Caransebeș

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Caransebeș
Caransebeș Town Hall
Caransebeș Town Hall
Coat of arms of Caransebeș
Coat of arms
Location in Caraș-Severin County
Location in Caraș-Severin County
Caransebeș is located in Romania
Caransebeș
Caransebeș
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°25′17″N 22°13′19″E / 45.42139°N 22.22194°E / 45.42139; 22.22194Coordinates: 45°25′17″N 22°13′19″E / 45.42139°N 22.22194°E / 45.42139; 22.22194
Country Romania
CountyCaraș-Severin
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Felix Borcean[1]
Area
70.08 km2 (27.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
24,689
 • Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.CS
Websitewww.primaria-caransebes.ro

Caransebeș (Romanian pronunciation: [karanˈsebeʃ] (About this soundlisten); German: Karansebesch; Hungarian: Karánsebes, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɒraːnʃɛbɛʃ]) is a city in Caraș-Severin County, part of the Banat region in southwestern Romania. It is located at the confluence of the River Timiș with the River Sebeș, the latter coming from the Țarcu Mountains. To the west, it is in direct contact with the Banat Hills. It is an important railroad node, being located approximately 40 km away from Reșița, 21 km from Oțelu Roșu, 70 km from Hațeg and about 25 km from the Muntele Mic ski resort, in the Țarcu Mountains.

One village, Jupa (Hungarian: Zsuppa), is administered by the city.

Climate[edit]

Caransebeș has a humid continental climate (Cfb in the Köppen climate classification). It is rather mild. Sub-Mediterranean climatic influences are present to some extent. Temperatures do not drop too low in winter (with an average of 0,-15 °C), but summers can be warm (30-38 °C average). Rainfall can be quite abundant throughout the year.

Climate data for Caransebeș
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5
(41)
10.1
(50.2)
16.1
(61.0)
20.5
(68.9)
23.6
(74.5)
25.5
(77.9)
25.9
(78.6)
20.9
(69.6)
15.8
(60.4)
10.5
(50.9)
4.4
(39.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
1
(34)
5.5
(41.9)
11.2
(52.2)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
16.4
(61.5)
11.2
(52.2)
6.4
(43.5)
0.9
(33.6)
10.8
(51.4)
Average low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.8
(33.4)
5.8
(42.4)
10.3
(50.5)
13.9
(57.0)
15.8
(60.4)
16
(61)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
3
(37)
−2.3
(27.9)
6.2
(43.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75
(3.0)
70
(2.8)
82
(3.2)
110
(4.3)
119
(4.7)
131
(5.2)
118
(4.6)
98
(3.9)
96
(3.8)
76
(3.0)
72
(2.8)
82
(3.2)
1,129
(44.5)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/europe/romania/caras-severin/caransebes-10734/

History[edit]

Jupa village on the cadastral maps of Banat region, Josephinische Landesaufnahme, 1769-72

The first traces of habitation here might date as far as Dacian times. Dacian ruins have been discovered recently near Obreja, a village 7 km away. As the Romans invaded Dacia, they built a castrum named Tibiscum, which was dug up by archaeologists near the nearby village of Jupa, a castrum which later grew to be a full city. Tibiscum is considered one of the gates of Christianity in Dacia, having an important role also in the Romanization of the local people.

During the Middle Ages, the local people continuously inhabited the area. The region became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, then later under the rule of the Transylvanian Principality, and under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1787 a self-inflicted defeat, the Battle of Caransebeș, is supposed (the historical accuracy is in doubt) to have taken place here. Later, the Habsburgs took the control of the region, after prolonged wars against the Ottomans. As part of the Principality of Transylvania, in 1804 it became part of the Austrian Empire. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, it became again part of Hungary.

After railroads began to appear, the role of Caransebeș grew continuously. In the late 19th century, the Romanian people of the settlement elected to the Parliament of Hungary the Hungarian Lajos Mocsáry, who was a progressive democratic politician fighting for the cultural and administrative rights of all nationalities (including the Romanians) living in the Hungarian Kingdom of that time.

In late October 1918, near the close of World War I, a Romanian National Committee was established in Caransebeș. It formed the core of the largest Banat delegation to Alba Iulia, where the union of Transylvania with Romania was proclaimed on December 1. Meanwhile, the entire Banat was occupied by the Serbian Army following the Armistice of Belgrade. The Serbs withdrew from the Caransebeș area in January 1919, and were replaced by the French Army. Romania began administering the Banat in late July, with troops moving in during the following weeks. In August 1919, during the Paris Peace Conference, the Banat was divided between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and Greater Romania, with Caransebeș assigned to the latter.[3]

After the rise of the communist regime in 1947, an airport and an airbase were built close to the city. However, the airport did not remain operational for long after the 1989 Revolution.

Education[edit]

The city's two leading high schools are the C. D. Loga National College and the Traian Doda National College.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1912 7,999—    
1930 8,704+8.8%
1948 10,106+16.1%
1956 15,195+50.4%
1966 18,194+19.7%
1977 27,190+49.4%
1992 31,985+17.6%
2002 31,199−2.5%
2011 21,932−29.7%
Source: Census data

As of 2011 Caransebeș had a population of 21,932, mainly Romanians (93.48%), with Ukrainian (1.56%), German (1.17%), and Hungarian (0.78%) minorities present, but in decline.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ (in Romanian) History at the Caransebeș City Hall site

External links[edit]