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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Suborder: Sternorrhyncha
Superfamily: Coccoidea
Family: Carayonemidae
Richard, 1986 [1]

See text

Carayonemidae is a family of scale insects commonly known as carayonemids. They typically live among mosses and leaf litter which is unusual for scale insects. Members of this family come from Neotropical areas of South and Central America.[2]

Life cycle[edit]

Very little is known about this family, but in one species, the female scale has four instars.[2]


There are four genera, each with a single known species:

Foldicoccus monikae is flattened and leaf-shaped and the adult has six legs and a pair of antennae.[3]


  1. ^ Richard, C. (1986). "Carayonemidae famille nouvelle Carayonema orousseti, n. gen., n. sp. de Guyane française (Homoptera, Coccoidea)" [Carayonemidae new family Carayonema orousseti, n. gen., n. sp., from French Guiana (Homoptera, Coccoidea)]. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (in French). 22 (2): 268–273. 
  2. ^ a b UDSA Agricultural Research Service
  3. ^ Kozár, F. & Z. Konczné Benedicty (2000). "Carayonemidae of the Neotropical Region with the descriptions of new genera and species (Homoptera: Coccoidea)". Folia Entomologica Hungarica. 61: 71–82.