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Caramoan town center
Caramoan town center
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of Caramoan
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of Caramoan
Caramoan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°46′N 123°52′E / 13.77°N 123.87°E / 13.77; 123.87Coordinates: 13°46′N 123°52′E / 13.77°N 123.87°E / 13.77; 123.87
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 4th district
Barangays 49
 • Mayor Marlyn Cordial
 • Councilors
 • Total 276 km2 (107 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 47,605
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4429
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Income class 1st class

Caramoan is a first-class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Bicol Region, Philippines. It is located at the tip of the Caramoan Peninsula, a rugged place of land extending into the waters of the Maqueda Channel on the north and east and Lagonoy Gulf on the south. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,605 people.[3]


Caramoan is bounded on the north by the town of Garchitorena and the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean; on the north-east by the island province of Catanduanes; on the south by Lagonoy Gulf; on the east by the Maqueda Channel and on the west by the municipality of Presentacion.

The municipality covers approximately 277.41 square kilometres (107.11 sq mi) with approximately 71 kilometres (44 mi) of irregular coastline surrounded by the vast ocean, bay, seas and swamps. It is approximately 500 kilometres (310 mi) from Metro Manila; 95 kilometres (59 mi) from the municipality of Pili, where the seat of the provincial government and the Naga Domestic Airport are located; and 110 kilometres (68 mi) east from Naga City, the heart of Bicol.


Caramoan is politically subdivided into 49 barangays.[2]

  • Agaas
  • Antolon
  • Bacgong
  • Bahay
  • Bikal
  • Binanuahan (Pob.)
  • Cabacongan
  • Cadong
  • Colongcogong
  • Canatuan
  • Caputatan
  • Gogon
  • Daraga
  • Gata
  • Gibgos
  • Guijalo
  • Hanopol
  • Hanoy
  • Haponan
  • Ilawod
  • Ili-Centro (Pob.)
  • Lidong
  • Lubas
  • Malabog
  • Maligaya
  • Mampirao
  • Mandiclum
  • Maqueda
  • Minalaba
  • Oring
  • Oroc-Osoc
  • Pagolinan
  • Pandanan
  • Paniman
  • Patag-Belen
  • Pili-Centro
  • Pili-Tabiguian
  • Poloan
  • Salvacion
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Solnopan
  • Tabgon
  • Tabiguian
  • Tabog
  • Tawog (Pob.)
  • Toboan
  • Terogo

Caramoan Islands[edit]

Off the coast of the peninsula are numerous small islets. The 10 principal islands of the group are:[4]

  • Bag-ing
  • Cagbanilad
  • Catanhawan
  • Cotivas
  • Lahus
  • Lahuy
  • Matukad
  • Minalahos
  • Pitogo
  • Sabitang-Laya
Matukad Island


The name Caramoan has been officially used since 1619, the year it was named by a Spanish missionary friar, Francisco de la Cruz Y Oropesa. Fr. Oropesa penetrated the thick virgin forest of the Caramoan Peninsula and founded a small settlement in a place called Baluarte. This settlement was subsequently turned over to the administration of the Holy Bishopric in 1696.

Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, it was determined that the place was once called Guta de Leche, which was given by Dutch traders who operated a gold mine in Lahuy Island and who frequented the area to trade with the natives. The name was perhaps derived from the milkdrop stalagmites found among the rocks of Guta Port. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, the place came to be called "Carahan" for the sea turtle, which was at that time to be found in great number along the shores of the Peninsula.


Population census of Caramoan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 8,039 —    
1918 13,212 +3.37%
1939 22,750 +2.62%
1948 26,836 +1.85%
1960 27,160 +0.10%
1970 31,339 +1.44%
1975 31,399 +0.04%
1980 32,659 +0.79%
1990 36,107 +1.01%
1995 39,416 +1.66%
2000 39,642 +0.12%
2007 40,810 +0.40%
2010 44,945 +3.57%
2015 47,605 +1.10%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Caramoan was 47,605 people,[3] with a density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre or 440 inhabitants per square mile.


Tourist destinations include the Caramoan National Park, the Centro, and Gota Beach, where activities include diving, swimming, snorkeling and spelunking.


Caramoan has been the site for several editions of the competitive reality television show Survivor. The area has hosted the U.S. version in two consecutive seasons (Survivor: Philippines and Survivor: Caramoan), the Serbian version for two consecutive seasons and the Israeli version for three consecutive seasons (** Survivor 10: Philippine Islands, Survivor 10: Fans vs. Favorites, Survivor 10: Camarines). Bulgarian Survivor also filmed its fourth season there in May to July 2009.[citation needed] Robinson 2010, the 12th season of the Swedish version of the franchise, was filmed in Caramoan from May to June 2010.

The 8th season of Koh-Lanta, the French edition of Survivor, also was shot there. TV director Corinne Vaillant stated that "the powdery sand, the coconuts on Gota beach and the neighboring islets are a 'dream' for the French people. We chose Caramoan because it’s really wild. It’s necessary that contestants don’t see anything other than nature for them to believe that they’re really lost in the wilds.”[8]

The only season of Survivor India was shot in Caramoan, with an Indian production crew spotted in the area in March 2011.[9]

The first season of Supraviețuitorul, a Romanian reality game based on Survivor was shot in Caramoan in the summer of 2016.


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: CAMARINES SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Caramoan Islands". Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Aguilar, Ephraim (May 8, 2008). "4th-class town well on the way to celeb status". Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012. 
  9. ^ Talagtag, Jr., Anselmo (October 30, 2011). "How Caramoan wowed "Survivor India"". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 

External links[edit]