Carcharodus alceae

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Mallow skipper
Carcharodus alceae (2009-07-20) 02.jpg
Adult of Carcharodus alceae, dorsal view
Carcharodus alceae, Mallow Skipper, Madzarhovo, Bulgaria, June 2015 (21058021574).jpg
Lateral view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Carcharodus
Species: C. alceae
Binomial name
Carcharodus alceae
(Esper, 1780) [1]
Synonyms
  • Papilio alceae Esper, 1780
  • Papilio malvarum Hoffmannsegg, 1804
  • Carcharodus swinhoei wissmanni Warnecke, 1934

Carcharodus alceae, the mallow skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae. The scientific Latin species name alceae refers to the host plants Althaea, which, in turn, are named after the ancient Greek poet Alcaeus of Mytilene.

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include: [1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This widespread and common species can be found in most of southern and central Europe, in northern Africa (Morocco east to Tunisia and Libya), in the Middle East, in Asia Minor, the Caucasus, in northern India, in the Middle and Central Asia, in the western Himalayas and in the south of Western Siberia. [1][2][3]

Description[edit]

Light brown specimen

Carcharodus alceae has a wingspan of 28–32 mm. The background color of the forewings is pinkish brown, with approximately square brown markings, short, white transverse stripes running from the edge and clear patches on the discal area. Hindwings are brownish or grey-brown, with some prominent brighter spots on the underside. Males are without hair tuft on forewings underside. Antennae have cherry brown tips. [2][4][5]

The eggs are yellowish and hemispherical and the surface is covered with elongated warts, connected each other with low ribs. The egg has a prickly appearance. In the course of the development they turn red. The caterpillars can reach a length of about 23 millimetres (0.91 in). They are dark gray, covered with small white dots and short, white hairs. The head is black with yellow spots, separated by black stripes..

Two views of same mounted specimen

This species is very similar to the Marbled skipper (Carcharodus lavatherae) and almost indistinguishable from the False mallow skipper (Carcharodus tripolinus). [5][6]

Habitat[edit]

These quite common butterflies prefer dry warm and stony areas, wasteland, warm ruderals and gardens at an elevation up to 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) above sea level. [2][7] In Armenia they inhabit a wide variety of grasslands and woodlands.[8]

Biology[edit]

Mallow skippers lay their eggs on top of the leaves of different species of mallow (hence the common name of the species). The larvae mainly feed on Malva sylvestris, Malva moschata, Althaea officinalis, Lavatera thuringiaca and Hibiscus species. [1] [9] The butterfly flies from April to October depending on the location. They get nectar from various herbaceous plants. In Central Europe usually this species has two generations (April-May and July), while in southern areas three or more generations are present. The fully grown caterpillars hibernate and pupate in the next Spring.[2][7]

Life cycle[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dubi Benyamini Euphorbiaceae – A new host-plant family for Carcharodus alceae Esper, 1780 (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) and a discussion on the use of Euphorbiaceae by butterfly larvae (Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea) in the world // Nota lepid.. — Israel, 2005. — Vol. 28, n. 2.- pp. 75–92. - ISSN 0342-7536.
  • Martin Konvicka & Tomas Kadlec How to increase the value of urban areas for butterfly conservation? A lesson from Prague nature reserves and parks - Vol. 108. . pp. 219–229. — ISSN 1210-5759.

External links[edit]

References[edit]