Carapa guianensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carapa guianensis
Andirobaamazonica.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Carapa
Species: C. guianensis
Binomial name
Carapa guianensis
Aubl.

Carapa guianensis is a species of the family Meliaceae (Mahogany family). The tree grows in the Amazon region, Central America and the Caribbean. It is a tall tree with dense foliage, which usually grows in the tropical rain forest along the edge of rivers. The wood resembles mahogany and is used in quality furniture. The seed oil is used in traditional medicine and as an insect repellent.[1][2][3]

Distribution map

Oil[edit]

Andiroba virgin oil

The oil contained in the andiroba almond, known as crab oil or carap oil, is light yellow and extremely bitter. When subjected to a temperature below 25 °C, it solidifies, with a consistency like that of petroleum jelly. It contains olein, palmitin and glycerin.

The oil is used in Brazil to protect furniture from termites and other wood-chewing insects. Andiroba is native to the Amazon and is widely used by the indigenous populations of the northern region of Brazil.[4] The oil and fats of the almond are extracted and used for the production of insect repellent and compounds for traditional medicine.[2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roy, A; Saraf, S (2006). "Limonoids: Overview of significant bioactive triterpenes distributed in plants kingdom". Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin. 29 (2): 191–201. PMID 16462017. 
  2. ^ a b De Mendonça, F. A.; Da Silva, K. F.; Dos Santos, K. K.; Ribeiro Júnior, K. A.; Sant'Ana, A. E. (2005). "Activities of some Brazilian plants against larvae of the mosquito Aedes aegypti". Fitoterapia. 76 (7–8): 629–36. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2005.06.013. PMID 16253435. 
  3. ^ a b Silva, O. S.; Romão, P. R.; Blazius, R. D.; Prohiro, J. S. (2004). "The use of andiroba Carapa guianensis as larvicide against Aedes albopictus". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 20 (4): 456–7. PMID 15669392. 
  4. ^ a b Hammer, M. L.; Johns, E. A. (1993). "Tapping an Amazônian plethora: Four medicinal plants of Marajó Island, Pará (Brazil)". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 40 (1): 53–75. PMID 8246531.