Carchi Province

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Province of Carchi
Flag of Carchi
Nickname(s): Heir of the Sun, and Earth
Carchi Province in Ecuador
Carchi Province in Ecuador
Cantons of Carchi Province
Cantons of Carchi Province
Country  Ecuador
Legal establishment November 19, 1880
Capital Tulcán
 • Total 3,780.45 km2 (1,459.64 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 164,524
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (ECT)
Vehicle registration C

Carchi (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɾtʃi]) is a province in Ecuador. The capital is Tulcán. The Carchi River rises on the slopes of Chiles volcano and forms the boundary between Colombia and Ecuador near Tulcan. Rumichaca Bridge is the most important land route between Colombia and Ecuador.


The provincial economy is based on industrial, and agriculture productions. Carchi produces food, drinks, tobacco, and dairy products. The agriculture sector produces potatoes, maize, etc.[1]


The province is divided into 6 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the 2010 census, its area in square kilometres (km²), and the name of the canton seat or capital.[2]

Canton Pop. (2010) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Bolívar 14,347 353 Bolívar
Espejo 13,364 554 El Ángel
Mira 12,180 588 Mira
Montúfar 30,511 383 San Gabriel
San Pedro de Huaca 7,624 71 Huaca
Tulcán 86,498 1,801 Tulcán


Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010:[3]

Tourist destinations[edit]

Ancient Carchi art
  • Tulcán Cemetery - topiary garden cemetery;
  • El Ángel ecological reserve, El Ángel - extensive páramo ecosystem with diverse biotopes, including the visually striking páramos de frailejones - moorland with a forest of ancient, up to 10 m tall Espeletia pycnophylla plants;
  • Arrayanes Forest, San Gabriel - 16 ha large forest with rare trees whose bark is in cinnamon color;
  • Lagunas Verdes on the way from Tufiño to Maldonado. Three lakes of volcanic origin with blue - green water, rich with sulphur;
  • Gruta de la Paz, San Gabriel - show cave with a shrine of Virgin Mary;
  • Laguna del Salado, San Gabriel - a serene lagoon with translucent water;
  • Tufiño Hot Springs, Tulcán;
  • "El Voladero" lagoons, El Angel;
  • De Paluz Falls, San Gabriel;
  • Guanderas Scientific Station, Huaca - a biological research station for montane ecosystems.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ExploRed - ECUADOR online". 
  2. ^ Cantons of Ecuador. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos. "Resultados". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 0°27′N 78°03′W / 0.45°N 78.05°W / 0.45; -78.05