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Temporal range: Middle Miocene-Recent
15–0 Ma[1]
C. amblyrhynchos
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Carcharhinidae
Genus: Carcharhinus
Blainville, 1816
Type species
Carcharias melanopterus
Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
  • Aprionodon Gill, 1861
  • Eulamia Gill, 1862
  • Galeolamna Owen, 1853
  • Gillisqualus Whitley, 1934
  • Hypoprion J. P. Müller and Henle, 1838
  • Platypodon Gill, 1862
  • Pterolamiops S. Springer, 1951
  • Uranga Whitley, 1943

Carcharhinus is the type genus of the family Carcharhinidae, the requiem sharks. One of 12 genera in its family, it contains over half of the species therein. It contains 35 extant species to date, with likely more species yet to be described.[2]

Extant species[edit]

Genus Carcharhinus Blainville, 1816 - 35 species
Common name Scientific name Geographic range Conservation status
IUCN Red List
Size Image
Blacknose shark Carcharhinus acronotus
(Poey, 1860)
Blacknose shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.3m Blacknose shark (Carcharhinus acronotus)
Silvertip shark Carcharhinus albimarginatus
(Rüppell, 1837)
Silvertip shark geographic range Vulnerable 2-2.5m, max. 3m Silvertip shark (Carcharhinus albimarginatus)
Bignose shark Carcharhinus altimus
(S. Springer, 1950)
Bignose shark geographic range Data Deficient 2.7-2.8m, possibly 3m Bignose shark (Carcharhinus altimus)
Graceful shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides
(Whitley, 1934)
Graceful shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.7m Graceful shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides)
Grey reef shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos
(Bleeker, 1856)
Grey reef shark geographic range Near Threatened mostly less than 1.9m, max. 2.6m Grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos)
Pigeye shark Carcharhinus amboinensis
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Pigeye shark geographic range Data Deficient 1.9-2.5m, max. 2.8m Pigeye shark (Carcharhinus amboinensis)
Borneo shark Carcharhinus borneensis
(Bleeker, 1858)
Borneo shark geographic range Endangered 0.7m
Copper shark Carcharhinus brachyurus
(Günther, 1870)
Copper shark geographic range Near Threatened 3.3m Copper shark (Carcharhinus brachyurus)
Spinner shark Carcharhinus brevipinna
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Spinner shark geographic range NearThreatened 2m, max. 3m Spinner shark (Carcharhinus brevipinna)
Nervous shark Carcharhinus cautus
(Whitley, 1945)
Nervous shark geographic range Data Deficient 1.0-1.3m, possibly 1.5m Nervous shark (Carcharhinus cautus)
Pacific smalltail shark Carcharhinus cerdale
(C. H. Gilbert, 1898)
Pacific smalltail shark geographic range Not Evaluated 1.4m Pacific smalltail shark (Carcharhinus cerdale)
Coates' shark Carcharhinus coatesi
(Whitley, 1939)
Not Evaluated 0.8m
Whitecheek shark Carcharhinus dussumieri
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Whitecheek shark geographic range Near Threatened 1m Whitecheek shark (Carcharhinus dussumieri)
Silky shark Carcharhinus falciformis
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Silky shark geographic range Near Threatened 2.5m, max. 3.5m Silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis)
Creek whaler Carcharhinus fitzroyensis
(Whitley, 1943)
Creek whaler geographic range Least Concern 1.0-1.3m, possibly 1.5m Creek whaler (Carcharhinus fitzroyensis)
Galapagos shark Carcharhinus galapagensis
(Snodgrass & Heller, 1905)
Galapagos shark geographic range Near Threatened 3m, max. 3.3m Galapagos shark (Carcharhinus galapagensis)
Pondicherry shark Carcharhinus hemiodon
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Pondicherry shark geographic range Critically Endangered 1m Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon)
Human's whaler shark Carcharhinus humani
(W. T. White & Weigmann, 2014)
Not Evaluated 0.8m
Finetooth shark Carcharhinus isodon
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Finetooth shark geographic range Least Concern 1.6-1.7m, max. 1.9m Finetooth shark (Carcharhinus isodon)
Smoothtooth blacktip shark Carcharhinus leiodon
(Garrick, 1985)
Smoothtooth blacktip shark geographic range Vulnerable 1.2m Smoothtooth blacktip shark (Carcharhinus leiodon)
Bull shark Carcharhinus leucas
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Bull shark geographic range Near Threatened 2.3-2.4m, max. 3.5m Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas)
Blacktip shark Carcharhinus limbatus
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Blacktip shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.5m, max. 2.8m Blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus)
Oceanic whitetip shark Carcharhinus longimanus
(Poey, 1861)
Oceanic whitetip shark geographic range Vulnerable 3m Oceanic whitetip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus)
Hardnose shark Carcharhinus macloti
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Hardnose shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.1m Hardnose shark (Carcharhinus macloti)
Blacktip reef shark TCarcharhinus melanopterus
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Blacktip reef shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.6m, max. 1.8m Blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus)
Dusky shark Carcharhinus obscurus
(Lesueur, 1818)
Dusky shark geographic range Vulnerable 3.2m, max. 4.2m Dusky shark (Carcharhinus obscurus)
Caribbean reef shark Carcharhinus perezi
(Poey, 1876)
Caribbean reef shark geographic range Near Threatened 2-2.5m, max. 3m Caribbean reef shark (Carcharhinus perezi)
Sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus
(Nardo, 1827)
Sandbar shark geographic range Vulnerable 2-2.5m Sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus)
Smalltail shark Carcharhinus porosus
(Ranzani, 1839)
Smalltail shark geographic range Data Deficient 0.9-1.1m, max. 1.5m Smalltail shark (Carcharhinus porosus)
Blackspot shark Carcharhinus sealei
(Pietschmann, 1913)
Blackspot shark geographic range Near Threatened 1m Blackspot shark (Carcharhinus sealei)
Night shark Carcharhinus signatus
(Poey, 1868)
Night shark geographic range Vulnerable 2m, max. 2.8m Night shark (Carcharhinus signatus)
Spot-tail shark Carcharhinus sorrah
(J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
Spot-tail shark geographic range Near Threatened 1.6m Spot-tail shark (Carcharhinus sorrah)
Australian blacktip shark Carcharhinus tilstoni
(Whitley, 1950)
Australian blacktip shark geographic range Least Concern 1.5-1.8m, max. 2m Australian blacktip shark (Carcharhinus tilstoni)
Indonesian whaler shark Carcharhinus tjutjot
(Bleeker, 1852)
Not Evaluated 0.9m
False smalltail shark Carcharhinus sp. A
(not yet described)

T Type species.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Carrier, J.C.; J.A. Musick & M.R. Heithaus (2004). Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives. CRC Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-8493-1514-X.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Species of Carcharhinus in FishBase. February 2011 version.