Caramoan

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Caramoan
Municipality
Municipality of Caramoan
Caramoan town center
Caramoan town center
Map of Camarines Sur with Caramoan highlighted
Map of Camarines Sur with Caramoan highlighted
Caramoan is located in Philippines
Caramoan
Caramoan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°46′N 123°52′E / 13.77°N 123.87°E / 13.77; 123.87Coordinates: 13°46′N 123°52′E / 13.77°N 123.87°E / 13.77; 123.87
Country  Philippines
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 4th district
Barangays 49 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Marlyn Cordial
 • Vice Mayor Manolo Pineda Jr.
 • Electorate 26,544 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 276.00 km2 (106.56 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 47,605
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4429
PSGC 051711000
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Climate type Tropical rainforest climate
Income class 2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 123,416,089.20 (2016)
Poverty incidence 46.23 (2012)[4]

Caramoan, officially the Municipality of Caramoan, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,605 people.[3]

It is located at the tip of the Caramoan Peninsula, a rugged place of land extending into the waters of the Maqueda Channel on the north and east and Lagonoy Gulf on the south.

Geography[edit]

Caramoan is bounded on the north by the town of Garchitorena and the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean; on the north-east by the island province of Catanduanes; on the south by Lagonoy Gulf; on the east by the Maqueda Channel and on the west by the municipality of Presentacion.

The municipality covers approximately 277.41 square kilometres (107.11 sq mi) with approximately 71 kilometres (44 mi) of irregular coastline surrounded by the vast ocean, bay, seas and swamps. It is approximately 500 kilometres (310 mi) from Metro Manila; 95 kilometres (59 mi) from the municipality of Pili, where the seat of the provincial government and the Naga Domestic Airport are located; and 110 kilometres (68 mi) east from Naga City, the heart of Bicol.

Barangays[edit]

Caramoan is politically subdivided into 49 barangays.

  • Agaas
  • Antolon
  • Bacgong
  • Bahay
  • Bikal
  • Binanuahan (Poblacion)
  • Cabacongan
  • Cadong
  • Colongcogong
  • Canatuan
  • Caputatan
  • Gogon
  • Daraga
  • Gata
  • Gibgos
  • Guijalo
  • Hanopol
  • Hanoy
  • Haponan
  • Ilawod
  • Ili-Centro (Poblacion)
  • Lidong
  • Lubas
  • Malabog
  • Maligaya
  • Mampirao
  • Mandiclum
  • Maqueda
  • Minalaba
  • Oring
  • Oroc-Osoc
  • Pagolinan
  • Pandanan
  • Paniman
  • Patag-Belen
  • Pili-Centro
  • Pili-Tabiguian
  • Poloan
  • Salvacion
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Solnopan
  • Tabgon
  • Tabiguian
  • Tabog
  • Tawog (Poblacion)
  • Toboan
  • Terogo

Caramoan Islands[edit]

Off the coast of the peninsula are numerous small islets. The 10 principal islands of the group are:[5]

  • Bag-ing
  • Cagbanilad
  • Catanhawan
  • Cotivas
  • Lahus
  • Lahuy
  • Matukad
  • Minalahos
  • Pitogo
  • Sabitang-Laya
Matukad Island

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Caramoan, Camarines Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(90)
35
(95)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(93)
35
(95)
33
(91)
31
(88)
31
(88)
29
(84)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
26
(79)
29
(84)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 151.1
(5.949)
198.89
(7.8303)
106.28
(4.1843)
60.08
(2.3654)
63.62
(2.5047)
85.76
(3.3764)
117.53
(4.6272)
46.99
(1.85)
52.23
(2.0563)
740.22
(29.1425)
522.70
(20.5787)
618
(24.33)
2,763.4
(108.7948)
Average rainy days 24 28 18 23 23 25 29 21 26 28 29 31 305
Source: World Weather Online[6]

History[edit]

The name Caramoan has been officially used since 1619, the year it was named by a Spanish missionary friar, Francisco de la Cruz Y Oropesa. Fr. Oropesa penetrated the thick virgin forest of the Caramoan Peninsula and founded a small settlement in a place called Baluarte. This settlement was subsequently turned over to the administration of the Holy Bishopric in 1696.

Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, it was determined that the place was once called Guta de Leche, which was given by Dutch traders who operated a gold mine in Lahuy Island and who frequented the area to trade with the natives. The name was perhaps derived from the milkdrop stalagmites found among the rocks of Guta Port. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, the place came to be called "Carahan" for the sea turtle, which was at that time to be found in great number along the shores of the Peninsula.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Caramoan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,039—    
1918 13,212+3.37%
1939 22,750+2.62%
1948 26,836+1.85%
1960 27,160+0.10%
1970 31,339+1.44%
1975 31,399+0.04%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 32,659+0.79%
1990 36,107+1.01%
1995 39,416+1.66%
2000 39,642+0.12%
2007 40,810+0.40%
2010 44,945+3.57%
2015 47,605+1.10%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, the population of Caramoan was 47,605 people,[3] with a density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre or 440 inhabitants per square mile.

Tourism[edit]

Sabitang-Laya Matukad Island

Tourist destinations include the Caramoan National Park, the Centro, and Gota Beach, where activities include diving, swimming, snorkeling and spelunking.

Survivor[edit]

Caramoan has been the site for several editions of the competitive reality television show Survivor. The area has hosted the U.S. version in two consecutive seasons (Survivor: Philippines and Survivor: Caramoan), the Serbian version for two consecutive seasons and the Israeli version for three consecutive seasons (** Survivor 10: Philippine Islands, Survivor 10: Fans vs. Favorites, Survivor 10: Camarines). Bulgarian Survivor also filmed its fourth season there in May to July 2009.[citation needed] Robinson 2010, the 12th season of the Swedish version of the franchise, was filmed in Caramoan from May to June 2010.

The 8th season of Koh-Lanta, the French edition of Survivor, also was shot there. TV director Corinne Vaillant stated that "the powdery sand, the coconuts on Gota beach and the neighboring islets are a 'dream' for the French people. We chose Caramoan because it’s really wild. It’s necessary that contestants don’t see anything other than nature for them to believe that they’re really lost in the wilds.”[10]

The only season of Survivor India was shot in Caramoan, with an Indian production crew spotted in the area in March 2011.[11]

The first season of Supraviețuitorul, a Romanian reality game based on Survivor was shot in Caramoan in the summer of 2016, as well as the first and second season of Robinsonův ostrov (Czech version).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Camarines Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Caramoan Islands". CaramoanIslands.com. Retrieved February 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Caramoan, Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  9. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  10. ^ Aguilar, Ephraim (May 8, 2008). "4th-class town well on the way to celeb status". Inquirer.net. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012. 
  11. ^ Talagtag, Jr., Anselmo (October 30, 2011). "How Caramoan wowed "Survivor India"". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 

External links[edit]