Caravan (1971 film)

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Caravan
कारवाँ
Caravan 1971.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byNasir Hussain
Produced byTahir Hussain
Written byNasir Hussain
Majrooh Sultanpuri (lyrics)
Screenplay bySachin Bhowmick
Based onGirl on the Run (1953)
StarringJeetendra
Asha Parekh
Music byR. D. Burman
CinematographyMunir Khan
Edited byBabu Lavande
Gurudutt Shirali
Production
company
Nasir Hussain Films
T.V. Films
Distributed bySky Entertainment (DVD since 2002)
Release date
  • 14 October 1971 (1971-10-14)
Running time
161 min
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi-Urdu
Box office₹142 million

Caravan (Hindi pronunciation: [kaːɾʋaːn]; Karwaan, meaning "travellers") is a 1971 Indian thriller film, directed by Nasir Hussain and produced by Tahir Hussain under the Nasir Hussain Films and T.V. Films banners. It stars Jeetendra and Asha Parekh in lead roles, with music composed by R.D. Burman. Three more Hussain fixtures were involved in the songs; lyricist Majrooh Sultanpuri, music composer R.D. Burman, and singer Mohammad Rafi. The film was a "Super Hit" domestically according to Box Office India,[1] and an even greater success abroad in China, where it drew over 100 million box office admissions and became the highest-grossing foreign film ever up until then.[2] The movie is based on the 1953 movie Girl on the Run.

Plot[edit]

The film is an action thriller about a young woman, Sunita (Asha Parekh) and her father Mohandas (Murad), who finds out that his trusted employee, Rajan (Krishen Mehta), has been embezzling money from him. He confronts him and Rajan attacks him, flinging him out of the window of the multi-storied building, but the police think that the death was accidental. This leaves the coast clear for Rajan to wed Mohandas' only daughter, Sunita. Sunita is distraught and ends up married to this "wrong" man, Rajan. Shortly after the wedding, Sunita finds out the truth. She thinks that Rajan has conspired with his girlfriend Monica (Helen) to murder her. So she runs away to find her father's old friend in Bangalore, who may be able to help. On the way, she experiences an accident and ends up with a band of performing gypsies. She meets caravan van-driver Mohan (Jeetendra) and she is attracted towards him. Sunita does not know that she has put herself in danger again - this time at the hands of knife-thrower, Nisha (Aruna Irani), who loves Mohan, and will kill anyone who gets in her way. To make matters worse, Rajan has not given up his search for Sunita.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was largely a Khan–Hussain family production, directed by Nasir Hussain (father of future filmmaker Mansoor Khan) and produced by his brother Tahir Hussain (father of future superstar Aamir Khan), under the Nasir Hussain Films banner.

The film's plot was loosely inspired by the 1953 film Girl on the Run.[3]

Soundtrack[edit]

The soundtrack of the film is one of the hit compositions by R. D. Burman. The lyrics of the songs are provided by the veteran poet Majrooh Sultanpuri.

# Title Singer(s) Notes
1 "Ab Jo Mile Hain To" Asha Bhosle Picturized on Aruna Irani, Jeetendra & Asha Parekh
2 "Chadti Jawani Meri Chaal Mastani" Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar Picturized on Jeetendra & Aruna Irani
3 "Daiya Yeh Main Kahan" Asha Bhosle Picturized on Asha Parekh
4 "Dilbar Dil Se Pyare" Lata Mangeshkar Picturized on Aruna Irani
5 "Goria Kahan Tera Desh" Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle Picturized on Jeetendra and Aruna Irani
6 "Hum To Hain Rahi Dil Ke" Kishore Kumar Picturized on Jeetendra
7 "Kitna Pyara Wada Hai" Mohammad Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar Picturized on Jeetendra and Asha Parekh
8 "Piya Tu Ab To Aaja" Asha Bhosle Picturized on Helen
Asha Bhosle won the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The film grossed 36 million[4] ($4.81 million)[5] in India. It was the sixth highest-grossing film of 1971 at the domestic Indian box office.[4] According to Box Office India, when adjusted in terms of 2011 gold value, Caravan's domestic box office would be the equivalent of 2.403 billion (equivalent to 3.7 billion or US$54 million in 2018).[1]

Overseas, Caravan released in China in 1979 and became a blockbuster there, surpassing Raj Kapoor's Awaara (1951). Caravan become the highest-grossing foreign film ever in China up until then, with 88 million box office admissions in its initial run and a total of over 100 million admissions including re-runs, which is still greater than any foreign film released in China since then.[2] At an average ticket price of CN¥0.2,[6] the film grossed an estimated CN¥20 million, equivalent to $13 million[7] (₹106 million).[8] Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to $45 million (₹3.1 billion).[9]

In total, the film grossed an estimated ₹142 million ($18 million) in Asia, equivalent to ₹6.6 billion ($94 million) adjusted for inflation. In terms of footfalls, the film sold an estimated 19 million tickets in India,[4][10] and over 100 million tickets in China,[2] for an estimated total of 119 million tickets sold in Asia.

Legacy[edit]

Along with Awaara and Noorie (1979), Caravan left a strong impression on Chinese audiences in the 1980s. It took decades before Tahir Hussain's son Aamir Khan later had a similar impact in China,[11][12] with films such as Lagaan (2001),[13] 3 Idiots (2009), PK (2014), and Dangal (2016).[11][12][14] During his visit to China, Aamir Khan said his father's film Caravan is still fondly remembered there.[14]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Won
Nominated

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c "《流浪者》《大篷车》中国内地票房". Sina Corp. 9 February 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  3. ^ Parekh, Asha and Mohammed, Khalid. The Hit Girl. New Delhi: Om Books International (2017), p. 120
  4. ^ a b c "Box Office 1971". "BoxOfficeIndia.com". Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Official exchange rate (INR per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1971. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  6. ^ Link, Perry (2000). The Uses of Literature: Life in the Socialist Chinese Literary System. Princeton University Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780691001982.
  7. ^ "Official exchange rate (CNY per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1979. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Official exchange rate (INR per US$, period average)". World Bank. 1979. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Pacific Exchange Rate Service" (PDF). UBC Sauder School of Business. University of British Columbia. p. 3. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  10. ^ Mittal, Ashok (1995). Cinema Industry in India: Pricing and Taxation. Indus Publishing. pp. 71 & 77. ISBN 9788173870231.
  11. ^ a b "Dangal underlines popularity of Indian films in China". China Daily. 20 July 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Aamir: I couldn't really enjoy the food in China". Rediff. 21 May 2015.
  13. ^ Anil K. Joseph (20 November 2002). "Lagaan revives memories of Raj Kapoor in China". Press Trust of India. Archived from the original on 26 August 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  14. ^ a b "Aamir Khan's Father's Film Caravan Still Remembered in China. Now, it Loves PK". NDTV. 11 June 2015.

External links[edit]