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The Cardaces (or Kardakes, meaning "foreign mercenary"[1]) were a professional heavy infantry mustering of the Achaemenid Persian army. They were formed some time before the Macedonian invasion (334 BCE).

There are debates among historians about the armament and tactics used by the Cardaces. The Persian army had earlier become heavily dependent upon Greek mercenaries and it may have been intended that the Cardaces – as Persian subjects – would complement the mercenaries.


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2017-05-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)