Performance – via YouTube.
  30. ^ "Supergott (Speedy Mixes) by Caramell". Apple Music. Archived from the original on April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  31. ^ "Supergott (Speedy Mixes) by Caramella Girls". Apple Music. May 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
  32. ^ Caramelldancing Remixes - Single av Caramell. October 30, 2012 – via iTunes.
  33. ^ a b "Caramella Girls News thread". Bubblegum Dancer. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  34. ^ Winslow, Jeremy (December 21, 2021). "'Caramelldansen' Owners Really Don't Want You To Know Where The Song Originated". Kotaku. Archived from the original on January 22, 2022. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  35. ^ Caramella Girls (March 4, 2022). Caramella Girls - Who Wrote Caramelldansen?. Retrieved April 18, 2022 – via YouTube.
  36. ^ ルーハーCMちゃんねる3 [Luu-Haa (Lucent Heart) CM Channel 3] (in Japanese). Gamania. June 28, 2009. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
  37. ^ "Caramella Girls - Now on iPhone and iPod Touch". Caramella Girls official website. Archived from the original on December 20, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  38. ^ Desert Bus for Hope videos featuring "Caramelldansen":
  39. ^ "Phineas and Ferb: Summer Belongs To You!". Phineas and Ferb. Season 2. Episode 54. August 2, 2010. Disney Channel.
  40. ^ Donohoo, Timothy (April 20, 2020). "Caramelldansen: The Otaku Meme Song's History and Revival". Comic Book Resources.
  41. ^ Konami, Bemani (2013). Dance Dance Revolution. Konami.
  42. ^ Hornshaw, Phil (November 30, 2021). "Destiny 2's Most Annoying Emote Is Available For Bright Dust This Week". GameSpot.

External links[edit]