Carbon County, Montana
|Carbon County, Montana|
Location in the state of Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
|Largest city||Red Lodge|
|• Total||2,062 sq mi (5,341 km2)|
|• Land||2,049 sq mi (5,307 km2)|
|• Water||13 sq mi (34 km2), 0.6%|
|• Density||4.9/sq mi (2/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Carbon County was named for the rich coal deposits found in the area. Land from Park and Yellowstone counties was used to form Carbon County on March 4, 1895. More than sixty federally designated historic sites are located in the county, including Petroglyph Canyon, one of the state's most important rock art sites.
Granite Peak, the highest mountain in Montana, is found in the Beartooth Mountains. The Beartooth Highway, one of the "most spectacular alpine highways", links Red Lodge to Cooke City. The Pryor Mountains are in the east of the county, along with the Big Horn River.
- Park County, Montana - west
- Stillwater County, Montana - north
- Yellowstone County, Montana - northeast
- Big Horn County, Montana - east
- Big Horn County, Wyoming - southeast
- Park County, Wyoming - south
National protected areas
- Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area (part)
- Custer National Forest (part)
- Gallatin National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,552 people, 4,065 households, and 2,707 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 5,494 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.07% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.2% Irish, 8.9% Norwegian, 5.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 4,065 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,139, and the median income for a family was $38,405. Males had a median income of $30,226 versus $19,945 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,204. About 8.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,078 people, 4,571 households, and 2,884 families residing in the county. The population density was 4.9 inhabitants per square mile (1.9/km2). There were 6,441 housing units at an average density of 3.1 per square mile (1.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.3% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 14.5% were English, 12.6% were American, and 6.6% were Norwegian.
Of the 4,571 households, 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, and 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age was 48.1 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,010 and the median income for a family was $59,823. Males had a median income of $41,241 versus $26,150 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,983. About 8.1% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.
- Red Lodge (county seat)
The following communities existed in Carbon County at one time:
- Gebo (originally Coalville)
- New Caledonia
- Scotch Coulee
- List of cemeteries in Carbon County, Montana
- List of lakes in Carbon County, Montana
- List of mountains in Carbon County, Montana
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Carbon County, Montana
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Carbon County. "Welcome to Carbon County". Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Vincent, William B. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Petroglyph Canyon. National Park Service, 1974-09-04, 3.
- Merrill, Andrea; Judy Jacobson (1997). Montana almanac. Helena, Montana: Falcon Publishing. ISBN 1-56044-493-2.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- America's Byways. "Beartooth Highway - Montana". Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- Montana Dept. of Labor and Industry (September 2010). "Demographic & Economic Information for Carbon County" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- Lutney, Tom (2014-12-19). "Major wind farm breaks ground near Bridger". Missoulian. Retrieved 2014-12-23.
||Stillwater County||Yellowstone County|
|Park County||Big Horn County|
|Park County, Wyoming||Big Horn County, Wyoming|