Cardamine flexuosa

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Cardamine flexuosa
Cardamine flexuosa eF.jpg
Scientific classification
C. flexuosa
Binomial name
Cardamine flexuosa

Cardamine flexuosa, commonly known as wavy bittercress or wood bitter-cress, is an herbaceous annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial plant in the cabbage family (Cruciferae).[1]


This is a small flowering plant growing to a height of no more than 30 cm, usually perennial, with few short, erect stems. The leaves pinnate, mostly at the base, each with about 5 pairs of rounded leaflets. Flowers very small, white, 3 – 4 mm across with 6 stamens. Fruits generally not overtopping the flowers - a feature distinguishing it from Cardamine hirsuta.[2]


Common throughout the British Isles[3]:401 and Europe.[4]


In Ireland common in woods shady and damp places.[5][2]


In Northeast Indian State, Manipur, it is eaten and often used as garnishing Eromba and known as Chaantruk.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Webb, D.A., Parnell, J. and Doogue, D. 1996. An Irish Flora. Dundalgan Press, Dundalk. ISBN 0-85221-131-7
  2. ^ a b Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. and Warburg, E.F. 1968. Excursion Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-04656-4
  3. ^ Stace, C. A. (2010). New Flora of the British Isles (Third ed.). Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521707725.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Parnell, J. and Curtis, T. 2012. Webb's An Irish Flora. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-185918-4783