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Carcathiocerta (Armenian: Կարկաթիոկերտ, Karkatiokert or Արկաթիակերտ, Arkatiakert. Ancient Greek: Καρκαθιόκερτα, Karkathiokerta) was a city in Armenian Sophene near the Tigris, identified with the modern town of Eğil. It was the first capital of Sophene until Arsames I founded the new capital Arshamshat around 230 BCE. The Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes renamed the city into Epiphania[citation needed]. Strabo in his Geography, calls it "The royal city of Sophene".[1]


  1. ^ Strabo, Geography, Book 11, Chapter 14.3